Tag: Southern Highlands

Village ‘abandoned’ by RFS in its hour of need, local fire chief says

Balmoral Village 2571

The Rural Fire Service withdrew vital firefighting equipment from a small NSW community on a day it came under intense bushfire attack, an RFS captain has said.

Key points:

  • Brendon O’Connor said that as Green Wattle Creek fire ripping through bushland in the Southern Highlands, vital firefighting services were directed elsewhere
  • In December, bushfires burnt 20 of Balmoral Village’s 140 homes
  • The town is now undertaking an enormous clean-up effort to remove many of its trees burnt in the fire

Balmoral Village RFS captain Brendon O’Connor said he did not want to “point fingers”, but bluntly added that his community was “abandoned” in its hour of need last month.

With the Green Wattle Creek fire ripping through bushland in the Southern Highlands, vital firefighting services were directed elsewhere, he said.

By the time the fire was bearing down on Balmoral on Saturday, December 21, he said, the local brigade was drastically understaffed and ill-equipped.

“On the Thursday and Friday we had a great number of resources, but unfortunately a decision was made on Friday evening to remove all resources from Balmoral, including bulk water, and that was replaced with a small water truck,” he said.

“We were asked to remove our own trucks from the village, which I refused to do.

“To have all resources removed and when it went bad, those resources couldn’t get back into us and the whole village was burning.”


Balmoral RFS captain Brendon O’Connor has criticised his organisation for ignoring warnings and stripping the village of resources at a vital time. (ABC Illawarra: Justin Huntsdale)

A small team of RFS volunteers who chose to stay and fight successfully saved much of the village, but 20 of the town’s 120 houses were lost and the brigade ran out of water mid-fight.

“We were abandoned during the fight on the Saturday until much later and we’ve been abandoned since,” Mr O’Connor said, adding that help had come but after the fact.

“We haven’t seen any government agency, and it’s been too hard for them to come into the village and offer assistance.

“Now we’re seeing it, but that’s probably due to the power of media [coverage].”


Power lines were damaged in the December bushfire, cutting electricity to the town for days. (ABC Illawarra: Justin Huntsdale)

Counselling, clean-up help needed

Mr O’Connor has been asking for counselling for residents and firefighters, and help to remove hundreds of burnt trees.

As much as 90 per cent of Balmoral’s trees have been burnt, bringing the new risk of falling branches for those moving around the village.

“The big thing about this is learning from it and how can we try and reduce these impacts on communities in the future,” he said.

“A lot of us haven’t been at our workplaces for weeks and it’s a big drain on everyone.

“If we can learn to do things better in the future. It’s not about pointing fingers at individuals — it’s about having the right resources and funding to do the work we’re here for.”

The RFS has been approached for a response to Mr O’Connor’s comments but is yet to provide one.


Steve Harrison stands next to the remains of his pottery building in Balmoral village. (ABC Illawarra: Justin Huntsdale)

Surviving in a custom-made kiln

Balmoral Village potter Steve Harrison had laboriously prepared his house to survive a fire, but it was a last resort option to shelter in a kiln that saved his life.

After switching on his pump-operated sprinkler system, he was ready to drive out of town but was met with a wall of fire on his street.

Are hazard reduction burns effective in managing bushfires?
RMIT ABC Fact Check finds the link between planned burns and the risk of dangerous bushfires can be a complicated one.

“I realised that I was going to die so I grabbed my bag to hide in my kiln, which I’d built specially a few days before as a fall-back position.

“No heat escapes from a kiln and no heat can get in — they’re amazing things.”

While he saved his own life, his beloved pottery building and kiln shed that he built was burnt.

He now faces the prospect of rebuilding in the latter years of his working life, cleaning up enormous trees on his property and working out complicated insurances claims.

He is also struggling with the after-effects of his traumatic experience.


Pat Lawrence and her husband escaped to Bowral as bushfire threatened their Balmoral house. (ABC Illawarra: Justin Huntsdale)

Resident grateful for aid agencies during crisis

Pat Lawrence has lived in Balmoral Village for 57 years, and despite living behind the RFS brigade she evacuated with her husband to nearby Bowral during the December bushfire.

It was here the Red Cross welcomed them, processed their registration and arranged for seven nights’ accommodation in a local motel, as well as providing meals at the Mittagong RSL.

