Tag: Mr Trump

‘What do we have to lose’: Donald Trump stockpiles anti-malarial drug for coronavirus fight

United States

The US is stockpiling massive doses of an anti-malarial drug hoped to be used to treat coronavirus despite its efficacy remaining unproven.

Key points:

  • The US has ordered 29 million doses of the drug hydroxychloroquine
  • Donald Trump says there are “strong signs” the anti-malarial drug can treat COVID-19
  • The White House coronavirus task force warns evidence of its efficacy is only anecdotal

US President Donald Trump said Washington had bought “a tremendous amount” of hydroxychloroquine, saying there were “very strong signs” it could treat coronavirus.

At a media conference on Sunday, Mr Trump said the US was “very far down the line” on developing vaccines for COVID-19, adding “we’ll see what happens”.

But he said the US had stockpiled 29 million doses of hydroxychloroquine as a potential treatment.

Coronavirus update: Follow the latest news in our daily wrap.

“It’s a powerful drug on malaria and there are signs that it works on this, some very strong signs,” he said.

“I would love to go to a laboratory and spend a couple of years testing something.

“We don’t have time, we don’t have two hours because people are dying.

Stay up-to-date on the coronavirus outbreak

“If it does help great. If it doesn’t help, we gave it a shot. What really do we have to lose?”

Video: Donald Trump says there are strong strong signs hydroxychloroquine can treat COVID-19.

(ABC News)

Mr Trump has previously hailed a French study suggesting hydroxychloroquine plus azithromycin, a common antibiotic, might be an effective treatment for COVID-19.

But he told reporters he was not promoting hydroxychloroquine, saying: “It may work, it may not.”

He said it would be a shame “if we didn’t turn to these drugs early, if it turns out they are helpful”.

Your questions on coronavirus answered:

Last month, the World Health Organisation announced a mass global trial of four promising treatments, including hydroxychloroquine.

But there have been warnings that there is still much work to be done testing potential cures.

Anthony Fauci, who is part of the White House coronavirus task force, has reminded people that there is only “anecdotal” evidence of hydroxychloroquine being effective against coronavirus.

The drug has major potential side effects, especially for the heart, and large studies are underway to see if it is safe and effective for treating COVID-19.

For most people, the virus causes mild or moderate symptoms, such as a fever and a cough that clear up in two to three weeks.

Coronavirus questions answered
Breaking down the latest news and research to understand how the world is living through an epidemic, this is the ABC’s Coronacast podcast.

For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can cause more severe illness and death.

White House medical experts have forecast that between 100,000 to 240,000 Americans could die in the pandemic.

At the weekend, there were warnings the US faced a critical week in the coronavirus pandemic, with the US surgeon-general Jerome Adams telling Americans to brace for a Pearl Harbour or 9/11 moment.

But during the latest press briefing, the Mr Trump expressed hope the country was seeing a “levelling off” in some of the nation’s coronavirus hotspots, saying Americans were starting to see “the light at the end of the tunnel”.

New York, the hardest-hit state, reported on Sunday that for the first time in a week, deaths had fallen slightly from the day before, but there were still nearly 600 new fatalities and more than 7,300 new cases.

Research teams around the world are scrambling to develop a COVID-19 vaccine, including in Australia.

What the experts are saying about coronavirus:

Video: Norman Swan looks at the Federal Government's coronavirus modelling



Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

In a health, economic and electoral quandary, Trump backflips on coronavirus again

United States

If a week is a long time in politics, it’s an eternity during a pandemic.

Last week, this column described Donald Trump as a changed man: factual, decisive, upfront.

It seems the transformation was temporary.

This week, the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson turned the health policy equivalent of the Titanic around.

Coronavirus update: Follow all the latest news in our daily wrap

He ordered his nation to hide in their homes after his advisers initially suggested “herd immunity” would see them through.

Over the same short period of time, Mr Trump was doing his second U-turn in as many weeks.

He suggested Americans could be set free and attending “packed churches all over the country” on Easter Sunday.

External Link:

@TVNewsHQ Watch: President @realDonaldTrump tells Fox News Town Hall he would “love to have the country back up and running by Easter.”

Indeed, on the very day the World Health Organisation warned America it could soon become the global epicentre of the pandemic, Mr Trump pushed for the US economy to be “opened up and raring to go” in just over two weeks.

“Our people are full of vim and vigour and energy,” he told Fox News viewers.

“They don’t want to be locked into a house or an apartment or some space. It’s not for our country. We’re not built that way.”

Larry Brilliant, a veteran of the eradication of smallpox, told the New York Times ending the lockdown so early would be “an error of epic proportions”.

External Link:

@stuartathompson Trump wants everyone mingling by Easter.

Modelling suggests a nationwide lifting of restrictions by Easter would see 118 million Americans infected by October, resulting in more than 1.2 million dead.

That doesn’t take into account the complete breakdown of the health system that would occur, increasing the mortality rate substantially.

Stay up-to-date on the coronavirus outbreak

Mr Trump insists the health of American citizens is forefront in his mind.


While Mr Trump says he wants packed churches by Easter, most priests are sticking to drive-through confessions for the foreseeable future. (Reuters: Tom Brenner)

And his own White House advisers have watered down the suggestion of a nationwide lifting of restrictions.

Instead they’re suggesting it could be possible in pockets where infection rates are low — and only if much better data becomes available through widespread testing.

But the President has fallen back on misleading comparisons with the flu and fatal car crashes.

External Link:

@realDonaldTrump The LameStream Media is the dominant force in trying to get me to keep our Country closed

It seems keeping Americans alive during the most dangerous pandemic in a century isn’t the only thing Donald Trump has to consider.

Coronavirus has become a partisan issue

A national Gallop poll last week showed 73 per cent of Democrats feared exposure to the coronavirus, compared with just 42 per cent of Republicans — a whopping 31 per cent difference.

That could be partly attributed to the misinformation initially pedalled by Fox News, which leans heavily toward the Republican side of politics.

But it probably has more to do with geography.


A locked-down playground in Washington, one of the US states hardest hit by the pandemic. (Reuters: Lindsey Wasson)

The early stages of the outbreak have had a much heavier impact in Democrat-leaning states like New York, Washington and California.

As the Atlantic points out, Republican-leaning states have displayed noticeably less urgency about the outbreak because most of them haven’t been seriously impacted … yet.

Coronavirus questions answered
Breaking down the latest news and research to understand how the world is living through an epidemic, this is the ABC’s Coronacast podcast.

Republican governors and members of Congress have been urging the President to put the economy first.

“We don’t shut down our economy because tens of thousands of people die on the highways,” said Republican senator Ron Johnson.

“Getting coronavirus is not a death sentence except for maybe no more than 3.4 per cent of our population [and] I think probably far less.”

Three-point-four per cent of America’s population is 11 million people.

Despite his apparent willingness to accept those deaths, the Senator is right about one thing: the impact on the economy can’t be ignored.

Americans are facing economic peril

In the past fortnight, unemployment insurance claims in the United States have jumped 1,500 per cent.

That’s not a typo.

External Link:

@MattGarrahan Thirty years of unemployment claims in the US

More than 3 million Americans filed new unemployment claims last week.

That’s nearly five times the highest level of claims seen during the global financial crisis of 2007.

As the world fixates on Wall Street’s daily convulsions, the broader economy of the richest and most powerful nation on Earth is crumbling before our eyes.

Your questions on coronavirus answered:

It’s a prelude of what might be coming for Australia, which has been about 10 days behind America in terms of city-wide shutdowns, according to data from mobility apps like Citymapper.

The instantaneous loss of income is frightening for anyone and especially so in a nation where around half of American families claim to be living paycheque to paycheque.


With schools closed, students who rely on free lunches are now relying on donations from teachers and volunteers for meals. (Reuters: Kevin Lamarque)

The US Senate has now passed the biggest economic rescue package in history.

Worth $US2.2 trillion ($3.6 trillion), it’s worth half the entire annual budget of the United States and about 10 per cent of America’s annual entire economic output.

And here’s the thing: it’s not aimed at stimulating growth.

Mailing $4,000 cheques to millions of families and significantly boosting existing unemployment benefits is primarily aimed at staving off homelessness and hunger.

Anger too.

What the experts are saying about coronavirus:

The unprecedented support for business large and small, had to come with something for workers and the unemployed.

Bailouts for business but not workers in the wake of the 2007 global financial crisis helped give rise to the Tea Party on the right, which fell in behind Trump.

It also inspired the occupy Wall Street movement, which helped bolster support for Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders.

That seething anger remains in the hearts of millions of Americans.


Republican senator Richard Burr dumped stocks in hospitality businesses while receiving private coronavirus briefings. (Reuters: Jonathan Ernst)

And it can’t have been soothed by news that Republican senator Richard Burr, head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, dumped up to $US1.72 million in stocks in mid-February, while receiving daily briefings about the coronavirus threat.

