According to Putin, the two countries account for 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers. The EU previously restricted the import of fertilizers from the two states, the US, in turn, excluded them from the sanctions lists
Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko
Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed with his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko the situation with the supply of food and fertilizers to world markets. According to him, Moscow and Minsk are ready to take all necessary actions to meet the needs of the markets due to interruptions in supplies.
“We are the largest fertilizer supplier to the world market <…>. You and I agreed to do everything that depends on us, to take all the actions that depend on us, in order to satisfy the demand of our consumers, our clients, — Putin said at a meeting in St. Petersburg (TASS quote).
Putin noted that 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers— it is “a very significant amount.”
After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Western countries have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow and Minsk, which have exacerbated the problem of food supplies and mineral fertilizers. In early March, the Ministry of Industry and Trade warned of the risk of a collapse in the global fertilizer market due to problems with the supply of Russian goods to foreign countries.
After that, the US Treasury excluded fertilizers, medical equipment and medicines from Russia from the sanctions list. Washington allowed the export, import and re-export of these goods. At the same time, sanctions against most Russian financial, insurance and logistics companies continue to apply.
Nevertheless, in early April, the European Union limited the import of Russian-made fertilizers: the quota for potassium chloride will be 837.57 thousand tons, while the quota for other fertilizers containing potassium will be 1.57 million tons. European countries have also adopted restrictions on the purchase of fertilizers from Belarus.
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In mid-April, Russia introduced export quotas for mineral fertilizer producers to support them amid the risk of downtime “due to low demand in the domestic market and sanctions from unfriendly states.” Nitrogen fertilizers were allowed to export about 5.7 million tons. The export quota for complex fertilizers will be about 5.6 million tons.
On May 16, The Wall Street Journal reported, citing sources, that UN Secretary General António Guterres proposed to mitigate restrictions on the export of Russian and Belarusian potash fertilizers in exchange for the passage of ships with grain from the ports of Ukraine; according to the publication, he discussed this issue with Russia and Turkey. The UN World Food Program previously reported that about 25 million tons of grain “stuck” in Ukraine due to infrastructure problems and “blocked Black Sea ports.”
Putin has previously expressed confidence that Western countries will buy Russian fertilizers because of their scarcity. “The deficit will be taken. Will. No one wants to die of hunger, & mdash; said the head of state.
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One of the crew members of the Soyuz MS-23 spacecraft will have to stay on the ISS in order to organize a short-term flight into orbit of a cosmonaut from Belarus, TASS reports.
Dmitry Rogozin, Director General of Roscosmos, said this during a conversation with the agency correspondents.
“Yes, someone will have to stay longer,” the head of the state corporation said.
According to him, the cosmonaut who will have to stay in orbit has not yet been selected. The official proposal will appear after Roscosmos receives the list of Belarusian candidates.
Let us remind you that the Soyuz MS-23 the preparation stage includes cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko, Andrei Fedyaev and Nikolai Chub. The Belarusian cosmonaut, in turn, will make a short flight next autumn and return to Earth on the Soyuz MS-23.
Earlier, Roscosmos also confirmed the candidacy of cosmonaut Anna Kikina for cross-flights with NASA.
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In Minsk, Yevgeny Yakovenko is accused of corruption. The Belarusian authorities put the parliamentarian on the international wanted list and demand his extradition “In Moldova, at the request of Belarus, a Ukrainian MP was detained” />
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine MP Yevgeny Yakovenko was detained in Moldova, writes Deschide.md with reference to the head of the press service of the General Inspectorate of the Border Police, Raisa Nowicki. She promised to give details later.
According to the sources of the publication, the reason for the detention was the international search for the parliamentarian through Interpol at the request of the Belarusian authorities. The head of the Chisinau office of Interpol, Viorel Centiu, confirmed to Deschide that Yakovenko was indeed wanted. Minsk demands the arrest and extradition of the politician, accusing him of corruption.
Yakovenko became a People's Deputy of Ukraine in 2019. He was nominated to parliament from the Batkivshchyna party; Yulia Tymoshenko, but subsequently distanced himself from her and did not join the faction. According to Delovaya Stolitsa, the politician is a member of several groups for inter-parliamentary relations, including with Moldova.
Representatives of the Opposition Platform— For life» accused Yakovenko of bribing voters and falsifying the voting results.
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It is best to export grain from Ukraine through Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko believes. According to him, he discussed this option with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Moscow has previously stated that it is ready to ensure the transportation of grain by sea Lukashenka called Belarus the best way to export grain from Ukraine” />
Belarus is the best direction to export grain from Ukraine, President of this country Alexander Lukashenko believes. He told journalists about it, BelTA informs. According to the President of Belarus, together with President Vladimir Putin, five directions have been identified for these purposes.
“The best direction (Putin and I identified five)” Belarus. Please— we don't want to go hungry in Africa. Yes, not in Africa, in Europe and America is not enough. We don't mind, take it through Belarus, but there must be compromises: we— you, you— us. Open ports and we will ship»,— Lukashenka is quoted by the agency.
According to him, in the world “hunger has been faced for a long time.” “A billion are starving, and tomorrow a billion will be on the verge of death. Only because of the policy that the West and rich countries, primarily America, are pursuing today. That's the problem. It is necessary to solve it»,— considers Lukashenka.
Russia and Ukraine are among the world's largest suppliers of wheat. Since the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine, world leaders have repeatedly expressed fears about potential food shortages. For example, the director of the UN World Food Program in Germany, Martin Frick, said that about 4.5 million tons of grain were blocked in Ukrainian ports, and the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, accused Russia of using hunger and grain to obtain influence in the world.
US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken estimated the volume of grain blocked in Ukraine at 20 million tons, and also said that Russia's actions exacerbate the food crisis.
Russia's permanent representative to the UN Security Council, Vasily Nebenzya, called the accusations “blasphemous.” According to him, Russia has established a safe corridor 3 nautical miles wide and 80 miles long for the transportation of grain in the Black Sea, but ships with grain did not leave Odessa. “We are accused of not letting ships through, but we didn’t set the mines,” — he said on May 20. The fact that Russia is ready to provide safe passage for Ukrainian ships with grain from Ukrainian ports, Nebenzya also reiterated in early June.
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Anadolu Agency reported on June 2 that Russia, Ukraine and Turkey, with the assistance of the UN, developed a “road map”, which will allow exporting and supplying to the international market about 20 million tons of grain and sunflower seeds. According to the agency, representatives of the three countries and the international organization will discuss the details of the plan at a meeting in the coming days. The route, insurance and security of ships with grain, including the clearance of ports in the Black Sea, will be discussed there.
Ukraine also demands security guarantees from Russia for ships and ports involved in the export of grain, said a spokesman for the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Oleg Nikolenko.
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He told the UN Secretary General that it should be possible to load Belarusian goods in the Baltic ports, where grain will be transshipped. Guterres asked for a pause to discuss Lukashenka's proposals with interested countries
President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko and UN Secretary General António Guterres discussed by phone the export of grain from Ukraine, according to the website of the head of state.
