Tag: Soviet Union
The monument to Zheglov and Sharapov was on the banned list
Until May 9, Ukraine intends to quickly rename the streets and squares associated with the Russian world. The “black list” included Russian writers, composers, Korolev and Gagarin, and even Zheglov and Sharapov.
Monument-bust of N. Karpenko on the Walk of Fame in the Old Park of Ternopil. Photo: ru.wikipedia.orgPolovko Sergey Nikolaevich
One of the first to be attacked was the great Russian poet Pushkin. At the same time, local governments are “manuring the soil” in order to belittle the feat of the Soviet soldier during the Second World War. In order to rename the streets and squares in honor of the “new heroes”, in particular, the fighters of the Azov Regiment dug in at the Mariupol Azovstal plant (banned in the territory of the Russian Federation). Much to the surprise of Ukrainian nationalists, the population of even the most “patriotic” regions is actively resisting another rewriting of history.
Now, with foam on their lips, they demand to remove the monument to Pushkin in Zhytomyr. The mayor of the city, Sergei Sukhomlin, who until February 24 spoke mainly in Russian, in response to the demands of the “nationally concerned” promised to hold a citywide referendum on this issue.
On the dismantling of the monument to the famous Zhytomyr resident Sergei Korolev (the general designer of manned spacecraft, they say, also “worked for Moscow”) Sukhomlin promises to hold a discussion later. So far, the mayor's office is more concerned about the sagging economy of the regional center, the functioning of hospitals, the reception and distribution of humanitarian aid.
Two weeks ago, in Ternopil, the monument to Pushkin was thrown off its pedestal. Prior to this, in Mukachevo, the second largest city in the Transcarpathian region, a bust of the poet was subjected to a similar procedure.
Ternopils, whose urban community is headed by a member of the nationalist “Svoboda” Sergei Nadal, these days are preparing to rename ten streets at once. Perhaps the most famous is Anatoly Zhivov Street, an 18-year-old resident of Moscow who died heroically in the battles for the Western Ukrainian city. The same fate awaits the street of Grigory Tantsorov, a native of the Saratov province, who fought with the Nazis for the liberation of Ternopil in 1944. The renaming awaits the street of Alexander Maksimenko (who was born in the Tomsk province, now the Kemerovo region of the Russian Federation), as well as the street named after a native of the Dnepropetrovsk region Nikolai Karpenko.
His relatives stood up to defend the good name of the Hero of the Soviet Union. “I am oppressed, nailed to the ground,” the granddaughter of the Hero Larisa Karpenko admitted to Ternopil journalists. – My grandfather Nikolai Grigorievich was born in Central Ukraine, fought for Ukraine, died in the west of Ukraine. He did not serve in the NKVD, in any other repressive bodies. He was a Ukrainian soldier in the ranks of the troops defending our land. And suddenly, in 2022, the authorities stuck a label on him – “soldier of the occupying army.” Are these people out of their minds?”
Hero of the Soviet Union Nikolai Karpenko is laid to rest in the Park of Glory. His ashes, along with the remains of other soldiers-liberators of the Ternopil region, are going to be transferred soon.
In addition to Soviet soldiers, the names of Mikhail Glinka, Anton Chekhov, Alexander Pushkin, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Mikhail Lomonosov and Yuri Gagarin appear in the official report of the Ternopil City Council on the renaming. The renaming of Ternopil streets will take place according to a special procedure. At least that's what Maryana Zvarich, an adviser to the city council, promised. Before submitting to public hearings, each of the applications received will be “worked out by historians”. If these experts decide to leave the names of the streets, “their position will be taken into account.”
Today it became known about the “derussification” of Kiev monuments. The Kyiv City Council registered a draft resolution on the dismantling of 60 monuments and memorial plaques associated with Russia. “Undesirable”, among others, it is proposed to recognize the monument to Pushkin in Pushkin Park, the monument to Mikhail Bulgakov on Andreevsky Spusk, the monument to Gleb Zheglov and Vladimir Sharapov at the complex of buildings of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, the monument to Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. The dismantled objects will be transferred as exhibits to the Museum of Totalitarianism, which is currently being created.