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In addition to feeding evacuees, the RSL has provided over 5,000 hot packaged meals that have been sent to RFS volunteers on fire grounds.

“The council organised a bus from Bowral to come and have a look [at Balmoral],” she said.

“It helped us all because we saw what we were coming back to, but driving in that day was terrible, our mouths were dropping.”


The December bushfire claimed 20 of Balmoral’s 140 houses, including this one across the road from the RFS. (ABC Illawarra: Justin Huntsdale)

She said that amid the devastation, the fire had made one positive impact on the community.

“New people that have moved in haven’t integrated and it’s brought us all together,” she said.

“Every time we see each other it’s a big hug-a-thon.”

Stay across the latest bushfire coverage

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

‘We lost everything’: Couple forced to live out of car with two kids and 13 dogs

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Navigating an evacuation centre can often be challenging, but Sara and Glenn Gardner are doing it tougher than most.

Key points:

  • Sara and Glenn Gardner evacuated to Batemans Bay
  • Mr Gardner said Tuesday’s fires were “hell”
  • Ms Gardner said she has been trying to get help for her dogs without success

The couple’s home in Mogo, on the NSW South Coast, was destroyed in the New Year’s Eve fires.

Since then, they’ve been living out of their car and a swag with their two daughters and 13 dogs.

Their home was one of over 400 destroyed on the South Coast since New Year’s Eve.

Fires tore through the small town of Mogo, destroying numerous buildings.

Eight people have been killed by fires in NSW since New Year’s Eve.

Follow our live blog for updates on bushfires and the evacuations.

Hundreds of animals had to be saved at Mogo Zoo with one staff member taking monkeys and a red panda home.

Ms Gardner said her family had lost everything — except their pets — in the blaze.

“We’ve lost our home, we’ve lost everything except for what we’ve got here, it’s just been horrendous,” she said.

“We’ve got nine dogs with us and four puppies, our two girls and we’ve got our health.”.


This puppy, named Raccoon, is one of the Gardiners’ 13 dogs. (ABC News: Timothy Swanston)

The family is receiving help from the Batemans Bay evacuation centre.

“Stormy and Bear are chained up outside, Lucky stays with us and she roams around the car.

“We’ve got two more dogs in [the car] with four puppies and in the swag over there, there’s two more dogs,” Ms Gardner said.

“There’s one in there with my eldest daughter and one there with my youngest daughter.”


Ms Gardner said her family lost everything except the dogs in the blaze. (ABC News: Timothy Swanston)

Ms Gardner said she was thinking about putting the dogs in a pen to help lift the spirits of other evacuees.

But, she said it’s been difficult getting help with all her animals.

“We’ve been told that there’s assistance out at Moruya, but we’ve also been told that Moruya is being evacuated to here, so we don’t know what’s happening so we’ll just keep the dogs with us,” Ms Gardner said.

Glenn Gardner said Tuesday’s fires were “hell”.

“We were surrounded by fire, I’ve never seen or experienced anything like it,” he said.

“It was horrific, it swept through so fast.

“They’re saying the fire front on Saturday is going to be worse than that, I can’t imagine anything worse.”

RSPCA NSW has urged people not to forget the wellbeing of their pets and other animals.

“If it is uncomfortable for a human to breathe, then it will be uncomfortable for pets too,” Sydney Animal Care Services Manager Sharon Andronicos said.

“If you are home, shut your pets inside the house to limit harm from smoke inhalation and so they are close by to exit with you once the danger has passed.”

More bushfire coverage:

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

We spoke to Black Saturday firefighters after 10 years and they had a simple message


Evocative images of volunteer firefighters fill our newspapers and television screens. As we look with gratitude into their ash-stained faces, we want to see a modern-day hero looking back at us.

But firefighters don’t want us to see heroes, because calling them heroes overstates their ability to control fires and downplays the long-term psychological impacts of fighting fires.

That’s what we’ve learnt after interviewing Black Saturday firefighters 10 years after the tragedy, as part of an ongoing research project exploring the role of memory and commemoration in organisational planning.

As we listen to their recollections of that day, there is no doubt they engaged in heroic acts and need to be remembered for their bravery.

Follow our live blog for updates on bushfires and the evacuations.