Lukashenko announced his readiness to supply grain to the Baltic ports of Germany, Poland, the Baltic countries and Russia through the territory Belarus, provided that Belarusian goods can also be loaded there.
The President added that Minsk is ready to allocate the necessary capacities for transshipment of grain by Belarusian rail transport. He invited Guterres to discuss this issue at a meeting with representatives of Belarus, Ukraine and other interested countries.
According to BelTA, Guterres asked for a pause of several days to discuss proposals with the authorities of these states and determine conditions for the supply of Ukrainian grain to international markets through Belarus.
After the start of the Russian military operation, according to the UN, about 4.5 million tons of grain accumulated in the ports of Ukraine (US authorities say about 20 million tons). Due to the suspension of supplies to the world market, many authorities have expressed concern about the possibility of a food crisis. The United States and Canada offered their assistance in transporting grain. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has warned that the conflict in Ukraine will increase the number of hungry people in the world to 218 million people.
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At the end of May, Russian President Vladimir Putin assured his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan in a telephone conversation of his readiness to facilitate the unhindered maritime transit of goods. According to Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, during the discussion, the presidents agreed that Turkey would help clear the Black Sea ports of mines in order to facilitate the transportation of grain.
Anadolu reported on June 2 that Russia, Ukraine and Turkey, with the support of the UN, have developed a plan to create a maritime “grain corridor”. At the upcoming meeting, the parties, according to the agency, will discuss the clearance of ports, as well as the route of ships with grain and their insurance.
Another possible solution to the problem— creation of a corridor through Belarus. The Wall Street Journal wrote in May that the US leadership could lift sanctions against Belarusian potash fertilizers if the Belarusian authorities agree to the transit of Ukrainian grain through their territory. In this case, the cargo from Ukraine will be delivered by rail to the Lithuanian port of Klaipeda.
Lukashenka believes that Belarus— the best direction for the export of grain from Ukraine.
Brussels and Washington imposed several packages of sanctions on Belarus after the 2020 presidential election. In the summer of 2021, the EU imposed sectoral sanctions against Minsk, banning the import of oil products and potash fertilizers from the country. Reasons— “growing human rights violations, brutal repressions against civil society, democratic opposition and journalists”, as well as the forced landing in Minsk of a Ryanair plane with journalist Roman Protasevich and his Russian girlfriend Sofya Sapega on board. In February of this year, the European Union decided to ban the import of fuel, wood, cement and steel from Belarus because of Minsk's support for the Russian military operation in Ukraine. In May, Prime Minister Roman Golovchenko announced that due to sanctions against Belarus, almost all exports from Belarus to the EU and North America are blocked, and the republic's losses amount to $16-18 billion a year.
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The Supreme Court of Belarus rejected the appeal and upheld the sentence of Sergei Tikhanovsky, the husband of ex-presidential candidate Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, to 18 years in prison. This is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the press service of the court.
In December 2021, the Gomel Regional Court found Tikhanovsky and his associates guilty of a number of criminal articles. They were charged with organizing mass riots, extremism, obstructing the work of the Central Election Commission and gross violation of public order. In addition to Tikhanovsky, Artem Sakov, Dmitry Popov, Igor Losik, Vladimir Tsyganovich and Nikolai Statkevich were involved in the case. The court appointed the defendants from 14 to 18 years in prison.
In 2020, Tikhanovsky planned to run for the presidency of Belarus. After the CEC refused to register him as a presidential candidate, his wife Svetlana Tikhanovskaya submitted an application. According to official figures, she won a little over 10% of the vote.
Earlier, Russian woman Sofya Sapega was convicted in Belarus. In May of this year, the Grodno Regional Court sentenced her to six years in a penal colony. The Russian woman was found guilty under the articles of the Criminal Code of Belarus on deliberate actions to incite social hatred, on the illegal collection and dissemination of information about the private lives of security officials, judges, prosecutors, and officials.
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Secretary of the Security Council of Belarus Volfovich reported on the actions of Ukrainian saboteurs in the country From Ukraine, the engineering equipment of sections of the border with Belarus is being carried out, the Armed Forces of Ukraine carry out mining, blockages, and Ukrainian saboteurs enter Belarusian territory, said Volfovich
To the territory of Belarus Ukrainian sabotage and reconnaissance groups are entering, said State Secretary of the Belarusian Security Council Alexander Volfovich on the air of the Arsenal program. on «VoenTV»— TV companies of the Ministry of Defense of the country.
According to him, now in the Rivne direction, the grouping of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is 10.5 thousand people, in the Chernihiv— 4.5 thousand, in Kiev & mdash; more than 5 thousand. Engineering equipment is also being carried out on sections of the border with Belarus.
“Mining, blockages, the operation of sabotage and reconnaissance groups, including those with entry into Belarusian territory”,— Volfovich said (quote from BelTA).
In addition, he said that over the past two years, the grouping of troops on the territory of Poland, Lithuania and Latvia has doubled and amount to 37.5 thousand people. The number of reconnaissance flights along the Belarusian border has increased— six or seven flights every day, stressed the State Secretary of the Security Council of Belarus.
Earlier, on May 10, the head of the General Staff of Belarus Viktor Gulevich said that Minsk sees a threat in the grouping of Ukrainian military in the southern direction with a total number of up to 20 thousand people. Against this background, special operations forces of Belarus were deployed in three tactical directions.
He also pointed out that seven exercises were underway on the territory of countries bordering Belarus, during which the military practiced the use of reconnaissance and sabotage forces and landing, which does not speak of their “peace-loving orientation”.
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The Ministry of Defense of Belarus announced the start of a surprise check of the troops on May 4th. Military units and subunits were supposed to be on alert and perform combat training tasks.
On May 10, Defense Minister Viktor Khrenin announced the second stage of a surprise inspection. The President of the Republic, Alexander Lukashenko, explained that the check is needed in order to “unexpectedly withdraw units in case of war.”
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The General Staff of Belarus reported details of the activities within the framework of the announced second stage of checking the combat readiness of the troops.
According to reports, troops are moving to the western and southern borders of the country, which is explained by the need to respond to increased NATO activity. The Ministry of Defense of Belarus announced, among other things, the formation of territorial defense units in the Grodno and Brest regions. It also follows from the statements that Minsk intends to respond to the activity of not only NATO.
Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus Viktor Gulevich said that the grouping of up to 20,000 people created by the Ukrainian Armed Forces “also requires a reaction from us.” According to him, in order to ensure the security of the country in the southern direction, units of the “special operations forces are deployed in three tactical directions.”
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Belarus hopes to keep Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems and Iskander missile systems on its territory. This was stated by the President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko.
As the head of the Belarusian state noted, he agreed with Russia that, probably, the S-400 air defense systems will remain in Belarus. From the territory of the republic, this anti-aircraft missile system “sees to Berlin.” Lukashenka called the S-400 “good equipment” and noted that several groups of servicemen who would be able to work with these systems would be trained.