The Kyiv Council also intends to change the names of five metro stations: Minsk, Heroes of the Dnieper, Beresteiska, Friendship of Peoples and Lev Tolstoy Square '.
“What is the former “Minister of Foreign Affairs” of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation missing?”
You can feel that spring is in the air. Many are already experiencing a seasonal aggravation, and, as we can see, not only the commander-in-chief of NATO (the future banker in blooming Norway) and other politicians in Europe and overseas, but also here in Russia.
Me the other day the appeal of the All-Russian Officers' Assembly, signed by Colonel General L.G. Ivashov, caught my eye.
Photo: Presidential Press and Information Office , Sergey Guneev.
I have no questions for the participants of this “meeting”, that is, the officers, because I have no doubt that there are no such in this organization (really – paper), except for those who work in the apparatus of General Ivashov, and to Leonid Grigorievich himself, too , perhaps not, because for me such personalities were always understandable, since his service, as a rule, took place in good, normal offices with parquet polished to a shine and always next to his high-ranking boss and constant business trips either to the GSVG or to the SGV , then to the South Caucasus, to France, the USA, Germany and other countries.
During this well-groomed life, his way of thinking, most likely, began to differ sharply from ordinary hard-working officers who devoted themselves to serving their native Fatherland, who replaced dozens of garrisons located in Kamchatka, and in the Far East, and in the republics of Central Asia and went through the war in Afghanistan, and so on and so forth.
So, the appeal of this gentleman from the point of view of mine and many thousand officers ers and just citizens of the Russian Federation, who love their homeland with all their hearts, is nothing more than a provocation aimed at destabilizing the situation in the country. It is clear that the years take their toll, and senile grumbling is the main way of expressing one's thoughts, but this should not mean that Mr. Ivashov L.G. is the ultimate truth. God forbid!
Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel General.
Moscow education succeeds in a very difficult thing. The simplest way would be to reduce the military-patriotic work with schoolchildren to grandiloquent slogans of little meaning for modern children at solemn lines on another memorable date. Instead, & mdash; meetings with those who accomplished the feat, educational quests, skydiving, military translation with professional linguists and other memorable and educational events. About them in an interview with AiF told the director of the Moscow center “ Patriot.Sport '' Marat Kuchushev .
Dusty exhibits are a thing of the past
Inna Aleinikova, AiF.ru: & nbsp; Commemorative events are held in all schools for the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Moscow. Is there a common scenario for them?
Marat Kuchushev : & nbsp; There is no need for this, because teachers and schoolchildren have a huge number of their own ideas. Just look at the variety of school museums that are open today. There is a museum in almost every school, sometimes more than one. The outdated view that a museum & mdash; this is a room that opens a couple of times a week to look at the dusty exhibits. There is no such thing! Last year, we awarded the best school museums in Moscow in the Cup of Heroes competition. Awards went to 75 winning schools.
In the spring of this year, a competition for expositions about the people's militia was announced. Schoolchildren with teachers organized them, selected materials for exhibitions. During the Soviet era, there was little public information about the militias. Many people died from the divisions formed in Moscow, where ordinary people went at the behest of their hearts, many of them did not know how to handle weapons, but immediately went to the front line. On October 11, 2021, the capital celebrated the Day of the Moscow People's Militia for the first time. In schools, on the territory of which divisions were formed in 1941, ceremonial lines and rallies, Lessons of Courage, excursions and exhibitions, and meetings with the descendants of the militia took place. In addition, in mid-December, the results of the competition “ In Memory of the Feat of the People's Militia of Moscow in the Battle of Moscow '' will be announced. We are holding it together with the Moscow City Duma. More than 200 educational organizations of the capital took part in it. Now the final stage is underway: teachers of 12 finalist schools conduct open lessons and extracurricular activities at expositions and exhibitions that they have created specifically for the competition.
Photo: press service of the center “ Patriot.Sport ''
& mdash; What criteria do you use to evaluate expositions at competitions?
& mdash; Selection of exhibits, connection with descendants, quality and reliability of information provided to visitors, etc. Many children were inspired to work in the museums of their schools by completing the quest “ Feat of the People '' at the Victory Museum. This exhibition about how Victory was forged in the rear has been and will continue to be attended by students from Moscow schools. The promotion is not one-time, but permanent. The mayor made a gift to the schoolchildren, and in this academic year alone, more than 100 thousand people will complete the quest.
