The Russian delegation presented proposals for the export of agricultural products from Ukrainian territory at the talks in Istanbul, in which Ukraine, Turkey and the UN take part
The Russian side at the talks in Turkey presented a package of proposals for the export of agricultural products from the ports in Chernoye sea, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense. What they are, the department did not specify.
Four-party talks with the participation of representatives of Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and the UN on the removal of grain stuck on Ukrainian territory are held in Istanbul behind closed doors.
The meeting was previously announced by the Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Petr Ilyichev, and Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar, without voicing a specific agenda. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov later said that the issue of an agreement on the export of Ukrainian grain is being worked out through the military, so all admissible data on this occasion will be provided by the Russian Ministry of Defense.
On the day of the meeting, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba said that Moscow and Kyiv are “two steps away” from reaching an agreement on the export of grain, its deliveries will soon begin if “Russia really wants it.” According to the minister, Ukraine is ready to export its grain to the international market and “is in the same boat” with countries that desperately need it.
Kyiv and Western countries say that due to the Russian military operation, millions of tons of grain are stuck in Ukrainian ports, which cannot be taken out. As of the beginning of May, according to the UN, 4.5 million tons of grain have accumulated in Ukraine. In the middle of the month, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken gave a different assessment & mdash; 20 million tons. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky spoke about the same volumes. The UN warns that the situation could lead to a food crisis.
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Russia insists that it does not interfere with the export of wheat and, for its part, claims that Ukraine has mined certain sections of the Black Sea. President Vladimir Putin said at the end of June that, according to Russian experts, 5-6 million tons of wheat and 7 million tons of corn remain in Ukraine, but the export of these volumes will not solve the problem on the world food market. Oleg Kobyakov, director of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) office for relations with Russia, said earlier that grain stuck in Ukrainian ports is less than 1% of the grain turnover on the international market.
Turkey acts as an intermediary in solving problems with grain supplies. In early July, Deputy Foreign Minister Faruk Kaymakci said that Ankara considers it expedient to create export corridors through the Black Sea. According to Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, the UN has a plan to organize a grain corridor from Ukraine, but the solution of this issue partially depends on Russia's response.
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