Lukashenko also announced his desire to purchase Iskander missile systems from Russia. He called them “weapons we need very much.” The President of Belarus stressed that he was ready to buy Iskanders from Russia: this equipment will not be withdrawn from the country either, it will be used to defend the Belarusian space.
Belarus is checking the readiness of troops due to a number of exercises on the territory of European NATO countries and the Ukrainian military grouping, which is located in the southern direction
Belarus sees a threat in the group of Ukrainian military, which has been created in the south. This was stated by the Chief of the General Staff of the country Viktor Gulevich, BelTA informs.
“In the southern operational direction, the grouping created by the armed forces of Ukraine with a total number of up to 20 thousand people also requires a response from us. Special Operations Forces, which are deployed in three tactical directions, ensure the security of Belarus, — Gulevich said, explaining the second phase of the surprise test of the reaction forces.
He pointed out that Defender Europe exercises are being held in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe (translated from English. “Defender of Europe”. —RBC), where up to 20 thousand people and a large amount of equipment should be involved. Along with this, seven more exercises are taking place on the territory of countries bordering Belarus. On them, the military practice the use of reconnaissance and sabotage forces, special operations forces and landing troops. According to Gulevich, this clearly does not mean a “peace-loving orientation”; teachings.
At the same time, the US and its allies continue to build up their military presence, the chief of the General Staff said. According to him, the grouping of troops near the border of Belarus has more than doubled over the past six months, and groups with sea-based air-launched cruise missiles have appeared in the waters of the Mediterranean and Baltic Seas. At the same time, aviation forces have increased in Poland and the Baltic countries.
Gulevich said that because of the actions listed above, Belarus advanced battalion tactical groups to the western and northwestern directions. They will be reinforced by air defense units, missile troops and artillery. In addition, since May 10, two areas of territorial defense have been inspected in the republic. Territorial troops will guard important facilities.
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The Ministry of Defense of Belarus announced the start of a surprise inspection of troops on May 4th. Military units and subunits had to come to combat readiness, make marches and perform combat training tasks. At that time, the department stated that the maneuvers did not threaten either the European community as a whole or neighboring countries.
On May 10, Defense Minister Viktor Khrenin announced the start of the second stage of a surprise inspection. He called it “an adequate response”; for military exercises Defender Europe. President of the Republic Alexander Lukashenko noted that the check is needed in order to “unexpectedly withdraw units in case of war.”
The girl was charged under seven articles of the Criminal Code of Belarus, including inciting hatred and organizing threats to the security forces. She will serve her sentence in a penal colony
A Belarusian court has sentenced Russian Sofya Sapega to six years in a penal colony, BelTA informs. The girl was detained in May 2021 in Minsk together with the former editor-in-chief of the opposition Telegram channel Nexta (Belarusian authorities recognized him as extremist) Roman Protasevich after the forced landing of a Ryanair passenger plane.
The verdict has not entered into force and can be appealed , clarified in court.
According to Zerkalo.io, the girl was taken into custody in the courtroom.
Sapega was charged under seven articles of the Criminal Code of Belarus, including inciting hatred, organizing threats to security officials and judges, obstruction of the work of a journalist, illegal collection of personal data.
The trial against the Russian woman was held behind closed doors, this was explained by the fact that during the process personal data of a large number of citizens, including judges and employees of internal affairs bodies, were announced.
The maximum punishment for the toughest article— about inciting social enmity and discord (part 3 of article 130)— 12 years in prison. As stated in the Prosecutor General's Office of Belarus, during the preliminary investigation, Sapieha fulfilled the obligations stipulated by the pre-trial cooperation agreement, in connection with this, the punishment provided for by law can be reduced by half. In December, Sapieha's relatives reported that she had written a petition for clemency addressed to the President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko.
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A Ryanair plane flying from Athens to Vilnius was forced to land in Minsk on May 23, 2021 due to a bomb report. Information about the mining was not confirmed. Protasevich and Sapega were removed from the flight and detained, later they were arrested.
They spent a month in a pre-trial detention center, then both were transferred to house arrest. As stated in the Investigative Committee of the Republic, Protasevich and Sapega entered into a pre-trial agreement with the investigation. Belarusian state channels showed several interviews with Protasevich, in which he stated that he admits his guilt and no longer wants to engage in politics.
In August last year, Sapieha admitted that someone from entourage of the ex-editor-in-chief of Nexta, and the Belarusian special services have nothing to do with this (the New York Times wrote about the role of the KGB officers of Belarus in the forced landing of the flight). Protasevich later claimed that employees of the headquarters of the leader of the Belarusian opposition Svetlana Tikhanovskaya were involved in sending a false message about the bombing of the Ryanair aircraft.
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In the spring, the politician suffered COVID-19. He was the first leader of independent Belarus, participated in the development of the Belovezhskaya agreements. In 1996, he signed a petition to impeach Lukashenko
The former chairman of the Supreme Council of Belarus Stanislav Shushkevich died in Minsk, Euroradio reports. with reference to his wife Irina.
Shushkevich was 87 years old. In the spring, he suffered COVID-19 and was diagnosed with the omicron strain. On April 26, his condition worsened, the politician was hospitalized and placed in intensive care. He was released two days later. His wife told the Narodnaya Volya newspaper that her husband was weak and in need of rehabilitation. “Although, of course, after the hospital, his condition improved.” she added.
Shushkevich was born in 1934 in Minsk. He received a higher education in the field of radio electronics. In the early 1960s, Shushkevich worked as an engineer at the Minsk Radio Plant. At the same time, an American Lee Harvey Oswald, who is the only official suspect in the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy, worked at the plant as a turner. Shushkevich was appointed curator of Oswald, in particular, taught him the Russian language.
In 2013, in an interview with RIA Novosti, Shushkevich stated that he was deeply convinced that Oswald could not have killed Kennedy.
In the 1960s— In the 1980s, Shushkevich was engaged in scientific activities, in particular, he received the degree of associate professor, then defended his doctoral dissertation and in 1972 received the title of professor. Since 1966, he was Vice-Rector for Technical Work of the Minsk Radio Engineering Institute, since 1971— Head of the Department of Nuclear Physics of the Belarusian State University.
He was a member of the commission for studying the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
In 1989, Shushkevich was nominated by the general meeting of the Belarusian State University as a candidate for people's deputies of the USSR and won the election. In 1990 he was elected a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian USSR, then became the first deputy chairman of the council.
During the August putsch of 1991, Nikolai Dementei, who headed the council, and other leaders did not declare the actions of the putsch participants illegal. After the failure of the coup, Dementei resigned and Shushkevich became acting chairman of the legislative body.
In September 1991, Shushkevich took full office and held it until 1994. Participated in the development of the Belovezhskaya Accords, which consolidated the collapse of the USSR and the creation of the CIS. Together with the chairman of the Council of Ministers of Belarus, he signed agreements from the republic.
Amid disagreements within the political circles of Belarus, Shushkevich resigned. The conflict with Alexander Lukashenko, who was then a deputy of the Supreme Council of Belarus, also played a role. The latter accused Shushkevich of illegal activities, in particular, of using the services of the repair and construction department of the Council of Ministers and underestimating their cost, as well as foreign policy fraud.