As we listen to their recollections of that day, there is no doubt they engaged in heroic acts and need to be remembered for their bravery. (AAP: Andrew Brownbill)

But when we laud firefighters as heroes, we fail to acknowledge the ongoing impact of the fires. As one firefighter told us:

Each year on the Black Saturday anniversary every community group wanted to have a thank you event and they were getting frustrated by the firefighters not turning up.

What they couldn’t understand was what the firefighters were physically and mentally going through at that time.

Memorials do the remembering for us

Government funding for firefighting needs to make provision for counselling services for firefighters dealing with the long-term psychological effects of fighting fires.

Several firefighters talked about “deliberately trying not to remember because it is so difficult”. For others, remembering together was part of the healing process.

Life in Kinglake, 10 years on

After the 10th anniversary, I had a bit of a meltdown. We’d arranged a gathering of that group of people who were very close on the day and I wasn’t going to go. I just had a picture of myself sitting in the corner crying my eyes out all night and it’s the first time that group had come together since the first anniversary and as it turned out it was brilliant.

It was exactly what we needed. It was a very close group of people who had a lot of trust in each other.

Over the past decade, memorials have been erected in communities affected by the Black Saturday fires. But firefighters we spoke to were concerned that creating memorials allowed communities and authorities to relegate the fires and their impact to the past.

Scholars of commemoration have observed that giving monumental form to memory can enable us to divest ourselves of the obligation to remember. It’s as if the memorial does the remembering for us.


Over the past decade, memorials have been erected in communities affected by the Black Saturday fires. (Supplied: Amanda Gibson)

Rather than building memorials, firefighting organisations need to commemorate through forms of collective communing, where knowledge is shared by older, experienced hands with new firefighters.

This communal commemoration could build on the informal forms of commemoration that firefighters told us they prefer — sitting around the fire truck, sharing stories. Staff rides, for instance, a tactical walk retracing the steps of those involved in a major fire, is an effective way of passing on knowledge while also remembering and honouring the work of firefighters.

Making sure it never happens again

Black Saturday firefighters we spoke to urged memorialisation to elicit a call to action.

Memorials do have a profound effect. The Kinglake memorial for me is extremely powerful in terms of reminding us of the scale of the tragedy, the names — I can still picture the faces. It is deeply emotional and powerful.

But how we can translate that powerful emotion into a resilience and a determination to make sure it never happens again?

Firefighters don’t want a roll call of heroes, but for communities to remember the lessons we have learnt from past fires and to ensure they have a bushfire plan and to heed warnings to leave.


Firefighters don’t want a roll call of heroes, but for communities to remember the lessons we have learnt from past fires. (AAP: Joe Castro)

As one firefighter said about the Black Saturday anniversary:

It should have been an opportunity to remind people of the dangers of bushfires and what can happen and the limitations of an organisation like ours, and to use that in a positive way to reinforce future preparedness rather than constantly looking back at the tragedy and not learning anything from it.

It was a national tragedy owned by everybody and we should be able to build up a cultural memory.

Collective memory carries an ethical obligation. In commemorating firefighters as heroes, we can fall into the danger of overstating their ability to control fires, absolving ourselves of responsibility.

Rather than simply valorising and memorialising firefighters as heroes, all levels of governments need to accept responsibility for their role in mitigating future bushfire impacts.

This means ensuring the landscape is managed appropriately, that our firefighters have the resources to fight fires, and that there is effective, science-based climate policy.


Researchers interviewed Black Saturday firefighters ten years after the tragedy. (Simon Mossman: AAP)

Leanne Cutcher is a professor at the University of Sydney Business School. Graham Dwyer is a lecturer at Swinburne University’s Centre for Social Impact, and receives funding from the Swinburne Seed Grant Scheme of which the Country Fire Association are an industry partner. His funding for this project is affiliated with the Social Innovation Research Institute at the Swinburne University of Technology and he has previously received funding from the Bushfire and Natural Hazards Research Co-Operative Research Centre. This article originally appeared on The Conversation.

More bushfire coverage:

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

The NSW Premier says you have to leave the South Coast — here’s what you need to know

North Batemans Bay 2536

As authorities race to prepare for horror bushfire conditions along the NSW South Coast on Saturday, the message being sent to tourists stranded in the area since New Year’s Eve is clear: get out now.