External Link:

@SenatorBurr My statement in response to reports about recent financial disclosures:

He’d previously expressed confidence in the country’s preparedness for a COVID-19 outbreak.

The President has the power to foment or contain unrest

Standing in the corner of the Oval Office, there’s an elephant armed with an AR-15.

The threat of a social unrest is very real in the minds of American policy makers and police chiefs.

An angry nation, heavily armed and cooped up through summer without income, is a dangerous proposition if there’s any real sense of scarcity on the streets.

Look what happened in New Orleans in the days after Hurricane Katrina when a slow emergency response left thousands trapped with little food or water.


The slow response to the humanitarian disaster unfolding in New Orleans in 2005 caused tension between locals and authorities. (Reuters: Jason Reed)

Now the entire state of Louisiana is facing a new and potentially more serious disaster, recording per-capita the third highest rates of COVID-19 infection in the country, behind New York and Washington state.

In Louisiana, poverty is rife, the quality of healthcare is among the worst in America and levels of immune-compromising HIV are high.

Nationwide, the fear of looting, or worse, must be forefront in the minds of the President’s security advisers as they watch lines at gun shops stretch around the block and businesses boarding up their shopfronts.


Gun shops in the US have reported a boom in sales as panic spreads over the coronavirus pandemic. (Reuters: Patrick Fallon)

Perhaps that’s why members of Congress started discussing the next economic rescue package even before this week’s record-breaking stimulus was out the door.

And perhaps that’s part of the reason the US President insists the coronavirus cure, involving months of social distancing accompanied by economic collapse, can’t be allowed to be worse than the problem itself.

Video: Scott Morrison announces moves to reduce public gatherings to no more than two people

(ABC News)

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

‘We have a deal’: US Congress reaches agreement on $US2 trillion coronavirus stimulus package

United States

US senators and the Trump administration have struck an agreement on a sweeping $US2 trillion ($3.3 trillion) package to aid workers, businesses and a healthcare system strained by the coronavirus pandemic.

Key points:

  • The package was expected to include funding for hard-hit industries and direct payments for families
  • Donald Trump has said he would like the country to reopen by Easter
  • The US has recorded more than 660 COVID-19 deaths

Top White House aide Eric Ueland announced the agreement in a Capitol hallway shortly after midnight (local time).

The agreement came after days of often intense haggling and mounting pressure.

“Ladies and gentlemen, we are done. We have a deal,” Mr Ueland said.

The package is expected to include a $US500 billion fund to help hard-hit industries and a comparable amount for direct payments of up to $US3,000 to millions of US families.

Coronavirus questions answered
Breaking down the latest news and research to understand how the world is living through an epidemic, this is the ABC’s Coronacast podcast.

It will also include $US350 billion for small-business loans, $US250 billion for expanded unemployment aid and $US75 billion for hospitals.

It aims to combat what Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has called “the most serious threat to Americans’ health in over a century and quite likely the greatest risk to America’s jobs and prosperity that we’ve seen since the Great Depression”.

COVID-19 has killed more than 660 people in the US and infected more than 55,000.

The pandemic has shuttered thousands of businesses, left millions out of work and led states to order 100 million people — nearly a third of the population — to stay at home.

The money in the stimulus legislation exceeds what the US Government spends on national defence, scientific research, highway construction and other discretionary programs.


COVID-19 has killed more than 660 people in the US and infected more than 55,000. (Reuters: Andrew Kelly)

Coronavirus update: Follow all the latest news in our daily wrap

Trump wants to reopen US by Easter

Yet even as the public-health crisis deepened, US President Donald Trump expressed eagerness to nudge many people back to work in the coming weeks, suggested the country could be returning to normal in less than a month.

“We have to go back to work much sooner than people thought,” Mr Trump told a Fox News town hall.

Your questions on coronavirus answered:

He said he would like to have the country “opened up and just raring to go” by Easter on April 12.

But in a White House briefing later, Mr Trump said “our decision will be based on hard facts and data”.


Donald Trump said he would like to see the US reopen by Easter. (Reuters: Carlos Barria)

Medical professionals say physical distancing needs to be stepped up, not relaxed, to slow the spread of infections.

Stay up-to-date on the coronavirus outbreak

At the White House briefing, public health authorities said it was particularly important for people in the hard-hit New York City metropolitan area to quarantine themselves for 14 days, and for those who had recently left the city to do the same.

Anthony Fauci, the Government’s top infectious disease expert: “No-one is going to want to tone down anything when you see what is going on in a place like New York City.”

‘Approve the deal without all the nonsense’

Ravaged in recent days, US stocks rocketed as negotiators signalled a resolution was in sight.

External Link:

@realDonaldTrump Congress must approve the deal, without all of the nonsense, today. The longer it takes, the harder it will be to start up our economy. Our workers will be hurt!

Opening the Senate on Tuesday, Mr McConnell combined optimism about the chances for a deal with frustration at the delays — and a sober view of the crisis at hand.

“The urgency and the gravity of this moment cannot be lost on anyone,” he said.

Earlier on Tuesday, Mr Trump urged swift action.

“Congress must approve the deal, without all of the nonsense, today,” he tweeted.

“The longer it takes, the harder it will be to start up our economy.”

Video: Q+A: Coronavirus testing criteria slammed

(ABC News)


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Donald Trump invokes wartime powers to fight ‘enemy’ coronavirus

United States

The US is invoking a wartime law to step up production of desperately needed medical equipment to battle the coronavirus pandemic.

Key points:

  • The law allows the President to order factories to make more ventilators, masks and other medical equipment
  • Mr Trump said an estimate that America’s unemployment rate could hit 20 per cent was a “total worst-case scenario”
  • The US-Mexico border will not close, but will be stringently monitored

Scrambling to address the virus after initially playing it down as markets continued to tumble, President Donald Trump said he was invoking the Defence Production Act.

It puts in place a law that will allow the US Government to speed up the production of masks, respirators, ventilators and other needed equipment.

“We’re going to defeat the invisible enemy,” said Mr Trump, who said the unfolding crisis had basically made him a “wartime President.”

But as fears of the virus’s economic impact mounted, Mr Trump described an estimate that America’s unemployment rate could reach 20 per cent as a worst-case scenario.

Mr Trump said he would invoke another law that would allow authorities to turn back migrants seeking to cross the southern border of the US illegally.

The border would not be closed, he added.


The US has seen a spike in coronavirus infections this week, with all 50 states now reporting cases. (AP: Mary Altaffer)

“No, we’re not going to close it, but we are invoking a certain provision that will allow us great latitude as to what we do,” he said.

Mr Trump has made stemming the flow of migrants across the border with Mexico a central pillar of his presidency and has poured billions of dollars into building a border wall that is far from completed.

Coronavirus update: Follow all the latest news in our daily wrap

Immigrant rights groups have slammed the idea of mass returns of foreign nationals to Mexico.

Trump defends calling COVID-19 ‘the Chinese virus’

On Wednesday, Mr Trump defended his description of COVID-19 as “the Chinese virus”, despite concerns among some Americans that he was making an ethnic slur.

“It’s not racist, not at all. It comes from China,” Mr Trump said of the illness, which originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan.

Coronavirus questions answered
Breaking down the latest news and research to understand how the world is living through an epidemic, this is the ABC’s Coronacast.

But the term has angered Chinese officials and a wide range of critics, and China experts said labelling the virus that way could increase tensions between the two countries.

“Shifting the blame to China will not help combat the epidemic in the US,” China’s Foreign Affairs Ministry spokesperson GENG Shuang said at a press briefing on Thursday.

“The US should get its domestic issues handled first.”

Mr Trump said a hospital ship would be sent to hard-hit New York to help people affected by the contagion, and that a second hospital ship would be deployed on the west coast.

The Defence Production Act, which dates back to the Korean War of the 1950s, grants the president broad authority to “expedite and expand the supply of resources from the US industrial base”.

This allows support for military, energy, space, and homeland security programs, according to a summary on the Federal Emergency Management Agency website.

“We will be invoking the Defence Production Act just in case we need it,” said Mr Trump.

20 per cent unemployment ‘worst-case’ scenario

US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin fanned fears of economic collapse on Wednesday by telling politicians on Capitol Hill that 20 per cent unemployment was an extreme possibility should the virus have devastating effects on American businesses, many of which are already under duress.

“That’s an absolute total worst-case scenario,” said Mr Trump.

“We’re nowhere near it.”

US Vice-President Mike Pence, head of the coronavirus task force, urged all Americans to put off elective surgery to allow hospitals to concentrate on the rising influx of patients with the COVID-19 respiratory illness caused by the new virus.

Stay up-to-date on the coronavirus outbreak

Deborah Birx, a member of the task force, urged young people to adhere to government guidelines, calling for a 15-day effort to slow the spread of the virus.

Young people are considered key transmitters of the virus, which can be passed along even with mild or no symptoms.

Video: Question of whether to close schools divides medical experts

(ABC News)


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Donald Trump not tested for coronavirus despite Republican politicians’ self-quarantine

United States

United States President Donald Trump has not been tested for the coronavirus, the White House said, despite a number of Republicans announcing they were going into self-quarantine.