In 1995, Shushkevich was elected to the Supreme Council of Belarus. In 1996, he signed a statement to the Constitutional Court of the Republic on the impeachment of Lukashenka, who won the presidential election in 1994.
After that, he was engaged in opposition political activities, in particular. headed the opposition party “Belarusian Social Democratic Hramada”. In 2018, he left the post of chairman.
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Expert: “These are sanctions, so there can be no question of rationality here”
In response to EU sanctions that banned Russian and Belarusian trucks from entering its territory, from April 16, Belarus banned vehicles registered in the EU from entering its border. European vehicles are allowed to leave the republic until April 23, after which it will be impossible for them to travel through the Belarusian territory. These measures hit not only the EU countries, but also bear risks for import-dependent Russian manufacturers and retailers.
The situation on the borders of the EU and Belarus has become more complicated since 2021, when a “migrant crisis” occurred on the Belarusian-Polish border. The sanctions only aggravated the situation, which resulted in many kilometers of truck lines on the Belarusian border from Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The border points of these countries delayed the passage of Russian and Belarusian carriers in the first place. Since February, the situation has become almost a stalemate. On April 16, for example, the length of the queue at the Polish-Belarusian border was 80 km, and this problem has not been resolved so far. The situation on the Lithuanian and Latvian border also remains unresolved. On Friday, about 2,000 tractors stood on the Lithuanian-Belarusian border, some of them will obviously not have time to cross the cordon before April 19.
Mutual bans on the entry of freight vehicles do not mean at all that now the Belarusian border checkpoints will be completely empty. European truckers are not allowed to transit through Belarus, but are allowed to enter the border area of Belarus – 50 km. Then they will have to completely unload at special points of transfer and cargo operations. In total, the Ministry of Transport of Belarus approved a list of 14 such places near the border checkpoints with Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.
It is assumed that in this way the European cargo will continue to enter Belarus and follow through its territory to other countries, including Russia and China, but already on Belarusian or Russian tractors. This measure is aimed not only at minimizing the consequences of restrictions, but also at supporting Belarusian carriers, 30,000 of which are now unable to operate in Europe due to EU sanctions. Belarus expresses confidence in the coherence of this scheme, since a similar system was previously tested at the beginning of the pandemic in 2020 for transit deliveries to China.
However, the measures taken by Belarus in relation to Belarusian transport cannot but disturb Russian manufacturers of products dependent on the supply of components from the EU countries. The system of transfers in any case will complicate the process of transit. Andrey Suzdaltsev, deputy dean of the HSE Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, told MK how Belarusian restrictions will affect the Russian consumer market.
– It should be noted that all related bans do not apply to all goods. There are allowances for some shipments, such as those related to pharmaceuticals and food. Both Belarus and the European side let them through. In addition, Belarus itself does not introduce a full ban and follows the path of transfers and will not interrupt the movement of goods, accepting European vehicles. This scheme is not simple and requires the appropriate work of logistics companies. So far, since the 16th, we have not heard that transportation has been stopped. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that rail transportation has not yet been closed.
– These are sanctions, so the question of rationality cannot be raised here. Sanctions stop trade, cut off supplies. In a particular case, it is impossible to stop the supply completely. If anything, the cars will go through the Caucasus or Turkey. But this, of course, is very difficult and expensive.
– We already experienced something similar in December 2014. Then restrictions on entry and exit were introduced. For some period of almost several months we had no imports, especially food. And the shelves were empty. But now the situation is not so critical for Russian retailers, because years have passed and now the assortment on store shelves consists of 80% Russian products. Of course, this is all unpleasant. Especially for specialized stores selling mainly imported goods. We have such people, but some of them have already left by themselves.
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Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko said on Saturday that the work of Western diplomats in Belarus, the result of which, among other things, are sanctions, “already akin to fascism,” RIA Novosti reports.
Lukashenko promised “someday” to generalize everything “documented” and “dump” to the Belarusians what Western diplomats are doing in the republic.
< p>“You will be horrified,” said the President of Belarus. “These are not even Nazis anymore, this is already akin to fascism – what they are doing here … this can be seen in the form of these sanctions and pressure on Belarus.”
The words spoken by Alexander Lukashenko were quoted by the Sputnik Belarus agency. On Saturday, he visited the state memorial complex “Khatyn”, where he said that someday he would tell the public about the hidden activities of Western diplomats in Belarus.
Lukashenka announced Belarus' ability to cope with sanctions Minsk knows “what to put on the scales” in order to withstand restrictive measures, Lukashenka is convinced. During a visit to the Vostochny cosmodrome, according to the President of Belarus, he “had the feeling that there were no sanctions”
Minsk has something to offer Moscow, Belarus is able to overcome the consequences of sanctions, the president said countries Alexander Lukashenko during a visit to the Russian Vostochny Cosmodrome.
«No one should think that Russia— power, and Belarus is small. Small spool but precious. We know what to put on the scales. We will stand,— quoted by the press service of the head of Belarus.
Lukashenko arrived in Vostochny with Russian President Vladimir Putin, who also spoke of Moscow's ability to deal with restrictive measures. According to the Belarusian president, when visiting the cosmodrome, “there was a feeling that there were no sanctions”: “Everything is mine. You do everything with your own hands. Why are we soaring here because of these sanctions. Why don't we build houses? Let's build. We'll do everything. We need a little time».
A different point of view was expressed on April 10 by the head of the Ministry of Economic Development of Belarus, Alexander Chervyakov, calling the Western sanctions “economic genocide.” The goal of the restrictions, he said, is “to completely destroy a number of industries that are key to our economy.” At the same time, Chervyakov believes that products that enter foreign markets in unfriendly countries (Minsk included 39 states in this list, including all EU countries, Britain, the USA and Canada) are highly competitive in price and quality.
After the presidential elections in Belarus in August 2020, the EU countries and the United States imposed several rounds of sanctions against Minsk, which affected officials, the country's public debt, state-owned companies, including Belavia; and Belorusneft. In addition, as part of the fifth package of EU sanctions against Russia, the EU imposed a ban on the import of potassium chloride from Belarus through its territory.
Lukashenko said in early April that the integration of Belarus and Russia would help to become “stronger than sanctions and diktat.”
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Lavrov said that the list of guarantor countries is being coordinated. Kyiv wants to see neighboring countries and members of the UN Security Council among them. Lukashenko said earlier that the position of Belarus should be voiced at the talks between Ukraine and Russia ” alt=”Lavrov said that Russia offered Belarus as a guarantor for Ukraine” />
Moscow offered Kiev to include Belarus among the security guarantors, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said at a press conference following the results of negotiations with his Armenian counterpart Ararat Mirzoyan, RIA Novosti reports.
Lavrov pointed out that Ukraine wants to see neighboring countries and a number of other states, including those from the permanent composition of the UN Security Council, among the guarantors of its security, provided that its neutral status.