Key points:

  • Fuel shortages have caused delays, but more is being shipped in to help people get on the road
  • People planning to head north from Batemans Bay are being urged to delay their departure, due to road closures
  • Follow NSW Live Traffic for the latest road updates

A “tourist leave zone” has been designated from Batemans Bay down to the Victorian Border, and a state of emergency will be in force from tomorrow.

“We don’t take these decisions lightly but we also want to make sure we’re taking every single precaution to be prepared for what could be a horrible day on Saturday,” NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian said, urging anybody who could leave the area to do so as soon as possible.

But leaving a disaster zone requires patience, care and awareness.

Here’s what you need to know:

Know where you’re going

Escape routes depend on where you are, and you can monitor the latest information at the NSW Live Traffic website.

External Link:

NSW RFS tweet: Tourist leave zone

As has been the case for weeks, the Kings Highway, which connects Batemans Bay to Canberra, remains closed.

No matter your route, authorities have emphasised the need for safe driving on the roads.

Video: People passing through Bega stop to fuel up for the drive away from the fire threat.

(ABC News)

Find petrol, or wait for supplies

Before making the trip, make sure you have enough fuel.

Dwindling supplies have been reported in some parts of the area, including at Tarthra and Bega, which at one point ran out of diesel fuel.

You may not be able to stop along the way to fill up.

Even when there is fuel in stock, power outages have left some petrol stations unable to sell fuel.

Listen to ABC South East NSWAround Batemans Bay, Moruya and Bega, you can tune in to 103.5FM or listen online here.

Massive queues have been spotted outside some service stations, but authorities are urging patience.

NSW Member for Bega Andrew Constance said supplies were being brought in to ensure more people could get away.

“It’s the largest relocation out of the region ever,” he said.

“Fuel is coming into the region, which is great.

“More fuel will come in now the roads are open. Get stocked up in preparation for what is going to be another terrible day on Saturday.”

External Link:

Jade MacMillan tweet: "Traffic jams in Moruya as cars line up for petrol"

Murrays Buses, which usually runs daily services between Canberra and Batemans Bay, and Narooma, has cancelled the service until January 23.

Drive carefully

The roads are busy with traffic, and thick smoke means conditions could be difficult.

Evacuees are being urged to take care on the roads as they make the journey to safety.

Follow our live blog for updates on bushfires and the evacuations.

Use your headlights and do not rush.

If you are concerned about fire activity on your journey you can monitor the NSW Fires Near Me page, if you are not driving and it’s safe to do so.

More bushfire coverage:

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Historic town of Mogo devastated as survivor recalls ‘ferocious’ fires

Mogo 2536

Lorena Granados was alerted at 5:30am on New Year’s Eve. The fire was coming.

“We got a call from a girlfriend to say “we’ve just lost my house, I think the fire’s coming to Mogo’,” she said.

The Clyde Mountain fire had made significant ground over the previous night, and was barrelling down on the historic tourist town with infernal fury.

“I was very sure that we were going to have everyone, the army, the helicopters, the fire brigade preparing to save the houses,” Lorena said.

“There was one fire brigade, there was no water, there was no waterbombing, there was nothing.”

Desperate and determined, she and her husband tried in vain to defend their home and the leathergoods business they had spent 17 years establishing at Mogo, just 10 minutes outside of Batemans Bay on the NSW South Coast.


The leathergoods store at Mogo before the fires struck. (Supplied: Lorena Granados)

But the fire was determined to ravage the town.

“The fire was ferocious, it was angry,” Lorena said.

“We had three fire hoses going at once. The fire was just throwing the water back on us.

“The wind was that strong that as we were throwing the water it was just coming back with fire.

“It was like a demon attacking us.

They felt like ants as the flames towered above them, and when burning embers began to rain down, Lorena realised “there was no chance of beating this beast”.

“When we evacuated there was falling trees, power lines everywhere, still today they’re burning alight,” she said.

“It was a disaster, I would never wish that upon anyone, to go through what we went through yesterday.”

More bushfire coverage:


All that remains of the business after fires tore through Mogo. (Supplied: Lorena Granados)

‘This is the worst experience of my life’

Straddling the Princes Highway, Mogo is a familiar sight to many on the NSW South Coast.