& mdash; You are quite strict about school museums. So their level is high?
& mdash; Yes, the situation has changed a lot in a positive direction. By the way, a school museum standard is now being developed in Moscow. The requirements will take into account where this or that exhibition is located: in a separate office, in the hall or on the street. We have also prepared a list of equipment that, in our opinion, is necessary for a school museum: scanners for digitizing data about exhibits, computers, panels for daily display of historical materials, exhibits can have QR codes for a child to come up, point the phone and find out everything about this things & mdash; where it was found, who it belonged to, how it got to school. The main thing is that the museum becomes a center where children do not just come to see, but where they conduct research, communicate with each other, establish contacts with other schools, from which joint large projects grow. Every child and adult in our country should not forget the price of the Victory.
Photo: press service of the center “ Patriot.Sport ''
Gathering for 10th graders & mdash; with simulators
& mdash; It is clear from your story that museums keep pace with the times. What other options are there to make the military-patriotic theme far from formality?
& mdash; Now children have a different format for perceiving information, so it should be presented in a different way. Teenagers love video content, videos in Tik-Tok, where everything is quick and short. This trend can be seen on educational platforms as well. For example, the Moscow Electronic School has short video lessons in all subjects. Educational texts must be supplemented with links to films and videos, that is, to provide information in a comprehensive manner: where to watch and read. Of course, children get a lot from live communication, meetings with the Heroes of Russia – have a strong educational effect. the military, astronauts, law enforcement officers. This is not the same as a portrait of a hero on the wall or a story in a textbook.
Photo: Press Service of the Patriot.Sport Center
& mdash; In May, more than 5 thousand Moscow schoolchildren took part in patronage actions in memory of the heroes of the militia: they put in order the monuments to the participants of the Great Patriotic War, the defense of Moscow, the heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia. Who are these children? Why are some doing this and others not?
& mdash; When there is an active person at school & mdash; director, deputy, educator of the cadet class or a teacher who lives and burns with this, & mdash; then the guys light up. For example, the director of school number 709 Vladimir Druzhinin & mdash; a man with an active civic position, he has cadet classes, and the youth army movement, and campaigns, where he himself goes with children as a senior comrade. Patronage actions, maintenance of monuments & mdash; a natural thing for the children of most schools and colleges, for them love for the Fatherland, the memory of their ancestors & mdash; not an empty sound.
& mdash; What does your Patriot Sports Center do?
& mdash; Our institution, subordinate to the Department of Education and Science of the city of Moscow, has various areas of activity, all of them related to sports and military-patriotic education. We oversee the youth army movement in the city, we run the educational project “ Cadet class in a Moscow school '', we hold a five-day training camp for 10-graders and college students, and we organize sports competitions in schools. Also in our structure there is the Peter the Great Maritime Center, where pupils are engaged in additional education. There are two clubs open there: the club of young marines named after the Hero of Russia Andrey Dneprovsky and the club of young sailors named after A. Hero of Russia Konstantin Somov.
Photo: press service of the center “ Patriot.Sport ''
& mdash; In parenting chats, moms fearfully ask each other what a five-day camp is. Please give first-hand information.
& mdash; This is an educational program, designed for 35 hours, in the school subject “ Fundamentals of Life Safety. '' Teachers from their schools are with the children at the training camp, and our teachers conduct the training camp. In order to reach all children who have the opportunity to attend classes for health reasons, they are received in several places. Someone comes to the educational and methodological center “ Avangard '' in the Patriot Park. At the disposal of the boys are simulators, simulators of vehicle-armored training, parachute jumping, a laser shooting range, etc. Also, the schoolchildren are waiting for the recreation and educational camp “ Patriot '' in Tuchkovo of the Ruza region and a number of military units.
In each administrative district
& mdash; How is the project with cadet classes in Moscow schools developing?