“We proposed that among these guarantor countries would necessarily be the Republic of Belarus. And now all these issues, including the full range of guarantor countries, are being coordinated. We are in favor of Belarus being among them, — the minister explained.
Lavrov also noted that Russia would like Belarus to take part in organizing negotiations between Kiev and Moscow on a peaceful settlement.
«Belarus— an excellent platform for such negotiations to continue, although everything depends on the agreement of the parties and meetings in other countries, at other sites are not excluded, — the minister said.
The day before, on April 7, Lukashenko said that negotiations on Ukraine cannot take place without the participation of Belarus.
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“There can be no negotiations without the participation of Belarus. Since you got us into this— primarily Western countries, & mdash; there, at these negotiations, of course, the position of Belarus should be voiced, — said the president of the republic.
The head of state stressed that Belarus is not participating in hostilities, but they are going “behind the fence” and seriously affect the situation in the country. He proposed to the “three Slavic peoples” “agree on equal terms.”
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky on the same day announced a meeting of potential countries— security guarantors. Among them, he named the United States, Great Britain, Turkey, Poland, Germany, France, Israel, but specified that this is an incomplete list. France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Germany have already expressed their readiness to become guarantors of Ukraine.
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Prior to this, the Nexta, Nexta Live and Luxta channels had the status of extremist formations, and since April 8 they have been considered terrorist in Belarus. Channels are accused of promoting terrorism and organizing mass riots Belarus has recognized the Nexta Telegram channel as terrorist” />
The Supreme Court of Belarus recognized the Nexta Telegram channel, together with its Nexta Live and Luxta subdivisions, as terrorist organizations and banned their activities from April 8, the Belarusian Prosecutor General's Office reported.< /p>
“It has been established that since mid-2020, the said organization has been carrying out work related to extremist propaganda, including terrorist activities; searching for and uniting radically minded citizens to commit unlawful acts; training in technologies for the manufacture of explosives, improvised explosive incendiary devices, weapons, means of individual and group protection, as well as tactics of resisting law enforcement officers, — the department said. According to him, as a result of the activities carried out by these channels in Belarus, terrorist attacks and “other extremist crimes” were committed, mass riots took place.
The Prosecutor General's Office recalled that any participation in a terrorist organization entails criminal liability.
Nexta Live has over 1.7 million subscribers, Nexta— over 449 thousand subscribers, Luxta— more than 87 thousand. The Nexta editors actively covered the protests in Belarus after the presidential elections in the summer of 2020. In October 2020, the Nexta Live Telegram channel and the Nexta logo were recognized as extremist materials. A year later, the Ministry of Internal Affairs decided to recognize as an extremist formation “a group of citizens carrying out extremist activities through the Nexta, Nexta Live and Luxta Telegram channels.” As the head of the department of the Main Directorate for Combating Organized Crime of Belarus Vyacheslav Orlovsky explained, when assigning the status of an extremist formation to resources, responsibility under Art. 361-1 of the Criminal Code threatens both creators and organizers, as well as subscribers. They are brought to justice “pointwise, taking into account the role of everyone, relying on the evidence collected,” Orlovsky explained.
Chairman of the bar association “Starinskiy and Partners” Vladimir Starinsky told RBC that Russian channel subscribers could be held liable if they are on the territory of Belarus and violate the law there. At the same time, it is possible to seize a phone from a person and find a subscription to Telegram channels from him only if there are legal grounds— initiation of a criminal case. “If the case is not initiated, the person, for example, just came to visit relatives in Belarus and he has such subscriptions— he may not give the phone to the police for verification without the desire to do so, — emphasized the lawyer.
The founder of Telegram channels Stepan Putilo and former editor-in-chief Roman Protasevich were added to the list of terrorists in Belarus in November 2020. Protasevich was removed from a Ryanair plane in May last year, which flew from Athens to Vilnius, but landed urgently in Belarus after a report of mining (this information was not subsequently confirmed). Now he is under house arrest.
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Official delegations from Russia were not invited to the ceremony dedicated to the 77th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald and Belarus. This was reported by the press service of the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorial Foundation, which is the organizer of the event.
Buchenwald is one of the largest concentration camps in Germany. During World War II, more than 76 thousand people were killed in it.
April 13, 1945, American troops entered the camp. Two days before, an uprising broke out in it, in memory of which the International Day for the Liberation of Prisoners of Nazi Concentration Camps was established.
The restrictions were introduced two years ago due to the spread of the coronavirus
Moscow will remove at midnight on March 18, introduced in March 2020 due to the coronavirus, the restriction on the movement of citizens between Russia and Belarus. This was stated by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin at a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers.
The broadcast was conducted on the government's YouTube page.
“From 00:00 Moscow time on March 18, all restrictions are lifted on the movement of citizens within the Union State of Russia and Belarus. We talked about this with the Prime Minister of [Belarus] Roman Golovchenko at the beginning of the week, and agreed with the president on this decision, — he said.
According to Mishustin, freedom of movement is important in terms of “trade and economic cooperation and humanitarian contacts.” “Today this is especially true in the face of increased restrictions from unfriendly countries,” — added the prime minister, adding that the best response to the “sanctions pressure against Russia and Belarus” will deepen integration.
Restrictions on the movement of people across the Russian-Belarusian border were introduced on March 16, 2020. Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin ordered to partially close the border with Belarus due to the threat of the spread of coronavirus. Since March 30, 2020, traffic across the border with Belarus has been almost completely closed.
According to the order of the Russian Prime Minister, people could only cross the border in connection with the death of a close relative. Also, the restriction did not apply to Russian diplomats, employees of Russian missions to international organizations, as well as employees of the Standing Committee of the Union State and members of their families.
The measure also did not affect the category of citizens who are employed in international road, river or rail traffic, as well as residents of the Kaliningrad region traveling from one part of Russia to another by train. Also, the restriction did not apply to Russian citizens living in certain areas of the Donetsk and Lugansk regions of Ukraine.
In response to the measures taken by Russia, Alexander Lukashenko then said that “the world has gone crazy because of the coronavirus”, because, in his opinion, closing the borders is not advisable to fight the infection.
Moscow responded to this
The incidence of COVID-19 in Russia in has been declining in recent weeks, Health Minister Mikhail Murashko said on March 16. At the same time, Temon said that the number of cases in Russia and the world remains high and the development of the epidemiological situation will depend on the spread of the virus in March and April.
According to the head of the Ministry of Health, more than 85 thousand people are now being treated in Russian hospitals . another 700,000 are under medical supervision.
According to the operational headquarters for combating the spread of coronavirus, in Russia, 34,819 people were diagnosed with COVID-19 per day, 561 people died.
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The Belarusian IC is considering several versions of what happened, including the “violent nature of death”
Polish soldier Emil Chechko, who escaped during the migration crisis, was found dead in Minsk, according to the Telegram channel of the Belarusian Investigative Committee.
“Today, law enforcement agencies received a message about the discovery of Emil Chechko hanged at the place of residence in Minsk <…> Currently, an inspection is being carried out, a trace picture is being recorded, objects that are important for the investigation are being seized, — The report said.