Key points:

  • Mr Trump does not have any coronavirus symptoms, the White House says
  • He announced a possible economic relief to remedy the impact of the virus
  • Mr Trump’s incoming chief of staff, Mark Meadows, will also self-quarantine

United States senator Ted Cruz and House Representatives Paul Gosar, Doug Collins and Matt Gaetz have announced they will self-quarantine after attending a conservative political conference where an attendee later tested positive.

Mr Trump and Vice-President Mike Pence also attended the conference.

Mr Gaetz travelled with Mr Trump aboard Air Force One and Mr Trump also reportedly shook hands with Mr Collins.

“Thank you for everyone’s well-wishes and concerns … I should have the COVID-19 test results back tomorrow. Health officials maintain the risk to people I have been in contact with remains low,” Mr Gaetz tweeted.

External Link:

@RepMattGaetz Congressman Gaetz was informed today that he came into contact with a CPAC attendee 11 days ago who tested positive for COVID-19.

Mr Cruz also released a public statement through Twitter explaining his encounter with the individual who tested positive, saying the interaction was “a brief conversation and a handshake”.

External Link:

@SenTedCruz Today I released the following statement

He said he decided to remain home in Texas this week until a full 14 days have passed since the interaction out of “an abundance of caution”.

Republican Representative Mark Meadows, Mr Trump’s incoming chief of staff, will also self-quarantine until Wednesday, a spokesperson said.

The White House said there was no indication Mr Trump and Mr Pence came into contact with the infected attendee, and Mr Pence said the risk of the American public contracting the new virus “remains low”.

“The President has not received COVID-19 testing because he has neither had prolonged close contact with any known confirmed COVID-19 patients, nor does he have any symptoms,” a White House spokesperson said.

“President Trump remains in excellent health, and his physician will continue to closely monitor him.”

‘Major’ steps to prepare economy against coronavirus impact: Trump


Mr Trump and Mr Pence attended the conference where an attendee tested positive for the coronavirus. (AP: Carolyn Kaster)

The Trump administration scrambled on Monday to assure Americans it was responding to a growing coronavirus outbreak as stock markets plunged and top health officials urged some people to avoid cruise ships, air travel and big public gatherings.

Mr Trump, who has repeatedly played down the threat posed by the flu-like virus sweeping the globe, said he will be taking “major” steps to gird the economy against the impact of the spreading coronavirus outbreak and will discuss a payroll tax cut with congressional Republicans.

“We’ll be discussing a possible payroll tax cut or relief, substantial relief, very substantial relief, that’s a big number,” Mr Trump told reporters.

External Link:

@RepMattGaetz Reviewing the coronavirus supplemental appropriation and preparing to go vote.

Paid sick leave is among policy steps being considered, the official said on condition of anonymity.

White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow advocates specific tax credits, loans or direct subsidies to certain industries or hard-hit areas.

A payroll tax cut could encourage consumer spending and help households that might otherwise struggle to make rent and mortgage payments on time or pay medical bills if family members’ work hours are reduced during a coronavirus outbreak.

Coronavirus questions answered
Breaking down the latest news and research to understand how the world is living through an epidemic, this is the ABC’s Coronacast.

Democratic candidates Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders said they’re consulting with public health experts to plan their next campaign moves.

Senator Sanders cancelled a major rally because of the outbreak and Mr Biden told US media that he would consider doing the same if health authorities said it was necessary.

Mr Biden held a rally in Detroit on Monday and passed out hand sanitiser to attendees and the media.

Florida health officials said everyone returning from China, Iran, South Korea and Italy must isolate for 14 days while travellers from other countries affected by the outbreak should monitor their health.

The number of confirmed US cases reached 605, with 22 deaths, according to the running national tally kept by the Johns Hopkins University.

Thirty-four US states and the District of Columbia have reported to the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) infections of the respiratory illness COVID-19 that can lead to pneumonia.

A nursing home the hardest hit place in US


The dizzying action in financial markets escalated as stocks and oil prices fell. (AP: Mark Lennihan)

As worries over the virus deepened, the Dow Jones fell a record 2,000 points when trading opened and the S&P 500 posted its largest single-day percentage drop since December 2008, the depths of the financial crisis. A plunge in oil prices contributed to fears of a looming recession.

Coronavirus update: Follow all the latest news in our daily wrap

Mr Trump, who often points to the stock market as a gauge of his economic record, criticised news media organisations’ coverage of the outbreak in a tweet and accused Democrats of hyping the situation “far beyond what the facts would warrant”.

Rate cuts can’t cure COVID-19
Reserve Bank interest rate cuts will do little to keep Australia out of a deep recession if coronavirus becomes a severe pandemic, but there are some unconventional policies that could help save the economy.

The CDC advised colleges and universities to consider asking students studying abroad to return home and cancel or postpone upcoming travel.

Several US universities were either moving to virtual instruction or considering the step and limiting gatherings on their campuses.

The hardest-hit place in the United States has been a nursing home in the suburb of Kirkland in the Washington state capital of Seattle, and the state is considering mandatory measures such as banning large gatherings, but not necessarily imposing massive quarantines.

The Life Care Center facility has accounted for most of the 18 confirmed coronavirus-related deaths in Washington state.


The crew of 1,100 from the Grand Princess will be quarantined and treated aboard the ship. (AP: Noah Berger)

In California, officials planned to offload 2,400 passengers from the Grand Princess cruise ship, which was barred from returning to San Francisco last week due to a coronavirus outbreak on board.

The coronavirus emergency plan has been activated
The Australian Government has pulled the trigger on its emergency response plan and is now operating on the basis the virus is a pandemic. Here’s what that means.

Most of the passengers will go into quarantine at four military bases across the country, with those requiring immediate medical attention heading to hospitals.

The crew of 1,100 will be quarantined and treated aboard the ship unless they need acute care.

California has more than 100 confirmed cases, while on the East Coast, New York state now has 142, Governor Andrew Cuomo said.

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio asked employers in the nation’s most populous city to consider staggering workers’ start times to ease crowding on public transport and to allow more telecommuting where possible.


Video: A coronavirus reality check from Dr Norman Swan


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Death toll rises to 22 in New Delhi clashes between Hindus and Muslims during Trump visit


At least 22 people have been killed in three days of clashes in New Delhi — that began during US President Donald Trump’s first state visit to India — and the death toll is expected to rise, authorities say.

Key points:

  • The new law makes it easier for non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh to become citizens
  • Mobs beat people in the street and many of the injured were treated for bullet wounds
  • Witnesses saw both Hindus and Muslims being treated in hospital

Unrest over the new law began in December but the latest deadly clashes were the worst the capital has seen in decades.

Earlier, an official at Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital in New Delhi said 13 people had died there and more than 150 injured people, many of them with bullet wounds, had been treated.

India’s capital has been a focus of unrest against the Citizenship Amendment Act, which makes it easier for non-Muslims from three neighbouring Muslim-dominated countries to gain Indian citizenship.

India’s protests explained Protests over a controversial new federal citizenship law on minorities in India are creating chaos across several Indian cities, but what will it mean for the future of the country?

Under the law, religious minorities such as Hindus and Christians in neighbouring Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan, who have settled in India prior to 2015, will have the opportunity to become Indian citizens on the grounds that they have faced persecution in those countries.

On Tuesday clashes took place in multiple areas of north-east Delhi, just kilometres away from where US President Donald Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi met for talks.

India’s Junior Home Minister G Kishan Reddy told Asian News International the violence was “a conspiracy to defame India”, at a time when Mr Trump was visiting the country.

Mr Trump told reporters he had heard about the unrest but did not discuss it with Mr Modi.


US President Donald Trump didn’t comment on the new citizenship law after his talks with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. (Reuters: Adnan Abidi)

He declined to comment on the new law.

“I don’t want to discuss that. I want to leave that to India, and hopefully they’re going to make the right decision for the people.”

In a separate speech on Monday, Mr Trump had praised India as a tolerant country.

“India is a country that proudly embraces freedom, liberty, individual rights, the rule of law and the dignity of every human being,” he told a rally of over 100,000 people in Mr Modi’s home state of Gujarat.

“Your unity is an inspiration to the world.”

‘The situation is very grim’


A car burns during the clashes in New Delhi. (AP: Dinesh Joshi)

Local TV channels showed huge clouds of smoke billowing from a tyre market that had been set ablaze, and witnesses saw mobs wielding sticks and stones walking down streets, and stones being thrown.

“We have no weapons, but they are firing at us,” said Mohammad Shakir, a demonstrator opposed to the law.

“This BJP is targeting Muslims. They want to turn India into a Hindu country.”

ABC correspondent James Oaten said Muslims were now leaving affected suburbs because they no longer felt safe.

The Hindu-nationalist BJP denies any bias against India’s more than 180 million Muslims.

