Dazzling MiG. A fighter from the 70s will be made the most dangerous in the world


Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko reported deep & nbsp; modernization of MiG-31 fighter-interceptors. Overhaul of these aircraft with improvement to the level of MiG-31BM is being carried out & nbsp; at the aircraft plant 'Sokol' In Nizhniy Novgorod. It is assumed that the modernization will significantly increase the combat capabilities, it will be able to destroy any air targets & mdash; ranging from drones and cruise missiles to hypersonic aircraft.

Overhaul with modernization of each aircraft takes about a year. During this time, the interceptors completely change the on-board equipment, the cockpit canopy, and the wiring. The glider, which is made of titanium, is being tidied up. This metal has an almost unlimited resource, however, some aircraft require replacement of the coating. The integration of modern aviation weapons is also being carried out. In particular, the mechanical control system is changed to a fly-by-wire, for which on-board computers are installed on board.

Previously, discussions were held on the fate and timing of the decommissioning of these interceptors. In particular, they consume a lot of fuel – full refueling – about 15-odd tons, about 10 tons are spent per hour. & Nbsp; The State Duma Defense Committee even held special hearings on the MiG-31. As a result, they still began to modernize. This began in 2011, and is currently undergoing repairs to the combatant and in reserve MiG-31B to the level of the MiG-31BM. Under two contracts, the Ministry of Defense ordered the improvement of a total of 114 interceptors for the Aerospace Forces and the Navy. The improved MiG-31BM received an updated radar that allows you to see the enemy at a distance of up to 320 km and destroy them with long-range missiles at a distance of 280 km. The new weapon control system made it possible to equip the vehicle with more modern ammunition. Currently, the development of ultra-long-range air-to-air ammunition is underway for the interceptors.

In 2018, the MiG corporation completed the creation of a special modification of the MiG-31K. Its feature is the equipment with hypersonic aeroballistic missiles “ Dagger '' to attack ground targets. The fighter received new on-board equipment, an increased fuel supply, and special communications equipment. Since 2018, ten MiG-31Ks have been on experimental combat duty in the Southern Military District.

MiG-31 & mdash; fighter-interceptor developed by the USSR for air combat in the 70s of the last century. It is the largest aircraft of this class in service with the countries of the world. All the MiG-31BM in service were built in the late 1980s & mdash; early 1990s. Their service life is limited to 2.5 thousand flight hours; the issue of extending it by a thousand hours is currently being considered, which will allow the interceptors to remain in service at least until the mid-2030s. By that time, the MiG will become one of the oldest types of combat aircraft in service with the Russian Aerospace Forces.

Due to its mass of more than 46 tons, the aircraft is classified differently than conventional fighters. The pilot of a two-seater aircraft, the only one in operational-tactical aviation, is officially called the ship's commander. Only pilots of heavy bombers and transport aircraft have this privilege. & Nbsp;

The MiG-31 still bears the title of the fastest fighter in the world. Maximum flight speed & ndash; 3 thousand kilometers per hour. The aircraft is designed to intercept and destroy targets, including cruise and ballistic missiles, at extremely low, medium and high altitudes in simple and difficult weather conditions. Earlier, foreign experts drew attention to & nbsp; for the expanded arsenal of MiG-31BM and MiG-31BSM interceptors, including the new R-74M short-range air-to-air missile, which makes the MiG-31 one of the most versatile aircraft.

Today & nbsp; The MiG-31BM is considered the most effective fighter in aerial combat. It is second only to the aircraft of the fifth generation Su-57. By 2030, Russia is set to commission an entirely new class of interceptors. It is expected that the upcoming sixth generation of MiG-41 fighters will be able to fight even in near space. The interceptor will be able to fly at hypersonic speeds, twice as fast as the current MiG-31.

The Soviet Union also existed & nbsp; program to modernize interceptors, but the collapse of the USSR prevented the implementation of the MiG-31M, the project was canceled in 1995 after several successful flight tests due to the economic situation in Russia. The MiG-31 was more expensive to manufacture than the Su-27. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia decided to focus on universal models. Although the Su-27 was inferior in terms of characteristics to the MiG-31, it was easier to adapt it for various military tasks.

Источник aif.ru



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