But Tuesday’s fires have changed its shape forever.

In the Batemans Bay and Mogo areas, estimates suggest hundreds of structures having been lost.

Lorena listed business upon business that has been flattened by the fires, and said several homes, including her own, in the nearby Jeremadra had been reduced to rubble.


Much of Mogo’s main street has been razed. (Supplied: Lorena Granados)

“This is the worst experience of my life,” she said.

“I thought we’ll lose the business but we’ll have our home, we never thought that we would go back home and find it a rubble as well.

She said she understood that the Rural Fire Service did its best to fight the fires with the resources it had.

“We just felt so alone,” she said.

“I understand the resources are stretched to the maximum, but I honestly think they should bring the army in, or extra personnel from overseas or something.”

After heading to an evacuation centre, she said her family had time to reflect on the devastation.

See how Wednesday, January 1 unfolded in our live blog

But she also saw how spread resources were when lining up for breakfast.

“All they had was white bread and butter,” she said.

But after so long with such stress, bread and butter tasted like a gourmet meal.

Affected area ‘a war zone’


The Princes Highway through Mogo was once dotted with shops. (Google Maps)

While the town burned, staff at the Mogo Zoo remarkably managed to fight off the blaze, and keep animals safe.

As the chaos slowly eased, the full extent of the damage done to the Batemans Bay area dawned on Lorena.

There is no electricity.

You struggle to get a phone signal.

“We are blocked off … still burning and we’re still in a warzone,” Lorena said.

She said she feared supplies were running low amid a tidal wave of evacuees that had come to Batemans Bay.


Batemans Bay has become a central point for evacuees. (Twitter: Alastair Prior)

Now in emergency accommodation paid for by the Government, Lorena and her family are left to reflect on their losses, and to figure out a way forward.

“Like an organ’s been ripped out of our body. That’s what it feels like,” she said.

“It used to be full of artists, artisans … what you find in Mogo, you won’t find anywhere else.”

Now the community is grappling on whether that creative flair could one day emerge from the ashes of the town.

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

This is how a bushfire can flip a fire truck

Adelaide 5000

Yes, fires can spin. Because having flames, embers and lightning isn’t enough, fires can also generate tornadoes and supercell thunderstorms.

A volunteer firefighter died on Monday when an event “which could only be described as a tornado” picked up and rolled the truck carrying him and two other crew members.

With so few examples, the science behind these rotating fire systems is still being worked out, but there is no denying they are incredibly dangerous.

Spinning fire comes in three rough forms:

  • Fire-whirls – these are relatively small on the ground but can reach hundreds of metres into the air, like a dust devil or willy-willy
  • Fire-generated tornadoes – stronger than fire-whirls, these tornado-strength vortices that form during a fire are commonly known as “firenadoes”
  • Supercell bushfire thunderstorms – the biggest and most dangerous form of fire rotation, when the whole bushfire thunderstorm itself spins

“We know fire-whirls exist, they can be up to a few hundred metres high,” said Nick McCarthy, who studies the interaction of bushfires and thunderstorms at the University of Queensland.

External Link:

Ashley Drummond's video of a spinning fire storm

“But they don’t cause quite the same amount of concern as when the whole fire plume, and potentially thunderstorm, start to rotate.”

Many Australians will be familiar with supercell thunderstorms; the technical term is mesocyclonic (medium-scale rotating storms).

Basically, they are the really big thunderstorms that do huge amounts of damage.

“The worst thunderstorms that happen are the ones that spin,” Mr McCarthy said.

“What happens with a spinning thunderstorm is that the updraft and downdraft can get set up in just the right way where they can survive for really long periods of time.

“In terms of a system, if you think about it like an engine, a thunderstorm is much more efficient when it spins.”

It’s the same reason that spinning a bottle will allow liquid to leave it more quickly — rotation is the most efficient way of transferring heat and energy.


Fire-whirls form when small differences in air pressure encourage rotation and see flames lick up into the sky. (ABC Weather: Kate Doyle)

So when a bushfire thunderstorm or pyro-cumulonimbus cloud starts to spin above a fire, the effects are predictably horrific.

“That causes a really, really rapid feedback mechanism for the combustion reaction and there’s suddenly a whole bunch more fuel that the fire can access because of that spinning motion and can lead to some really destructive impacts,” Mr McCarthy said.