An AP reporter saw a group of protesting Hindus shouting praise for Hindu gods and goddesses. Police fired tear gas to disperse them and a group of Muslims.


One police officer died after being hit by rocks. (ABC News: James Oaten)

Witnesses at a local hospital spoke with both Hindu and Muslim victims who were injured in the violence on Tuesday.

Victims on both sides of the violence had suffered bullet wounds, and many had visible injuries on their heads and bodies.

External Link:

@Nidhi Two of my colleagues @arvindgunasekar and @saurabhshukla_s were badly beaten by a mob just now in Delhi, they only stopped beating them after realising they are “our people- Hindus”. Absolutely despicable.

A fire department official said his teams were responding to more than a dozen calls over arson attacks, despite emergency measures prohibiting any gatherings in the violence-hit areas.

“We have sought police protection as our vehicles are being blocked from entering the affected areas. The situation is very grim,” Delhi Fire Department director Atul Garg said.

Joint commissioner of police Alok Kumar said about 3,500 police and paramilitary officers had been deployed.

Police fired teargas and pellets to scatter demonstrators protesting against the citizenship law in the Jafrabad neighbourhood of north-east Delhi on Tuesday.

One police officer was killed in the violence after he was hit by rocks, Mr Kumar said.

Eleven other officers were injured by rocks as they tried to separate rival groups.

In New Jafrabad, residents patrolled the street with sticks and metal rods.

Two reporters with the local NDTV news channel were attacked and badly beaten by a mob.

Schools and multiple metro stations shut


A man is beaten on the streets of New Delhi during clashes over the citizenship law. (Reuters: Danish Siddiqui)

On Monday police had used tear gas and smoke grenades but struggled to disperse stone-throwing crowds who tore down metal barricades and torched vehicles and a petrol pump.

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal appealed for calm.

“Whatever problems people have can be resolved peacefully. Violence will not help find a solution,” he said.

India’s Home Minister Amit Shah, who met local officials on Tuesday, urged political parties to avoid provocative speeches that could inflame protesters.


Schools in the north-east of the city were shut on Tuesday and at least five metro stations were closed. (ABC News: James Oaten)

But, on Tuesday, after police cleared an anti-government protest site in north-east Delhi, BL Santosh, a leader from Mr Shah’s party, called for a harsh response.

“The game starts now. Rioters need to be taught a lesson or two of Indian laws,” he said in a tweet.

Schools in the north-east of the city were shut on Tuesday and at least five metro stations closed.

An announcement over a mosque loudspeaker urged protesters to stay non-violent and not to attempt to cross police barricades.

“We don’t have a problem with the police, we are against the Government’s law,” the announcer said.


Muslims are now leaving the affected suburbs as they no longer feel safe. (ABC News: James Oaten)


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Trump to place new visa restrictions on immigrants from six African and Asian nations

United States

The United States has announced a plan to curb legal immigration from six additional countries that officials say do not meet the country’s security standards as part of an election-year push to further restrict immigration.

Key points:

  • Immigrants from Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania will face new restrictions in obtaining certain US visas
  • The restrictions do not go as far as Mr Trump’s travel ban which suspended travel from several Muslim majority countries
  • Immigration was a signature issue in Mr Trump’s successful 2016 election campaign

US Homeland Security officials said immigrants from Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania will face new restrictions in obtaining certain visas to come to the United States.

But it is not a total travel ban, unlike President Donald Trump’s earlier effort that generated outrage around the world for unfairly targeting Muslims.

Mr Trump was expected to sign a proclamation on the restrictions in the coming days and the restrictions would go into effect on February 21.

The announcement comes as Mr Trump tries to promote his administration’s crackdown on immigration, highlighting a signature issue that motivated his supporters in 2016 and hoping it has the same effect in this November’s presidential election.

The Trump administration recently announced a crackdown on ‘birth tourism’ and is noting the sharp decline in crossings at the US-Mexico border and citing progress on building the border wall.

Immigrant visas, the type of visa given to people seeking to live in the US permanently, were restricted for Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Eritrea, Nigeria. They include visas for people sponsored by family members or employers as well as the diversity visa program.


The US Supreme court upheld Mr Trump’s travel ban in 2018. (Reuters: Leah Millis )

The US will also stop granting diversity visas, commonly known as the ‘green card lottery’, to people in Sudan and Tanzania. The State Department uses a digital lottery to select people from around the world for up to 55,000 diversity visas.

Non-immigrant visas, which are given to people travelling to the US for a temporary stay, are not affected. These visas include those for tourists, those doing business or people seeking medical treatment.


Opponents argue Mr Trump seeks to target Muslim-majority countries. (Reuters: James Lawler Duggan)

Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf said officials would work with the countries on bolstering their security requirements to help them get off the list.

“These countries, for the most part, want to be helpful, they want to do the right thing, they have relationships with the US, but for a variety of different reasons failed to meet those minimum requirements,” Mr Wolf said.

Rumours swirled for weeks about a potential new ban, and initially, Belarus was considered.

But Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was headed to the Eastern European nation as the restrictions were released and Belarus was not on the list.

Mr Wolf said some nations were able to comply with the new standards in time.

Critics argued travel ban targeted Muslim countries

The current restrictions follow Mr Trump’s travel ban, which the Supreme Court upheld as lawful in 2018.

Mexican migrants in limbo
Donald Trump’s tough stance on illegal immigration has left thousands stranded in Tijuana.

They do not go as far as Mr Trump’s initial ban, which had suspended travel from Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen for 90 days, blocked refugee admissions for 120 days, and suspended travel from Syria.

The Government suspended most immigrant and non-immigrant visas to applicants from those countries.

Mr Trump has said a travel ban is necessary to protect Americans.

But opponents have argued that he seeks to target Muslim countries, pointing to comments he made as a candidate in 2015 calling for a “total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country’s representatives can figure out what is going on”.

The seven countries with considerably more restrictions include nations with little or no diplomatic relationship to the US.

They include five majority-Muslim nations: Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen. Sudan and Kyrgyzstan are majority-Muslim countries.


Donald Trump’s travel ban sparked widespread protests. (AP: C M Guerrero)

Nigeria is about evenly split between Christians and Muslims but has the world’s fifth-largest population of Muslims, according to the Pew Research Centre.

Mr Wolf said immigrant visas were chosen because people with those visas were the most difficult to remove after arriving in the United States.


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Phase one of US-China trade deal signed

United States

The United States and China have announced an initial trade deal that will roll back some tariffs and boost Chinese purchases of US goods and services, defusing an 18-month conflict between the world’s two largest economies.

Key points:

  • The centrepiece of the deal is a pledge by China to purchase an additional $US200 billion of US farm products and other goods
  • Mr Trump said China would buy $US40-50 billion in additional US services and $US75 billion more in manufacturing goods
  • The deal fails to address many of the structural differences that led the Trump administration to start the trade war

Beijing and Washington portrayed their “Phase 1” agreement as a momentous step on Wednesday (local time) after months of start-stop talks punctuated by tit-for-tat tariffs that uprooted supply chains and stoked fears of a further slowdown in the global economy.

“Together we are righting the wrongs of the past and delivering a future of economic justice and security for American workers, farmers and families,” US President Donald Trump said as he touted the deal at the White House alongside Chinese Vice Premier Liu He and other officials.

The US-China trade deal is more of a ceasefire
Questions remain as to how Donald Trump’s US-China trade deal will affect the global economy.

The centrepiece of the deal is a pledge by China to purchase at least an additional $US200 billion ($290 billion) of US farm products and other goods and services over two years, over a baseline of $US186 billion in purchases in 2017.

The deal would include $US50 billion in additional orders for US agricultural products, Mr Trump said, adding he was confident that US farmers would be able to meet the greater demand.

He also said China would buy $US40 billion to $US50 billion in additional US services, $US75 billion more in manufacturing goods, and $US50 billion more of energy supplies.

Officials from both countries have touted the deal as ushering in a new era for US-Sino relations, but it fails to address many of the structural differences that led the Trump administration to start the trade war.

These differences include Beijing’s long-standing practice of propping up state-owned companies, and flooding international markets with low-priced goods.

Trump’s trade wars The US-China trade war has been dominating headlines, but Beijing is not the only trading partner in President Donald Trump’s crosshairs.

Mr Trump, who has embraced an “America First” policy aimed at rebalancing global trade in favour of US companies and workers, said China had pledged action to confront the problem of pirated or counterfeited goods, and that the deal included strong protection of intellectual property rights.

Chinese President Xi Jinping told Mr Donald Trump in a letter, read by Chinese Vice Premier Liu He at the signing of the deal in Washington, that he welcomes the Phase 1 trade deal reached with the US.

Mr Xi also told Mr Trump in the letter that he is willing to stay in close touch with the American leader and that the agreement shows how the two countries can resolve their differences and find solutions based on dialogue.

Meanwhile, Charles Schumer the Senate Minority Leader, slammed the news of the trade deal saying it “does next to nothing of substance for workers feeling the brutal, merciless weight of China’s trade and industrial abuse.”