The department clarified that a forensic medical examination would be appointed to establish the exact cause of death. “The Investigative Committee is considering all possible versions of what happened, including the violent nature of the death,” — added to SK.
Material is being supplemented
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TOEFL, an international English language testing system, has suspended tests in Russia and Belarus. This was announced by the ETS company that owns the system, Novye Izvestia reports.
It is noted that this decision was made due to the events in Ukraine. ETS has expressed support for calls to end the operation in Ukraine.
“We remain firmly committed to supporting all students in their educational journey and hope that peace will reign as soon as possible,” the company added.
On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military special operation in Ukraine to demilitarize and denazify it. In this regard, many foreign companies began to leave the Russian market, and Western countries imposed sanctions against the Russian Federation.
Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that Russia would make every effort to stop depending on Western countries for life. necessary areas.
MEGA shopping centers will remain open.
From March 4, the suspension of the work of the Swedish furniture concern IKEA will begin.
Officially, the company announced this in its press release, confirming that all Ingka Group stores in Russia and Belarus will be closed.
At the same time, MEGA shopping centers remain open in Russia, but IKEA stores will suspend work.
This was reported in a press release from the company.
“Inter IKEA is suspending all production carried out by IKEA Industry in Russia. This also means that all deliveries from all our Russian subcontractors to IKEA Industry facilities have been suspended”, – writes IKEA.
15,000 people who work for IKEA will be hit. The company promised to keep them income and employment in the future. Support will be provided to both employees and their families.
In addition, IKEA and the IKEA Foundation donate more than 400 million SEK to help refugees from Ukraine. This is $41 million.
Online sales in stores will be stopped from March 4, 2022. The restrictions will last until May 31.
Previously, Nike closed all its stores in Russia. Mitsubishi fired workers at 141 service centers. The day before, ASOS stopped shipping its products to Russia. It announced the suspension of activities in the Russian Federation and Škoda.
On Thursday, March 3, Volkswagen announced that it had stopped production in Russia, deliveries to the country would immediately stop.
In response to sanctions, Russia stopped deliveries of rocket engines to the United States manufactured by NPO Energomash.
This was announced by the head of the state corporation Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin on the air of the Rossiya 24 TV channel.
As Topnews wrote earlier, experts predicted that, due to sanctions, supplies from some countries will be replaced by products from others.
Thus, coffee, tea, cocoa and citrus fruits will be imported from countries that did not support anti-Russian sanctions. Now importers are urgently rebuilding their work.
You can take part only on the territory of the country
Next week, early voting in the referendum on changes to the country's Constitution will start in Belarus. Lukashenka appointed Sunday February 27 as the main date for the referendum. But already from the 22nd it will be possible to come to the polling station and vote. More than 5,000 sites will be opened across the country. MK talks about how the referendum will be held, what amendments will be made to the Constitution and whether Belarusians will be able to vote from abroad.
Lukashenko announced his desire to change the constitution even during the unrest that followed the presidential elections in 2020. The main innovation of the reform is the emergence of a new political institution: the All-Belarusian People's Assembly with expanded powers, among which, among other things, is the adoption of decisions on the resignation of the president. Now the SPC plans to convene at least once a year. If the amendments are adopted, the new authority will be headed by Lukashenko himself. The Constitution also returned a strict limitation on presidential terms for one person – no more than two. The full list of amendments can be found on the website of the head of the republic, where there is even an audio version of the Constitution with amendments for the visually impaired. It is voiced by the recognizable voices of the first National Channel of the Belarusian Radio.
The draft amendments and additions to the Constitution were posted on the National Legal Internet Portal on December 27. An active nationwide discussion began from the first days of the new year. In January, many discussion platforms were organized at factories and in labor collectives. You can send your proposals on the Constitution even now. Although this must be done carefully and correctly. Whatever happened, as with the Belarusian pensioner and ex-deputy of the Gomel village council Nikolai Vitikov, who was suddenly raided by the security forces in February after he sent his opinion to the editorial office of a local newspaper, where he spoke sharply about the upcoming reforms. Now Vitikov is in a pre-trial detention center, for inciting hatred he faces up to five years in prison.
Early voting will last until February 26. All week long, those who wish to express their will will be able to come to the polling stations from 10:00 to 14:00 and from 16:00 to 19:00. Early voting is a traditional phenomenon for Belarus, and the authorities expect that 40-50% of the population will take advantage of this opportunity. The only question submitted to the referendum is: “Do you accept amendments and additions to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus?” with two possible answers – “Yes” or “No”
The CEC of Belarus will also take care of the protection of ballots. Each of them will have a one-sided color. And for the first time, Belarusians will be able to receive ballots not only with an ordinary passport, but also with biometric data. But voting from abroad will not work – “the creation of polling stations outside the borders of the republic is not expected,” the CEC reports.
Multipurpose fighters Su-35S of the Russian Aerospace Forces have taken up combat duty to protect the borders of Belarus as part of an inspection of the response forces of the Union State, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation reported.
“The crews of Russian Su fighters -35C from the Eastern Military District, involved in checking the response forces of the Union State, took up combat duty to protect air borders at the Baranovichi airfield (Republic of Belarus) “, — The report says.
At the moment, the fighters of the Military Space Forces managed to work out the interception of air targets, which were the Belarusian Su-25 attack aircraft.
«After takeoffs, the duty fighters received the coordinates flight of air targets from command posts and aviation guidance points, after which they intercepted the target, — clarified in the military department.
Recall that the relocation of the Su-35S from the Khabarovsk Territory to Belarus began on January 22. The fighters arrived in the republic on January 27.
Earlier it was reported that domestic Su-30SM fighters patrolled the border of Belarus.
Checking the response forces of the Union State will take place in two stages. At the final stage, the Belarusian-Russian exercises “Allied Resolve-2022” will take place. They are scheduled for the period from 10 to 20 February.
Belarusian and Russian fighter crews, as part of the test of the reaction forces of the Union State, as part of mixed pairs, worked out the interception of border violators and air combat, the Ministry of Defense of Belarus reported on Telegram.
Checking the forces of the Union State held on Belarusian territory. At its first stage, until February 9, groupings of troops will be redeployed and created.
At the second stage, from February 10 to 20, joint Belarusian-Russian exercises “Allied Resolve-2022” will be held, within which they will work out the suppression and reflection of external aggression, as well as countering terrorism and protecting the interests of the Union State.
Earlier, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko spoke about the main goal of the joint exercises. He stressed the importance of the republic's employees knowing how to use Russian military equipment.
Also, NATO announced the largest deployment of Russian military forces in Belarus. The alliance again called on Russia to de-escalate the situation around Ukraine.
In addition, it was reported that the S-400 Triumph air defense system arrived in Belarus on combat duty. The personnel of the complex will have to make a march to the training ground in the Brest region.
On February 1, the US State Department asked citizens not to travel to Belarus because of military exercises with the Russian Federation. The agency issued a warning about “unusual and disturbing” concentration of Russian troops along the Belarusian-Ukrainian border.