& mdash; For the 70th anniversary of the Victory, cadet classes were opened for the first time. In 2021, there are 261 schools with cadets, more than 26 thousand children study in the 7th and 11th grades. They study in depth the history of Russia, undergo drill and fire training, go in for sports and creativity, master programs in almost 20 profiles: these are the profiles of different types of troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the FSB, the Federal Security Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Emergencies, etc. Career guidance takes place on the basis of universities -partners, where schoolchildren try themselves in professions, receive the first special skills and knowledge. For example, the Moscow State Linguistic University is engaged in military translation. Cadets who have chosen the profile of the aerospace forces attend classes at Moscow State University. Lomonosov and MAI, study astronomy and mathematics, try their hand at designing and prototyping unmanned aerial vehicles, 3D modeling and programming.
Photo: Press Service of the Patriot.Sport Center
& mdash; Explain how the cadet movement differs from the Youth Army?
& mdash; Cadets receive general secondary education in schools, admission to cadets & mdash; from the 7th grade. A “ Youth Army '' & mdash; a public children's movement that is not directly related to general education disciplines, everyone can join it, starting from the age of 8. In Moscow this fall, we celebrated the fifth anniversary of the Youth Army. In 2016, the movement began with 500 people, and now there are more than 30 thousand Yunarmeys in the city. The head of the Moscow headquarters is Colonel-General, Hero of Russia Vladimir Shamanov . His deputy & mdash; Major General, Hero of Russia Gevork Isakhanyan . These people, by their example and authority, inspire and teach children.
& mdash; We see how the Yunarmeys pass on May 9 during the parade on Red Square. What are they doing during the year?
& mdash; For Muscovites 11 & ndash; 18 years old, we provide free training under the modular specialized program “ Moscow Yunarmeets ''. The program is unique. Four modules: Rescue and Survival in Emergencies, Open Skies, Only the Brave Conquer the Seas and 'Young Defender of the Fatherland'. So, in the module “ Open Skies '' includes courses “ Young military pilot '', “ Young aircraft designer '', “ Operator of unmanned aerial vehicles ''. And in the module “ Young Defender of the Fatherland '', in addition to courses in shooting and self-defense, the course “ Young Parachutist '' is included. Since launch in 2017, many students have been trained and successfully skydived.
& mdash; Where do the Yunarmeys train?
& mdash; Headquarters of the Youth Army open in every administrative district of Moscow. All information is posted on the website of the Moscow Center “ Patriot.Sport ''. We invite everyone!
“We had a choice — to be afraid of everything and do nothing, or to be careful and put the fear away, continuing to do what you believe in.”
As a young man in the Soviet Union in the 1980s, Andrei Davydov chose a risky path to express himself artistically.
He became interested in iconography — images of Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, saints and religious scenes that act as meditative objects during prayer.
They can be painted on wooden boards, or created as a mosaic, embroidery or fresco.
“A young man … was always at risk,” Andrei remembers. “It was even forbidden to have the gospel.”
Andrei’s son, who followed in his father’s footsteps, travels the world to share his knowledge of icon painting.
But when Andrei first became acquainted with the artform, it was at a time when religious activity was dangerous, even as a more progressive culture was becoming the norm.
Andrei knew lots of people who were imprisoned for printing and sharing forbidden religious literature or participating in underground Christian societies.
He says the small number of iconographers he was associated with “knew how real the threat was”, though they avoided persecution.
“Officially there was freedom of religion in the Soviet Union,” says Mark Edele, a Soviet Union historian at Melbourne University.
“But you couldn’t be in the Communist Party and be religious … and then there’s an extremely strong regulation trying to make it quite hard for people to practise their religion.”
A space of ‘potential resistance to the Soviet project’
Professor Edele calls the Soviets “militant atheists”.
“They thought religion was an attempt by the ruling elites to brainwash the population into compliance,” he says.
“They felt that the churches were potential alternative spaces of power and potential resistance to the Soviet project.”‘
Despite the threat of danger, Andrei continued to follow his passion, including a burgeoning interest in Russian Orthodox Christianity.
Eventually he was ordained as a priest.
“It’s hard to explain to someone who lives in a society where rights are one of the major values,” says his son, Philip Davydov, when asked what motivated his father.
“You could have been put in prison anyway, even if you didn’t do anything bad.”
Professor Edele says throughout the 20th century, the Soviet leaders changed their approach to religious activity — from the KGB “locking people up for everything”, to what they called “prophylaxis”.