Mr Schumer added: “I greatly fear that President Xi is laughing at us behind our backs for having given away so little at the expense of American workers, farmers and businesses.”

‘Radical shift in Chinese spending unlikely’

Earlier, top White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow told Fox News the agreement would add 0.5 percentage points to US gross domestic product growth in both 2020 and 2021.


Officials from both countries have touted the deal as ushering in a new era for US-Sino relations. (AP: Steve Helber)

But some analysts have expressed scepticism it will set US-China trade on a new trajectory.

“I find a radical shift in Chinese spending unlikely. I have low expectations for meeting stated goals,” said Jim Paulsen, chief investment strategist at Leuthold Group in Minneapolis.

“But I do think the whole negotiation has moved the football forward for both the US and China.”

The deal doesn’t end retaliatory tariffs on American farm exports, makes farmers “increasingly reliant” on Chinese state-controlled purchases, and doesn’t address “big structural changes,” Michelle Erickson-Jones, a wheat farmer and spokeswoman for Farmers for Free Trade, said in a statement.

What next in the US-China trade fight?
The US has now declared China is a “currency manipulator” — but what does that mean and what effect will it have on the trade war?

The Phase 1 deal, reached in December, cancelled planned US tariffs on Chinese-made cell-phones, toys and laptop computers and halved the tariff rate to 7.5 per cent on about $US120 billion worth of other Chinese goods, including flat panel televisions, Bluetooth headphones and footwear.

But it will leave in place 25 per cent tariffs on a vast, $US250 billion array of Chinese industrial goods and components used by US manufacturers, and China’s retaliatory tariffs on over $US100 billion in US goods.

Market turmoil and reduced investment tied to the trade war cut global growth in 2019 to its lowest rate since the 2008-2009 financial crisis, the International Monetary Fund said in October.

Tariffs on Chinese imports have cost US companies $US46 billion. Evidence is mounting that tariffs have raised input costs for US manufacturers, eroding their competitiveness.

Mr Trump, who has been touting the Phase 1 deal as a pillar of his 2020 re-election campaign said he would agree to remove the remaining tariffs once the two sides had negotiated a “Phase 2” agreement.

He added that those negotiations would start soon.

He also said he would visit China in the not-too-distant future.


Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

Why Iran’s role in the Ukrainian plane crash could be very bad news for Donald Trump

United States

On the face of it, it’s been a good week for Donald Trump.

He’s killed one of America’s most menacing figures, without a single US citizen receiving so much as a scratch in response.

As the President read his national address from the teleprompter, he appeared strong and decisive and even resisted the temptation to go off-script to, for example, talk about how great an author he is.

He now goes into an election year with a message that he has taken out two of America’s biggest enemies in the space of two months, the other being the leader of the Islamic State terrorist group, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

Mr Trump’s campaign team is already running hundreds of self-congratulatory election ads on Facebook.

But no-one should kid themselves that this is over.

That Qassem Soleimani’s hands were blood-soaked is not in dispute

Mr Trump said on Friday that Iran was “looking to blow up” the US embassy in Baghdad, but declined to give further details.

External Link:

Trump tweet 1

Regardless, assassinating a senior, serving member of a foreign government which boasts considerable military might is no small thing.

Iran’s most powerful military general, Soleimani exerted huge influence within and outside the country.

Why the killing of General Soleimani is such a big deal
The death of Iranian Major General Qassem Soleimani is a watershed moment, even in the long and bloody history of Middle East conflict.

He was hailed as a hero by millions of people throughout the Middle East.

Iran called the killing an “act of war” but its response (so far) appears largely symbolic.

The missiles were fired at 1:20am, the same time as Soleimani was killed five days earlier and didn’t cause a single casualty.

Iran also gave notice to Iraq that it was launching the attack, surely aware the US would be warned in turn.

It looks very much calculated to give the appearance of fire and fury, without risking a further escalation against a much more powerful adversary, led by an erratic and unpredictable President.

It now appears certain there were unwitting casualties after all

Video: Debris litters the crash site

(ABC News)

A total of 176 people were killed when a Ukrainian passenger plane came down soon after taking off from Tehran in the hours after the missile strike.

Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has revealed intelligence that suggests it was shot out of the sky by Iran. Prime Minister Scott Morrison said the Australians have the same intelligence.

“The evidence indicates that the plane was shot down by an Iranian surface-to-air missile,” Mr Trudeau said. “This may well have been unintentional.”

Iran was on a war footing in the hours after launching its ballistic missiles and would have been prepared for an American response from the air.

All indications point to a tragic mistake.

It won’t take long for critics to point the finger of blame at Mr Trump himself.

Even before Mr Trudeau’s press conference, Democratic presidential hopeful Pete Buttigieg, who served for the US military in Afghanistan, implied the President should carry responsibility.

“Innocent civilians are now dead because they were caught in the middle of an unnecessary and unwanted military tit for tat” he tweeted.

External Link:

Innocent civilians are now dead because they were caught in the middle of an unnecessary and unwanted military tit for tat. My thoughts are with the families and loved ones of all 176 souls lost aboard this flight.

For his part, the President seemed quick to wash his hands of any responsibility when asked about the cause of the crash.

“Someone could’ve made a mistake on their side, it was flying — it has nothing to do with us — flying in a pretty rough neighbourhood.”

“I have my suspicions,” Mr Trump said when asked about the reports earlier on Friday.

“Some people say it was mechanical, I personally don’t even think that’s even a question. Personally.”

Going forward, there are several potential US-Iran flashpoints

  • Iran, which has so far refused to hand over the black box from the plane crash, could take offence at the US accusations it shot down the plane, heightening tensions. The head of Iran’s Civil Aviation Authority said the allegations were false because “if a rocket or missile hits a plane, it will free fall”.
  • Iran has opened the door to enriching uranium, but Mr Trump has made clear he’ll never allow Iran to get a nuclear bomb under his watch.
  • Mr Trump has promised even harsher sanctions on Iran, even though his “maximum pressure” campaign is the very thing that pushed Iran to attack Persian Gulf shipping and Saudi oil fields.
  • Iran’s proxies could launch revenge attacks without Iran’s say-so.
  • Mr Trump could say or do something else to fan the flames again.
  • In Washington, members of Congress are so worried things will spiral out of control from here, they’re voting to try and limit Mr Trump’s ability to take further military actions against Iran without specific congressional approval.

    External Link:

    This Media Post will serve as a reminder that war powers reside in the Congress under the United States Constitution. And that you should read the War Powers Act. And that you’re not a dictator.

    It’s unlikely to pass through a Senate controlled by Mr Trump’s political allies, but several Republicans have indicated they would vote for a similar measure in the Senate.

    On Thursday, Republican Senators Mike Lee and Rand Paul emerged furious from an administration briefing on Iran.

    External Link:

    Sen. Mike Lee: "To come in and tell us that we can't debate and discuss the appropriateness of military intervention against Iran — it's un-American, it's un-Constitutional, and it's wrong."

    Mr Lee described it as “probably the worst briefing I’ve seen,” saying he was unconvinced of the “legal, factual and moral justification” for the attack.

    “It’s un-American. It’s unconstitutional. And it’s wrong” he said.

    Week was expected to be dominated by Trump impeachment trial debate

    Congress has returned from the Christmas break. The articles of impeachment against the President are still being held up in the House, as Democrats demand a “fair trial” in the Senate.

    External Link:

    Today, @SenateMajLdr McConnell made clear that he will feebly comply with President Trump’s cover-up of his abuses of power and be an accomplice to that cover-up. The American people deserve the truth. #DefendOurDemocracy

    External Link:

    There will be no haggling with the House over Senate procedure. We will not cede our authority to try this impeachment. The House Democrats’ turn is over. The Senate has made its decision. This is for the Senate, and the Senate only, to decide.

    They want four of Mr Trump’s closest advisors, past and present, who have intimate knowledge of his dealings with Ukraine, to give evidence.

    Most prominent among them is former national security adviser John Bolton, who was quietly penning a book while the impeachment inquiry was gathering evidence.

    This week, as the news of Soleimani’s killing was being digested, Mr Bolton dropped his own bombshell.

    External Link:

    I have posted a brief statement regarding testimony on the Ukraine impeachment matter before the Senate at:

    “I have concluded that, if the Senate issues a subpoena for my testimony, I am prepared to testify,” he said in an unprompted statement posted on his website.

    Until now, he has complied with a White House directive not to cooperate in the impeachment investigation.

    As such, his comments breathed new life into the Democrat’s case for withholding the articles of impeachment.

    External Link:

    Hope that all House Republicans will vote against Crazy Nancy Pelosi’s War Powers Resolution. Also, remember her “speed & rush” in getting the Impeachment Hoax voted on & done. Well, she never sent the Articles to the Senate. Just another Democrat fraud. Presidential Harassment!

    To force Mr Trump from office, the Democrats need 20 Republicans in the Senate to turn on him, a most improbable scenario.

