The treaty proposed by Ukraine, among other things, includes the neutral status of the state. Permanent members of the UN Security Council, as well as Germany, Turkey and Israel can become its guarantors. .jpg” alt=”Ukraine proposed a new system of security guarantees at the talks” />
During the peace talks with Russia held in Istanbul on March 29, Ukraine proposed a new system of security guarantees, which includes the neutral status of the state . This was stated by the head of the Ukrainian delegation David Arakhamia following the results of the talks.
“As for the new system of security guarantees for Ukraine, we insist that it be an international treaty, which will be signed and ratified by all guarantors, so as not to repeat the mistakes of the Budapest Memorandum,” he said.
Arakhamia specified that permanent members of the UN Security Council, including Russia, as well as Turkey, Germany, Italy, Israel, Poland and Canada, can become guarantors of the new system.
At the same time, the head of the Ukrainian delegation noted that the new system of security guarantees would not operate in Crimea, as well as in part of the territory of Donbass. “We wrote in this agreement that all guarantor countries are obliged not only not to interfere with Ukraine's intentions to join the EU, but also must help in this,” — he concluded.
In turn, the head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, confirmed the receipt of written proposals from Ukraine, confirming Kyiv's desire for a neutral and non-nuclear status. Medinsky also said that the Ukrainian proposals include the rejection of the production and deployment of all types of weapons of mass destruction on the territory of Ukraine. “Ukraine refuses to join military alliances, to deploy foreign military bases, contingents, to conduct military exercises on the territory of Ukraine without the consent of the guarantor states, including Russia,” — said the head of the Russian delegation.
Also, Medinsky noted, the proposals submitted by Kiev imply that Russia is not against Ukraine's entry into the EU.
Several rounds of talks on settling the situation in Ukraine have already taken place since the end of February. At the end of February— At the beginning of March, three face-to-face meetings were held in Belarus, after which the parties continued contacts in the format of video conferences.
On March 29, the Russian and Ukrainian delegations again held face-to-face talks in Istanbul, they lasted about four hours. First, the heads of the delegations Medinsky and Arakhamia held a bilateral meeting, then the discussions continued as part of the delegations.
Moscow initially pushed for a comprehensive treaty with Kiev that would include such Russian demands as Ukraine's neutral status, security guarantees, demilitarization, denazification, and the definition and recognition of Crimea and Donbass. Medinsky reported on March 25 that “on minor issues” the positions of the parties are “converging”, but according to the main political demands, the negotiators are “marking time”.
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky noted on March 23 that at the talks moving forward step by step. Among the requirements of Ukraine— security guarantees and the withdrawal of Russian troops. Zelensky has previously spoken about his readiness to seek a compromise with Moscow on Crimea, the LPR and the DPR. The head of state pointed out that some of the changes that are expected as a result of the negotiations “may be historical”, so the issue of their adoption will be decided during a national referendum.
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