Two divisions of S-400 air defense missile systems are sent to Belarus from the Far East, the RF Ministry of Defense reported.
The air defense units will reach the Belarusian test sites in a combined way: by rail and at its own pace. On Friday, the divisions marched to the station in the Khabarovsk Territory and loaded the equipment onto the railway platforms.
After arrival, the servicemen will equip positions and take up combat training as part of the test of the reaction forces of the Union State.
Recall that in December, the leaders of the two countries, Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko, agreed to conduct an unscheduled inspection of the troops and assess their readiness to ensure military security.
The inspection will take place in two stages. At the first stage, until February 9, the redeployment and creation of groupings of troops, the organization of the protection and defense of important state and military facilities, the protection of the border in the airspace, the verification of the readiness and ability of the on-duty forces and air defense systems will be carried out.
At the final stage the Belarusian-Russian exercises “Allied Resolve-2022” will take place. They are scheduled from 10 to 20 February.
Lukashenko: Russia and Belarus don't want war, but “you don't have to mess with them” Lukashenko pointed out the need to protect the border with Ukraine, whose authorities are behaving “unpredictably and inadequately.” He stressed that neither Moscow nor Minsk want war, but they will respond to aggression in such a way that “it won’t seem enough”
Belarus and Russia do not want war, but in the event of aggression against the Union State, “they will break so that it doesn’t seem enough,” Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko warned, BelTA reports.
“Therefore, you don’t need to mess with us. We cannot be defeated. <…> I'm not threatening, I'm just warning: God save you! said the president at a meeting on strengthening the military security of Belarus.
At the same time, Moscow and Minsk have enough land, “God forbid, hold it and develop it,” Lukashenka believes. “I think the leadership of Russia will also understand me. <…> God forbid, war, it will affect everyone. That's why we don't want to fight,»— he emphasized.
The President of the Republic at the meeting said that the border with Ukraine needs reliable protection. According to Lukashenka, ten years ago it was hard to imagine that the country “would have to create military units and a whole association to protect <…> southern borders» and build “not just a fence, but the most expensive security system on the southern borders” to defend against “relatives” her people. Belarus “with pain in the heart” observes how the leadership of Ukraine, “being under external control, sometimes behaves unpredictably and inadequately,” the president said.
unpredictability, inadequacy— and in case, God forbid, military action, we need to decide, & mdash; explained the head of state.
The President of Belarus has previously expressed concern about a possible threat from the south. In September 2021, he instructed to pay special attention to the border with Ukraine, where Western countries, in his opinion, are “dragging NATO troops”, creating “virtually bases” under the guise of training centers.
On January 17, Lukashenka announced the joint Belarusian-Russian exercises “Allied Resolve”. “Today we see that we need to conduct solid exercises in this western and southern region, the “Belarusian balcony”, — he said. The maneuvers will take place from 10 to 20 February and will be a reaction to the “continuing militarization of European countries.” The military personnel during the exercises will work out “a certain plan in confrontation with these forces: the west (the Baltic states and Poland) and the south (Ukraine)”. The President of Belarus has previously pointed to the gathering of more than 30,000 troops to the Belarusian borders in Poland and the Baltic States and the buildup of the military contingent from Ukraine.
Part of the Russian military has already arrived in the republic to participate in the exercises. The US State Department suggested that Russian troops deployed to Belarus to participate in the exercises could be used for an alleged attack on Ukraine from the north.
On the western border of Belarus, the situation with migrants worsened last fall. Columns of refugees (mainly from the Middle East) tried to break into the EU from the territory of the republic. In Poland and Lithuania, they announced the need to pull army and police forces to the border. After several days of clashes and negotiations between Lukashenka and the leadership of Germany, the migrants left the camps.
Last year, the situation on the Russian-Ukrainian border also worsened. In the foreign media and from the mouths of Western politicians, speculation began to sound about the impending Russian invasion of Ukraine. Moscow has repeatedly stated that it is not going to attack the neighboring country. Lukashenka said that Belarus would support Russia if Ukraine showed aggression against it.
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The air defense colonel assessed the consequences for the West of the transfer of the C-400 to Belarus
How to ensure a no-fly zone over Poland and Ukraine
To participate in the joint Russian-Belarusian military exercises “Allied Resolve-2022”, S -400. According to military analysts, if the S-400 launchers are installed in the west of Belarus, they will, if necessary, provide a no-fly zone over almost all of Poland.
Photo: ru.wikipedia.org Vitaly V. Kuzmin
When the S-400 is deployed in the south of Belarus, in which case the main part of the sky over Ukraine becomes a no-fly zone.
Is this true, and why should we this is necessary – “MK” was told by the ex-head of the anti-aircraft missile forces of the Special Forces Command (air defense district of Moscow), reserve colonel Sergey Khatylev.
– The deployment of the S-400 in Belarus, – the expert believes, – can just be attributed to those military-technical measures that our president spoke about as retaliatory measures in case we do not get consent to our proposals from the West.
Some understand by such measures the entry of our troops into Ukraine – and they say, our infantry will move along its roads, and Russian tanks will move across the fields. Nothing like that will happen. We don't need to move anyone. Right now, with the transfer of the S-400 to Belarus, we are just observing one of the options for answering the question: what kind of retaliatory measures will this be? The same can be attributed to the Iskander complexes, which are designed to strike at ground targets. If they were deployed in the Kaliningrad region, then a significant part of Europe is in the zone of their defeat.
Colonel Khatylev explained that if the S-400s are indeed deployed in the west of Belarus or on its southern borders, then it will turn out that the locators of this complex will be able to see all air targets at a distance of up to 600 kilometers. That is, in fact, to view almost the entire airspace over neighboring countries. Shooting in this case with 40N6 missiles in the homing mode will be possible at targets at a distance of about 400 km. Why do you not have one of the options for a military-technical response to NATO's approach to our borders?
Moreover, the expert notes, the S-400 alone is never installed. Together with them, the Pantsir complexes are usually placed, which are used as a means of direct protection and defense of the S-400. “Shells” work at low and ultra-low altitudes. The alignment is something like this: to protect one S-300 or S-300 division, you need about four “Shells”, which also have their own command post. So, if the S-400s are transferred to the exercises, Khatylev believes, then “together with them there will still be healthy how many of our equipment will be!”.
– Why, in fact, do Americans and Europeans raise such a cry? – says the expert. – By installing our S-400 systems directly at the borders of Europe, we deprive their AWACS-type reconnaissance aircraft of the opportunity to fly up and view Russian territory. At a distance of 600 km from the border, they are already spotted by the locators of our air defense systems, and at a distance of 400 km from the border, they fall into the S-400 kill zone. In fact, we are leveling the technical capabilities of AWACS aircraft for reconnaissance.
Colonel Khatylev reminds us that we should also not forget the capabilities of our electronic warfare (EW) equipment.