    But to subpoena key witnesses, like Mr Bolton, to give evidence under oath in the Senate, Mr Trump’s opponents need on only four Republicans on side.

    If Republicans start to believe Mr Trump represents a genuine threat to American security, they have a convenient method of bringing him to heel.

    Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

    Trump spoke for 10 minutes while the world watched. But 10 words tell us all we need to know about what might come next

    Iran, Islamic Republic Of

    He knew the world was watching, so US President Donald Trump chose a provocative first line.

    “As long as I am President of the United States, Iran will never be allowed to have a nuclear weapon,” he said, before saying good morning and launching into scripted remarks.

    It’s not the first time he’s made such a statement, but it was a notable choice for what was the President’s first formal explanation of the US position on Iran.

    External Link:


    Flanked by his top military brass, Mr Trump spoke for roughly 10 minutes during America’s work day but Iran’s primetime hours.

    It’s been five days since the US assassinated Iranian General Qassem Soleimani in retaliation for an Iranian strike that left four servicemen wounded and one American contractor dead.

    But it’s been more than a year since Mr Trump fulfilled his campaign promise to pull out of the Iran nuclear deal. Tensions have only escalated as Iran and America exchange threats and provocations.

    A history of hate
    Iran and the United States haven’t had formal diplomatic relations for decades, and at times appear on the brink of war. But why?

    With his latest remarks, Mr Trump appears to be maintaining, but not escalating, the sense of tension. He’s decided to respond to Iran’s latest move with another round of economic sanctions, which will “remain until Iran changes its behaviour”.

    “Iran appears to be standing down, which is a good thing for all parties concerned, and a very good thing for the world,” he said.

    “The United States is ready to embrace peace with all who seek it.”

    In other words, military escalation appears to be on pause for now.

    But given his choice of an opening salvo, it’s clear peace comes with conditions. Mr Trump is leaving the door open to resuming the rhetoric if Iran pursues a bloodier revenge.


    A satellite image taken hours after the Iranian attack on the Al Asad air base in Iraq shows several impact sites. (Planet Labs)

    New nuclear deal still one of Trump’s campaign promises

    Mr Trump took time to praise America’s military preparedness and mentioned new supersonic weapons capabilities.

    “We continue to evaluate options,” he said.

    Video: Iran said 80 Americans were killed in the strikes, but Donald Trump disputed that.

    (ABC News)

    It’s unclear what the sanctions will target and what effect, if any, they’d have. There are years’ worth of sanctions already stacked on Iran’s beleaguered economy.

    Mr Trump has long detested the Obama-era JCPOA, also known as the Iran Nuclear Deal, which promised to end many of the sanctions on Iran in exchange for the country’s responsible and peaceful development of nuclear power.

    The deal was considered Barack Obama’s signature foreign policy agreement. Mr Trump called it “weak” and “a failure” while on the campaign trail in 2016.

    Why the killing of General Soleimani is such a big deal
    The death of Iranian Major General Qassem Soleimani is a watershed moment, even in the long and bloody history of Middle East conflict.

    “This was a horrible, one-sided deal that should have never, ever been made … It didn’t bring calm, it didn’t bring peace, and it never will,” he said.

    The Trump administration officially pulled out of the agreement in May 2018, and began a “maximum pressure campaign” that involved slapping a lot of sanctions on the country. The White House promised to renegotiate the deal and outlined 12 criteria for Iran to meet in order to start talks.

    Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei scoffed at the suggestion.

    “Even if we ever — impossible as it is — negotiated with the US, it would never ever be with the current US administration,” he said.

    Mr Trump was heavily criticised for the change in policy and the resulting tensions that boiled up.

    The remaining seven parties signed onto the deal have struggled to salvage the agreement, and after the death of Soleimani last week, Iran announced it would begin enriching more uranium.

    External Link:

    @JZarif: As 5th & final REMEDIAL step under paragraph 36 of JCPOA, there will no longer be any restriction on number of centrifuges This step is within JCPOA & all 5 steps are reversible upon EFFECTIVE implementation of reciprocal obligations Iran's full cooperation w/IAEA will continue

    Foreign policy experts said this quashed any hopes the deal might be restored.

    But if today means Mr Trump is keeping one campaign promise stagnant, he’ll use the occasion to boast a victory on another: Keeping the US out of foreign entanglements.

    True, the US has positioned an extra 2,800 troops in the area in recent days. But threats and sanctions aren’t the same as actual bloodshed, especially in the eyes of his supporters.

    Trump puts pressure on US allies

    Mr Trump also spent part of today’s speech urging European countries to ditch the deal and join his maximum pressure campaign.

    “Iran’s hostilities substantially increased after the foolish Iran nuclear deal was signed,” Mr Trump said.


    Scott Morrison released a statement just after the strikes, saying his Government was “closely monitoring” events. (AP: Susan Walsh)

    “Instead of saying thank you to the United States, they chanted ‘Death to America’. In fact, they chanted ‘Death to America’ the day the agreement was signed.

    “Iran went on a terrorist spree funded by the money from the deal and created hell in Yemen, Syria, Lebanon, Afghanistan and Iraq.”

    It’s unclear what the JCPOA parties — including Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Russia and China — will do next. Mr Trump’s actions put them in a tough spot.

    Five quick US-Iran questions answered
    Let’s get you up to speed on the escalating tensions between the United States and Iran.

    The deal was considered one of the European Union’s crowning foreign policy achievements, in part because it helped the region keep good ties with both the US and China.

    China has a good track record of relations with Iran and is an economically important ally to Europe.

    Mr Trump is effectively asking America’s long-standing European allies to choose between him or the leaders in Beijing.

    That’d be a tough decision to make, even without the chance that the President might be out of office after the election.

    The allies are surely also considering that the President could do something predictably unpredictable like suddenly kill an Iranian general or reverse course and start new talks.


    A man holds a picture of late Iranian Major-General Qassem Soleimani, as people celebrate in the street after Iran launched missiles against US forces. (Reuters: West Asia News Agency)

    Much depends on Iran’s response

    Mr Trump’s speech gave little clarification of the specific motivations for killing General Soleimani other than to say he was responsible for taking the lives of hundreds of Americans and had been planning something very big.

    The administration has offered only vague explanations after being pressed by the media and the public over the past few days. Mr Trump and his top aides are expected to discuss that intelligence today and decide whether to declassify the information for public release.

    In terms of an Iranian response, the country’s Foreign Minister has already indicated the country has responded with proportionate force and does not seek to escalate tensions or go to war.

    But with that slap-in-the-face-type opening line Mr Trump used, it could enrage the Iranians into taking more subtle steps to provoke the US in coming months. The question is how much.

    More stories on the tension between the US and Iran:

    Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

    A humiliating roast by Joe Biden may have turned Rudy Giuliani into Trump’s avenger

    United States

    In September 2001, America was stunned. Terrorist attacks had reduced the Twin Towers to rubble and shattered the nation’s sense of invincibility.

    But amidst the fear, smoke and soot in New York, one man forged an image of strength — the city’s mayor, Rudy Giuliani.

    “I was with him on the morning of 9/11 and he was magnificent,” said Andrew Kirtzman, a former journalist.

    “He comforted people, reassured them. For a long time afterwards, he was beloved. He was almost above politics.”


    Rudy Giuliani earned the nickname ‘America’s mayor’ after the September 11th attacks on New York. (Reuters: Peter Morgan)

    Oprah Winfrey called him “America’s mayor.”

    An honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth followed. He was named Time magazine’s Person of the Year and a film was made about him, starring actor James Woods.

    To many outside the United States, who were underwhelmed by the Republican President George W Bush, he came to embody the resilience that defined the world’s undisputed superpower.

    “He was a man of integrity and ethics,” said Ken Frydman, who used to serve as Mr Giuliani’s press secretary and was even married by him.

    “Now, people ask: what’s happened to him? Has he lost it?”

    From 9/11 hero to impeachment villain

    Eighteen years on, Mr Giuliani is once again the star of a pivotal national moment.

    But now, his reputation has been shattered; his halo dislodged.


    Then President George W. Bush embraces Rudy Giuliani days after the September 11th attacks. (Reuters: Win McNamee )

    As Donald Trump’s divisive personal lawyer, he is a key character in the Ukraine scandal that led to the impeachment of the 45th President.

    Democrats portray him as a villain, an architect of a failed plan to abuse the power of the Oval Office to dig up dirt on Joe Biden, the Commander-in-Chief’s potential opponent at the 2020 election.

    He is so central to the case against Mr Trump that frustrated Republican Mark Meadows recently remarked, “this is an impeachment of Rudy Giuliani”.


    Rudy Giuliani and Donald Trump have known each other for decades, and the former New York mayor is now his personal lawyer. (Reuters: Mike Segar)

    Even some of the President’s allies think he is a liability and want him sacked.

    In 2006, he was the most popular politician in America. Now only 29 per cent of Americans approve of him.

    But to understand how “America’s mayor” squandered much of his goodwill and ended up in such a precarious position, you have to look back at how he rose to fame.

