Democrats should have “outshined” the Republican draft
The United States Senate has published a bill on sanctions, which is proposed to be introduced against Russia “in the event of its invasion of Ukraine” or further escalation of the conflict around of this country. The proposed measures affect President Vladimir Putin personally and all of Russia's top leadership. The expert told how great the chance for their adoption is, and also assessed the previous consultations on security guarantees between representatives of the Russian Federation and NATO.
The document on penalties against the Russian Federation was submitted for consideration by 26 senators. The initiator was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, Democrat Robert Menendez. According to The Washington Post, the proposed package of sanctions allegedly supports the White House.
According to Reuters, among the sanctions proposed by the senators & mdash; a ban on entry into the United States and freezing of American assets of the president, prime minister, head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Defense of Russia (this immediately raises the rhetorical question – are there any such assets?), as well as commanders of various types of troops and other persons, whom the White House considers to be involved in the 'aggression against Ukraine'. Washington also intends to increase military aid to Kiev.
In addition, within 30 days after the possible invasion of Moscow, the American leader will be required to impose penalties against at least three of the largest Russian banks. It is also proposed to introduce sanctions against the Russian external debt and against the Nord Stream 2 project.
The document, in particular, recommends to “ consider all available and adequate measures '' to prevent the operation of the gas pipeline, which the senators called the “ instrument of harmful influence of the Russian Federation. ''
“ This bill clearly demonstrates that the US Senate will not sit idly by when the Kremlin threatens to invade Ukraine again, '' said Robert Menendez.
At the same time, within six months, the US Treasury Department, the State Department and intelligence will need to prepare a detailed report on the property of the Russian president, his relatives and close businessmen. They can also be subject to sanctions.
But the question arises & ndash; how likely is it to actually introduce such restrictions?
“ A new document on anti-Russian sanctions in the US Senate is an alternative to another bill on Nord Stream 2, which is actively promoted by the Republican Party, '' comments on MK Alexey Makarkin, vice president of the Center for Political Technologies, professor at the Higher School of Economics. & ndash; Accordingly, the Democrats also need to respond by offering something in return.
Moreover, the gas pipeline project initiated by the Republicans, from the point of view of the American administration, is quite dangerous. Firstly, it can spoil Washington's relations with Berlin, and secondly, disrupt the already difficult dialogue with Russia. & nbsp;
The proposed sanctions measures against the Russian Federation look very radical, dramatic and even more ambitious than one specific bill on Nord Stream 2. But they have one peculiarity: if the sanctions on the pipeline are to be implemented regardless of the policy of Russia, then here we are talking more about conditional penalties. The White House will decide when to introduce them and whether to introduce them at all. ''
According to the expert, this is a continuation of the same policy pursued by the American administration. She periodically makes it clear that many different sanctions may follow in the event of the deployment of hostilities between Moscow and Kiev. Thus, this resolution fits into the context of the 'hypothetical penalties'. And most likely, it can be accepted.
“ The new bill against the Russian Federation is also part of the intra-American games, '' the political scientist continues. & ndash; And in this sense, it is interesting because Moscow had hopes for the Republican Party, connected specifically with the former US President Donald Trump. Now she is extremely critical of Russia. There is practically a consensus in the American political class about the negative attitude towards the Russian Federation. The only question is what specific decisions need to be made. & Nbsp;
As for the talks with NATO on Wednesday, they certainly became a continuation of those consultations on security guarantees that Moscow had with Washington. In Russia, the meeting with representatives of the North Atlantic Alliance was perceived as additional. The Russian Federation wants to conduct a dialogue only with America, and it, in turn, seeks to share responsibility in this matter with its Western allies and partners.
This is actually a secondary site, from which little was expected. Its main result is that Russia did not leave the meeting, demonstratively slamming the door. After all, the meeting was attended not only by Americans, but also by Poles, representatives of the Baltic states and Czechs, who relatively recently declared the Russian Federation “ unfriendly ''. state.
Despite all the difficulties, the parties still managed to talk. And even a little longer than expected. True, they parted without any agreements, but also without conflict, which is also not bad. So the dialogue continues. ''
Let us remind you that consultations on security guarantees between Russia and the West are currently taking place in Europe. On January 10, in Geneva, a meeting of delegations from Moscow and Washington took place, on January 12 in Brussels, a meeting of the Russia & mdash; NATO. On January 13, negotiations between representatives of the Russian Federation and the OSCE started in Vienna.
According to the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Sergei Lavrov, the representatives of the United States and the NATO Secretary General promised to provide written answers to Moscow's proposals on security guarantees.
“ The Americans promised us to try, but we told them that they need to try very hard, make their counter offers next week, & ndash; said the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry. & ndash; Stoltenberg, NATO Secretary General, on behalf of the North Atlantic Alliance, also volunteered to put his reaction on paper. I think that it will come in about a week too, after which we will report together with the Minister of Defense to the President. ''
The Minister of Foreign Affairs noted that the talks in Geneva and Brussels were businesslike.