The whole storm might be rotating but that doesn’t mean there’s one vortex.

You can get a supercell bushfire thunderstorm, fire-generated tornadoes and fire-whirls all at the same time (cyclones can also generate tornadoes, but that is a whole other story).

What makes a horror fire danger day?
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Neil Lareau from the University of Nevada, Reno said tornado-strength vortices could form even when there was no bushfire thunderstorm.

But the naming around this is all a bit controversial because a tornado without fire is only called a tornado if it is connected to a thunderstorm.

“In some respects, these vortices connected to the [pyro-cumulonimbus] are what some scientists consider true fire tornadoes, though at some point on the fireground it doesn’t really matter …. the impacts are what matter,” Dr Lareau said.

When bushfire thunderstorms did form, they added to the dynamics of the system and appeared to be linked to some of the most intense known cases of fire-generated tornadoes, he added.

The data isn’t in yet to empirically say whether Monday’s bushfire thunderstorms were rotating, but the anecdotal evidence suggests at least fire-generated tornadoes were present.

What kind of impacts?

Video: Kangaroo Island resident Brenton captured this footage of a "fire twister".

(ABC News)

Picture a tornado or a supercell thunderstorm and then add fire — windows being smashed, roofs getting torn off, trucks being flipped, plus erratic fast-moving fire.

“The ability to defend a house by members of the public or a fire agency is extremely limited, and often really quite dangerous even for the fire agency, if those destructive winds start to occur,” Mr McCarthy said.

“Now add on top of that the component of fire, which means that those erratic winds which we talked about at the start, can start to become a little more organised and makes management extremely difficult.”

When whole firestorms start to spin

Mr McCarthy said two major examples of rotating bushfire thunderstorms were recorded at Canberra in 2003 and California in 2018.

During the infamous Canberra fires, footage was taken of a firenado as well as trees being blown down in line with the rotating winds.

External Link:

A firenado filmed during the 2003 Canberra bushfires

“Similarly, the Carr fire, which occurred in Redding, California, was another example of a rotating bushfire thunderstorm that was able to push much, much further into essentially suburbs than a normal bushfire would have allowed,” he said.

Dr Lareau conducted a study probing the origins of the fire-generated vortex that formed that day.

He said the Carr fire vortex generated surface winds greater than 225kph, destroyed high-tension powerlines and killed a firefighter who was in his truck.

“Like the [NSW] case, the truck was flipped, tossed and rolled off of the road.

“The vortex also contributed to the collapse of a house that led to the death of a grandmother and her grandchildren. It was quite tragic.”

While the Canberra and Carr instances involved bushfires impacting suburbs, Mr McCarthy said the link between supercell bushfire thunderstorms and city strikes was not clear-cut.

It is difficult to draw conclusions with so few examples, especially as there are many factors at play.

“You have to have a very intense fire, plus an atmosphere that could almost support a thunderstorm, plus some mechanism for pushing the fire to rotate one way or the other,” he said.


The Carr wildfires were fuelled by high temperatures, wind and low humidity in the area. (AP: Noah Berger)

“So that might be a little bit of the geometry of the fire that pushes it to rotate one way or it could actually be the rotation of the winds through the atmosphere,” he said.

“We’re still trying to understand how that applies to these bushfires, but essentially a mix of these ingredients we know can cause some of these fires.

“But what we do know is that when they do form the impacts can be really quite dramatic.”

How do you predict when these storms will spin?

It is only from about an hour out that experts can tell if a thunderstorm or bushfire thunderstorm is going to spin, according to Mr McCarthy.

The main tool used is Doppler radar.


Firenadoes are larger-scale vortices that form in connection with bushfire thunderstorms. (ABC Weather: Kate Doyle)

“What that does is allow meteorologists to tell if the air is moving towards or away from [the radar],” he said.

“If you get air that’s going away from you right next to air going towards you, that tells you that there’s a point in there that the air is rotating around.”

Mr McCarthy said there were also some visual indicators but they were only just starting to be understood.

Dr Lareau said, meanwhile, said we have a lot still to learn about fire tornadoes.

“It is likely that a number of different processes are at play, and that those processes can differ from case to case.”

What is clearly understood is these rotating fires can be deadly.

More bushfire coverage:

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

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