“This meant calling people in, scaring them really badly and telling them what could happen if they don’t mend their ways,” he says.
It reduced the level of outright repression, but still kept people up at night.
‘Mediators’ between people and the divine
Andrei’s actions set Philip on the path to being part of a new generation of contemporary iconographers.
As a child, Philip would mix colours and prepare materials for his father, shaping his instinctual love of iconography.
That was followed by years at St Petersburg Academy of Arts. His wife, Olga Shalamova, is a celebrated artist in her own right.
When Philip paints an icon, he says he sets his personal intentions aside.
It’s not about fulfilling his own vision — he wants to match the icon to the needs of an individual parish.
“If you think, ‘what is the best crucifix for this particular wall?’ then your intentions, your thoughts, your choices are different.”
Icons act as a “mediator” between a person and the divine, says Sister Rosemary Crumlin, an expert in religious art and an honorary fellow at the Australian Catholic University.
An image — of Jesus, the Virgin Mary or various Saints — is designed to create an opportunity to stop and consider God.
“The most important [icons] date from the first seven centuries,” Sister Crumlin says, though in Russia, the medieval period is particularly significant.
She says between medieval times and today, the major difference in uses of icons is attitudes to God.
Believers in the medieval world were “more religiously concerned with the direct intervention of God”.
“I don’t think that many people ask that of religion now and expect to get an answer,” she says.
As a Russian Orthodox Christian, Philip wants his artwork to help worshippers engage with liturgy in the fullest way possible.
“The eyes are the part of the body that let me participate most actively in life and in the world,” he explains.
“And if during the service, I can only hear the words, can only contemplate what’s being said, but have nothing to do with my eyes, I feel I’m not completely participating in the service.”
While the final product is used as a tool for prayer, Philip is wary of calling his work a religious act.
Recalling the necessary, menial tasks he learned from his father — like preparing boards and cleaning brushes — he says he “could never call [that] a sacred activity”.
But because he continues to work outside of himself, creating imagery on behalf of the church and with others’ spiritual growth in mind, he’s comfortable calling it a ministry.
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Each game of chess
Means there’s one less
Variation left to be played.
Each day got through
Means one or two
Less mistakes remain to be made.
Soloists 1 & 2:
Not much is known
Of early days of chess
Beyond a fairly vague report–
That fifteen hundred years ago
Two princes fought,
For a Hindu throne.
The mother cried,
For no one really likes
Their offspring fighting
To the death.
She begged to stop
With her every breath.
But sure enough
One brother died.
Soloists 4 & 6:
Sad beyond belief,
She told her winning son,
“You have caused such grief
I can’t forgive
This evil thing you’ve done.”
Soloist 3 & 7:
He tried to explain
How things had really been.
But he tried in vain,
No words of his
Could mollify the queen.
And so he asked
The wisest men he knew
The way to lessen her distress.
They told him he’d be
Pretty certain to impress
By using model soldiers
On a checkered board
To show it was his brother’s fault–
They thus invented chess
Chess displayed no inertia,
Soon spread to Persia,
Next the Arabs refined it,
Thus redesigned, it
Still further yet,
And when Constantinople
Fell in 1453,
One would have noticed
Every other refugee
Included in his bags a set.
Once in the hands,
And in the minds
Of leading figures
Of the Renaissance–
The spirit and the speed
Of chess made swift advance
Through all of Europe’s vital lands.
Female Soloists: Male Soloists:
Where we must record Each game of chess,
The game was further changed– Means there’s one less
Right across the board Variation left to be played.
The western touch
Upon the pieces ranged.
King, and queen, and rook,
And bishop, knight, and pawn
All took on the look
We know today–
The modern game was born.
And in the end,
We see a game
That started by mistake
And boosted in the main
By what is now Iran–
Become the simplest,
And most complicated
Pleasure yet devised
For just the kind of mind
Who would appriciate this
Well-researched, and fascinating
The World Chess Federation, of which I have the honor
Of being president, announces that the next world championship
Will take place here in Merano, Italy.
The current world champion Frederick Trumper of the United
States of America will defend his title again Anatoly Sergievsky
Of the Soviet Union.
The first player to achieve six victories will be declared
Champion. The first game will begin on March 27, 1979.
Welcome, world, to Merano!