    The rise of Rudy Giuliani

    Mr Giuliani made a name for himself in the 1980s as the US Attorney for the Southern District of New York.


    Rudy Giuliani ran for New York Mayor in 1989, but did not win until his second run in 1993. (Reuters)

    The brash prosecutor attracted enormous attention by taking on the city’s famous mafia families and Wall Street insider trading.

    The then-moderate Republican used his profile to run for mayor, winning on his second attempt.

    A lover of the limelight, his first act the morning after being elected was to make a guest appearance on “The Non-Fat Yoghurt” episode of hit TV sitcom Seinfeld.

    External Link:

    Rudy Giuliani made a cameo on the classic frozen yoghurt episode of Seinfeld

    While in office, Mr Giuliani got to know Mr Trump, who was then an equally colourful New York property tycoon.

    In 2000, they appeared in a bizarre parody video together, where Mr Giuliani, dressed in drag, had his fake breasts nuzzled by Mr Trump.

    “Oh, you dirty boy, you!” Mr Giuliani exclaimed, before slapping Mr Trump’s face.

    External Link:

    Trump and Giuliani filmed the skit for annual New York city charity dinner in 2000.

    His time in City Hall is warmly remembered by many Republicans but it was regularly pockmarked by controversies or publicity stunts.

    He surprised his wife by announcing their separation at a press conference, cracked down on homeless people and presided over a contentious stop-and-frisk policing policy, which he still claims reduced crime and helped him clean up the city.

    The then-mayor also had his own radio show, which is perhaps best remembered now for a spectacular, fiery confrontation with a ferret owner.

    “This excessive concern with little weasels is a sickness,” Mr Giuliani told the head of a New York ferrets’ rights advocacy group.

    “There’s something deranged about you.”

    External Link:

    Mayor Giuliani yells at a caller about ferrets during a radio show

    Long-term critics of “America’s mayor” claim there’s plenty of evidence to suggest his controversial behaviour on Thursday is completely consistent with how he acted in the past.

    The humiliation of ‘America’s mayor’

    After leaving office, Mr Giuliani set up a couple of businesses.

    He cashed in on his September 11 experiences, offering policing, security planning and counterterrorism advice to a variety of governments and companies around the world, some with less-than-perfect reputations.

    On Thursday, he maintains several foreign clients, while also representing the President.

    “He used to order a slice of pizza and a Diet Coke and pay for it himself because he didn’t want to be compromised by anyone,” Mr Frydman told the ABC.

    “Then you fast forward to today, it seems like he will take money and work for anyone.”


    Mr Giuliani was expected to be a frontrunner for the Republican nomination in 2008, but withdrew from the race in January. (Reuters: Hans Deryk)

    But some former friends argue it was the 2008 Presidential campaign, not his business interests, that changed Mr Giuliani’s trajectory in life.

    After starting as an early frontrunner in the race for the Republican Party nomination, he nose-dived spectacularly, dropping out early to endorse John McCain.

    One line of attack from then-Democratic candidate Joe Biden, who went on to become Vice-President, seems to have added relevance on Thursday.

    “Rudy Giuliani, there’s only three things he mentions in a sentence: a noun, a verb and 9/11,” Mr Biden said during a Democratic debate.

    “There’s nothing else.”

    One former associate told the ABC he believes Mr Giuliani has never forgotten that attack on one of his proudest moments.

    External Link:

    @kylegriffin1 Important to remember this debate moment from 2007 when considering Giuliani's attacks today on Joe Biden.

    Rudy Giuliani gets close to team Trump

    Following his failed run and Barack Obama’s defeat of Mr McCain at the 2008 election, Mr Giuliani found his public standing had slipped.


    Rudy Giuliani was one of the first major political figures to endorse Donald Trump for President. (Reuters: Mike Segar)

    His once-lucrative public appearance and speaking fees fell. He still had debt from his campaign and crucially, his relevance to the national debate began to fade.

    Instead of guest-starring on big-budget sitcoms, the former mayor appeared as a colourful and at times controversial commentator on evening, right-wing cable news programs.

    He made unfounded comments about President Obama, claiming he “didn’t love America”, and repeatedly targeted Hillary Clinton.

    External Link:

    Rudy Giuliani starts rumours about Hillary Clinton on Fox News

    “Go online and put down ‘Hillary Clinton illness,'” he once urged Fox News viewers.

    “I think Hillary’s tired … she looks sick.”

    By the summer of 2016, Mr Giuliani had emerged as one of Mr Trump’s most incendiary advocates.

    He was among the first establishment Republicans to back the real estate mogul, calling him “an agent of change.”

    Following the broadcast of the infamous Access Hollywood tape, where the future President said he could walk up to women and “grab them by the pussy”, Mr Giuliani was the only one to appear on Sunday political shows defending him.

    “The fact is that men at times talk like that. Not all men but men do,” he said on CNN.

    External Link:

    Rudy Giuliani defends Donald Trump after the Access Hollywood tape leaked

    “I know he believes it’s wrong. I believe this is not the man we’re talking about today.”

    Mr Trump wasn’t grateful — he reportedly thought the performances “sucked”.

    But it was an early sign of just how far the former mayor would be willing to go to support Mr Trump’s ambitions.

    The renewed relevance of Rudy Giuliani

    Following the election of the President, Mr Giuliani pushed hard, publicly and privately, to be made Secretary of State.


    Days after the 2016 election, Rudy Giuliani went to Trump Tower to discuss his future with the President-elect. (Reuters: Eduardo Munoz)

    “My knowledge of foreign policy is as good or better than anybody they’re talking to,” he claimed after Trump’s surprise victory.

    But he was passed over, perhaps partly due to concerns about his catalogue of international clients.

    It wasn’t until 2018, again during a time of crisis, that he truly entered Mr Trump’s inner circle.

    “When he was invited to become the President’s personal attorney, that was a major coup for Giuliani,” Mr Kirtzman said.

    “It brought him back to the centre of the action.”


    Associates say Rudy Giuliani enjoys the attention that comes with being close to the President. (Reuters: Mike Segar)

    His main task was grappling with the Special Counsel investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 election, led by Robert Mueller.

    Allegations of possible Kremlin collusion with the Trump campaign had cast a long, dark cloud over the first few years of the administration.

    A frustrated Commander-in-Chief, who had seen several close confidants indicted, was demanding a more aggressive response.

    From the outset, Mr Giuliani delivered during a series of chaotic encounters with journalists.

    “There’s nothing wrong with taking information from Russians. It depends on where it came from,” he claimed in one exchange.

    External Link:

    Rudy Giuliani defends taking info from the Russians

    When Mr Giuliani discovered the President would not face charges from the probe, he decided impeachment — a political, not criminal, proceeding — was the biggest threat to his client’s grasp on the Oval Office.

    So, at the end of last year, he turned his attention to eastern Europe, looking for anything that could be used to challenge damaging findings.

    Rudy Giuliani looks to Ukraine

    For some time, a debunked story has circulated on fringe right-wing websites suggesting it was Ukraine, not Russia, that was responsible for meddling in the 2016 US election.

    While the narrative is pushed by the Kremlin, the US intelligence community has unanimously concluded it is false.

    But while Mr Giuliani was digging into the theory, he came across separate unsubstantiated claims that Joe Biden — now one of Mr Trump’s leading political rivals — abused his power as Vice-President in 2016 to protect his son’s business interests in Ukraine.


    Joe Biden’s son Hunter Biden (far left) is at the centre of right-wing conspiracies about his business dealings in Ukraine. (Reuters: Bryan Woolston)

    There’s no evidence Mr Biden acted improperly.

    But there’s plenty to show Mr Giuliani and associates began promoting the claim and pushing for Ukraine to announce investigations.

    Official inquiries into the Bidens and 2016 meddling theories could have been beneficial to his most important client, the President, as he campaigned for re-election.

    The shadowy work of Mr Trump’s private lawyer in eastern Europe made many US officials uncomfortable.

    “Giuliani’s a hand grenade who’s going to blow everybody up,” former national security adviser John Bolton reportedly warned.

    Impeachment risk fades then rapidly re-emerges

    On the 24th of July, Robert Mueller made his long-awaited appearance before Congress to discuss his inquiry’s findings.

    But the special counsel was an anti-climactic witness.

    Many Democrats were left deflated and Trump supporters were jubilant – the threat to the President seemed over.

    But the next morning, Mr Trump changed everything.

    While chatting with his newly-elected Ukrainian counterpart Volodymyr Zelensky, he asked for a “favour”.


    US President Donald Trump’s impeachment woes began with a phone call to the leader of Ukraine. (Reuters: Jonathan Ernst)

    The President urged him to look into the two theories his personal lawyer was pushing.

    “Rudy very much knows what’s happening and he is a very capable guy. If you could speak with him that would be great,” the President asked.

    That conversation triggered a CIA whistle-blower complaint, which quickly turned into a full-blown investigation.