– If we cover our group more and electronic warfare equipment – and this is an indispensable condition – the expert says – then in this area a no-fly zone is formed not only for aircraft, but also for all kinds of drones, including the smallest ones. And if we add up the capabilities of electronic warfare, “long-range” S-400s and “Shells”, which will operate at low altitudes and ranges, then we can assume that an almost echeloned air defense system is being created over the border area. At the same time, it turns out that the equipment is in Russia or Belarus, and its affected area is located over Poland, Lithuania or Ukraine. And all this absolutely does not require any additional financial costs for us.
On December 30, at the age of 84, an outstanding conductor and public figure, People's Artist of Belarus Mikhail Kozinets, died, the Belarusian State Philharmonic Society reported.
“Belarusian art has suffered an irreparable loss. Mikhail Kozinets & mdash; an elder of the national conducting school, he was one of the most significant figures in the history of Belarusian musical art in recent decades, '', & mdash; the message says.
Mikhail Kozinets was born on May 18, 1938 in the village of Tsyntsevichi, Vileika district of Belarus. In 1965 he graduated from the Belarusian Academy of Music, accordion class, and in 1973 – & mdash; in the class of opera and symphony conducting. & nbsp;
For a long time he was a professor at the Belarusian State Academy of Music, founder and leader of the Young Belarus orchestra, rector of the academy, artistic director of the festival Belarus & mdash; my song ''.
In 1972, Kozinets became a conductor, and in 1975, & mdash; artistic director and chief conductor of the I.Zhinovich National Academic People's Orchestra of the Republic of Belarus. Under his leadership, the orchestra reached its true heyday, & mdash; told at the Philharmonic.
For his multifaceted creative activity and outstanding contribution to the development of Belarusian and Soviet musical culture, he was awarded the State Prize of Belarus and the Prize for Spiritual Revival, Francisk Skaryna medals, the Order of Friendship of Peoples and the Order of Honor .
Earlier today it became known about the death of the Soviet and Belarusian actor and director Vladimir Ponochevny.
Boris Gryzlov, the ex-Interior Minister, who has headed the Supreme Council of United Russia since 2002 and has led the State Duma for two convocations, will become Russia's new ambassador to Belarus. Acting Ambassador Yevgeny Lukyanov took this position in March
The new ambassador to Belarus
Plenipotentiary Representative of Russia in the Contact Group for the Resolution of the Situation in Ukraine and Chairman of the Supreme Council of United Russia Boris Gryzlov will become the new ambassador to Belarus, a source in the Foreign Ministry told RBC and confirmed another diplomatic source dealing with Belarus. This is also reported by Znak with reference to an interlocutor in the State Duma.
& laquo; Gryzlov & mdash; a political heavyweight, a man of reputation, he is trusted by the president. Therefore, his appointment demonstrates the importance of cooperation between Russia and Belarus, speaks of an even greater rapprochement between our countries, '', & mdash; Znak quotes the words of the interlocutor. According to one of the sources of RBC, “ Boris Vyacheslavovich & mdash; a person with vast political and international experience, and what is important, experience of interaction with the fraternal republics. ''
Gryzlov's candidacy has already been approved by the CIS committee in the State Duma. Now his candidacy must be approved by the relevant committee of the Federation Council, after which the president will sign a decree on his appointment, Belarus must also approve the arrival of a new ambassador, for which an agreman is needed.
Since 2018, this is the fourth change of the Russian ambassador to Belarus … Gryzlov will replace Yevgeny Lukyanov, the former head of the Russian diplomatic mission in Latvia, as an ambassador. Lukyanov took this position less than a year ago, in March, replacing Dmitry Mezentsev, who moved to the post of Secretary of the Union State. Before Mezentsev, the diplomatic mission was headed by Mikhail Babich for less than a year, and before that, from 2006 to 2018, the embassy was headed by Alexander Surikov.
Who is Boris Gryzlov
Born in 1950 in Vladivostok. In 1973 he graduated from the Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute of Communications named after V.I. Professor M.A. Bonch-Bruevich, candidate of political sciences.
In October 1999, he headed the St. Petersburg regional branch of the Unity movement. In the same year, they were first elected to the State Duma.
From March 2001 to December 2003 & mdash; Minister of Internal Affairs.
From 2003 to 2011 & mdash; speaker of the State Duma.
In 2015, he was appointed the representative of Russia in the trilateral Contact Group on resolving the situation in eastern Ukraine.
Why the replacement will happen
Mezentsev headed the Russian embassy in the country during last year's August protests. Under Lukyanov, a decree was signed on deepening the integration of the Union State, which has been actively negotiated since 2018. On the mission of Gryzlov falls a referendum on changing the Belarusian Constitution & mdash; President Alexander Lukashenko promised to hold it in January-February 2022. Voting was conceived as a point of reconciliation between opponents and supporters of the authorities. After him, early presidential elections are possible. “ I will not work with you as president with the new Constitution, '' & mdash; Lukashenko said last November.
Boris Gryzlov and President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko are well acquainted, over the years of political work they have met many times & mdash; and when Gryzlov was the Minister of Internal Affairs, and when he headed the State Duma. In the early 2000s, Gryzlov worked on the creation of the Constitutional Act of the Union State of Belarus and Russia. This document was not adopted.
Taking into account Gryzlov's professional experience, we can say that a trusted person is sent to Minsk who, without distortion, will transfer sensitive information from one leader to another, he has weight and understanding of the political agenda, he said RBC Russian expert Evgeny Minchenko.
“ The change of the ambassador is obviously connected with the increasing level of tasks facing Russia in the Belarusian direction. Integration programs for the development of the Union State were signed on November 4, but did not envisage supranational political or coordinating institutions that could guarantee the implementation of the signed. Therefore, the main integration work will be carried out “ horizontally '' & mdash; directly between departments and relying on the embassies of the two countries '', & mdash; Sergei Rekeda, Associate Professor of the Basic Department of Eurasian Economic Integration of the Institute of National Economy and Public Administration, RANEPA, director of the Center for the Study of Integration Prospects told RBC. “ Taking into account the administrative status of the new ambassador and personal closeness to the head of state, we can conclude that Gryzlov will actually play the role of the president's special representative for the development of cooperation, albeit without a corresponding addition to the post of ambassador, '' & mdash; Rekeda concludes.
In Minsk, the reason for the replacement of the Russian ambassador to Belarus is explained by “ Russian internal processes. '' A member of the Constitutional Commission, political scientist Alexander Shpakovsky told RBC about this. “ Both Lukyanov and Gryzlov, they both fully correspond to the high level of representation. And Lukyanov was part of the president's entourage and is now included to some extent, and Gryzlov & mdash; a leading figure in the Russian political establishment. Here we must look for the reasons in Russia. Perhaps there will be some reshuffles in the leadership of the United Russia party, & mdash; the expert suggests. According to Shpakovsky, the replacement of the ambassador is not connected with problems in the integration of Russia and Belarus. Already without that, in his opinion, there is “ every chance that an active and positive spurt will take place in the near future. '' “ 28 union programs have already been signed, and the future depends only on the speed of their implementation in national legislation, '' & mdash; adds an expert.
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