    It heard allegations that military aid and a White House visit were being withheld as leverage to get the Ukrainian inquiries launched.

    Democrats claim there is enough evidence to throw the 45th President out of office in an impeachment trial in the Senate.

    They say he abused his office to try to secure political help from a foreign country and then tried to cover it up.

    “President Trump put his own personal and political interests above those of the nation,” leading Democrat Adam Schiff declared.

    External Link:

    @RepAdamSchiff This is precisely the conduct the Founders were most concerned about when they provided the remedy of impeachment:

    Mr Giuliani’s work to protect the President had badly backfired, though he claims to have been unfairly maligned.

    “These morons, when this is over, I will be the hero,” Mr Giuliani told The Atlantic earlier this year.

    “I’m acting as someone who has devoted most of his life to straightening out government.”

    To make things worse, in October two associates of his were arrested with one-way tickets at an airport in Virginia.

    Prosecutors have charged them with making illegal campaign contributions.

    The US Attorney’s office in New York that Mr Giuliani once ran is now scrutinising his interactions with the pair.

    “He’s in a world of trouble right now,” Mr Kirtzman said of Mr Giuliani.

    “He’s an embattled figure, he’s facing potential indictment for his activities in Ukraine. He’s in a very precarious state.”

    Will Donald Trump throw Giuliani under a bus?

    Due to the numbers in the Senate, the President looks all but certain to survive the trial in the upper house of Congress early next year.

    By the time he faces voters in November 2020, the Ukraine scandal could have faded into the background.

    But the immediate future of his personal lawyer is far from clear.

    For months, there have been signs many Republicans and a chorus of White House officials want him cut loose.

    Early last month, Mr Giuliani was asked if he was worried Mr Trump could “throw him under a bus.”

    “I’m not, but I do have very, very good insurance, so if he does, all my hospital bills will be paid,” he said.

    His lawyer immediately claimed the comment was a joke and Mr Giuliani later called Mr Trump to apologise.

    The President was already reportedly cross about a New York Times report that Mr Giuliani was pursuing business opportunities at the same time he was carrying out his shadow diplomacy.

    It is well known in Washington that Mr Trump hates when others profit off him.

    Rudy Giuliani rarely backs down

    Despite his mounting woes, Mr Giuliani refuses to back down.

    He has recently been in eastern Europe, interviewing Ukrainians for a documentary series for a conservative television outlet.

    It aims to promote a pro-Trump narrative to undermine the impeachment case.

    External Link:

    @RudyGiuliani Working on an important project with @OANN, intended to bring before the American people information

    By any measure, it is a brazen act, considering many might have suggested he keep out of the spotlight for a bit.

    “He’s always been one to double down and he has always liked the spotlight,” Mr Frydman said.

    “He said he doesn’t care about his legacy because he’ll be dead, but the people who worked for him do.”

    “I just wish he and the President would think about what they’re doing to the country.”

    Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news

    ‘This is not a warning, it is a threat’: Trump’s escalation of tensions with Iran may be a preview of 2020

    United States

    Tensions between the United States and Iran have been escalating throughout 2019 but these two foes waited until the last day of the year to take their relationship on a dangerous turn.

    In what perhaps will become an indication of where this year is headed, the US embassy in Baghdad was lit on fire and came under siege last night.

    The fact that the embassy in the Iraqi capital was attacked is not a surprise.

    The country has become a flashpoint for tensions with the Iranian regime and the Iraqi militias that align with it.

    But there is no doubt that this represents a rapid upsurge in tensions that have been bubbling for months as the US and Iran continue to battle for influence in Iraq.

    It started with an airstrike

    In recent months, the Iranian-back militia group Kataib Hezbollah has been firing rockets at Iraqi bases that house US troops.

    How likely is a US-Iran conflict? US-Iran tensions are on the rise. Here’s what that could mean for Australia, the region and world oil prices.

    There have been casualties, but it wasn’t until an American civil contractor was killed last week that the US decided to retaliate.

    America blamed the Iran-backed group and on Sunday launched five air strikes on ammunition facilities and command posts controlled by the militia group in Syria and Iraq, as the US attempted to show its enemies it wouldn’t put up with the behaviour anymore.

    Twenty-five people died and many more were injured.

    It infuriated the militias and drew widespread condemnation from across the region.

    Even Baghdad was angry, labelling the strikes a violation of Iraqi sovereignty and warning it could destabilise the entire region.

    It didn’t take long for the group to rally its troops and take to the streets.


    Protesters and militia fighters gather outside the main gate of the US embassy. (Reuters: Thaier al-Sudani)

    They managed to breach Baghdad’s so-called “green zone”, a heavily fortified part of the city housing international embassies, which suggests Iraqi security forces didn’t try to stop them.

    They hurled projectiles at embassy security, lit fires and destroyed command posts, all the while chanting “death to America”.

    It sent a clear message to the White House — that Iranian-back militias in Iraq have the power to intimidate America, even on foreign soil.

    It highlights the fact that the US has very few political allies left in Iraq and indicates the embassy and other US facilities have and will continue to become the epicentre of a proxy struggle between Washington and Tehran.

    Understandably, US President Donald Trump wasn’t pleased
    External Link:

    Iran killed an American contractor, wounding many. We strongly responded, and always will. Now Iran is orchestrating an attack on the U.S. Embassy in Iraq. They will be held fully responsible. In addition, we expect Iraq to use its forces to protect the Embassy, and so notified!

    External Link:

    ….Iran will be held fully responsible for lives lost, or damage incurred, at any of our facilities. They will pay a very BIG PRICE! This is not a Warning, it is a Threat. Happy New Year!

    He tweeted several times, accusing Iran of orchestrating the attack and saying he expects “Iraq to use its forces to protect the embassy, and so [are] notified!”.

    And despite an assurance from the Iraqi Government of protection of Americans on the ground, the Pentagon has decided to send in more troops and two apache helicopters as air support.

    So, hang on, how did we get here?

    Well, the relationship between Tehran and Washington has been deteriorating since Mr Trump pulled out of the 2015 nuclear deal and reimposed economic sanctions on the country.

    The President has always made it clear he viewed Iran with suspicion, and he didn’t think the Obama administration had done enough to curtail Iranian influence across the region.

    But despite the economic and political pressure on Iran, there is no indication that the country has curtailed its support for foreign militias.

    In other words, Mr Trump is losing ground on countering Iran’s growing influence.

    Aside from the rocket launches in Iraq, Iran has been linked to an attack on a Saudi oil facility, as well as others on foreign tankers in the Persian Gulf.

    But these sour grapes date back further.

    Iran was a close ally of the US during most of the reign of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

    But when Pahlavi was overthrown by the 1979 Iranian revolution, Iranian militants took 70 Americans hostage and held them for 444 days.

    That was the beginning of a rapidly deteriorating relationship.

    Washington and its allies in the region also suspect Iran is developing a nuclear weapons program, hence Mr Trump’s maximum pressure campaign.

    So why are both interested in Iraq?
    External Link:

    To those many millions of people in Iraq who want freedom and who don’t want to be dominated and controlled by Iran, this is your time!

    The power struggle for influence in Iraq dates back to the US-led invasion in 2003, which toppled Saddam Hussein’s bloody rule.

    Iraq become dominated by Shiite political groups, some of whom were allied with Iran.

    Troops remained in the country to combat a violent insurgency and despite withdrawing in 2011 they redeployed in 2014 to combat the rise of the Islamic State group (IS), which was born from Syria’s civil war.

    Iran has long been accused of running a network of proxies across the Middle East, using militia groups and political parties to undermine rival governments.

    In Iraq, there are a number of Shiite militias. They have been increasing political clout since the battle against IS, gaining almost a third of the seats of Iraq’s Parliament in 2018 elections.

    External Link:

    To those many millions of people in Iraq who want freedom and who don’t want to be dominated and controlled by Iran, this is your time!

    As we mentioned before, the frequent rocket attacks in recent months on Iraqi bases have sent the relations on a downward spiral and underlined fears a proxy war between the two countries is being played out on Iraqi soil.

    Following the strikes on Sunday, US State Department officials laid blame not only on Iran but also Iraq, saying Baghdad had failed to protect America.

    Expect more turmoil in 2020

    The ease with which militia forces managed to breach the embassy surprised many and raises questions about how much backing America still has from Iraq’s fractured Parliament.

    The beginnings of a proxy war come at a terrible time for Baghdad, which has been crippled by political paralysis and embroiled in deadly domestic protests, all of which have left the economy in the doldrums.

    Iran has invested heavily in deepening its influence in an arc from Iraq through Syria to Lebanon and will not give up its strategic gains without a fight, even as US sanctions make its expansionism more difficult.

    What is clear: The airstrikes will further embolden pro-Iranian blocs of Iraq’s Parliament to push harder for the expulsion of US forces from the country.

    The militias are rallying their troops to launch more attacks, while the Pentagon is upping its ground and air support, all laying the groundwork for a broader destabilisation of the region.

    Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news