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Medvedev called threats “hellish sanctions” “ritual dance”


Dmitry Medvedev urged not to frighten Russia with “hellish sanctions” Western countries promise to introduce “unprecedented sanctions” against Russia in case of its invasion of Ukraine. Dmitry Medvedev believes that those who threaten sanctions do not themselves believe in the effectiveness of their statements

Dmitry Medvedev

Even those who threaten Russia with sanctions do not believe that this threat will work, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev said in an interview with Russian media.

we will say this in order to perform this ritual dance. And they regularly perform it,— Medvedev explained (quote from RIA Novosti). He urged not to frighten Russia with “hellish sanctions.”

“There can always be problems, but these problems can be definitely solved,” — emphasized the Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of Russia.

Commenting on the possibility of a ban on the conversion of the ruble, Medvedev said that in the event of restrictions on transactions in dollars and euros, Russia will switch to Chinese yuan. “The absence of dollar payments can be replaced by payments in euros. If there are decisions on the euro, there is the yuan. <…> I don’t know who will lose more from this,»— he said. Medvedev recalled that Russia is already pursuing a course towards a more balanced currency basket and, if necessary, can “make certain redistribution within this basket.”

Earlier that the threat of sanctions from The West does not belong “to the category of real politics,” said Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko.

The United States and other states warn Russia of “unprecedented sanctions” in the event of its invasion of Ukraine. Moscow has repeatedly stated that it is not planning an attack.

On January 25, a US administration spokesman said at a briefing that the country was preparing sanctions measures against Russia in the event of an escalation of the conflict in Ukraine. The package will include export and financial restrictions, with implications for Moscow that are broader than those considered after Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014. According to Reuters, Washington expects European partners to join the sanctions.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the same day said that the countries of the West “in unison” respond to Russia's attack on Ukraine and the sanctions in this case will be tougher than all previously introduced.

The Bild newspaper wrote that the damage from new restrictions could amount to more than $50 billion. According to publications, the West plans to block the supply of raw materials from Russia, limit the work of embassies and reduce the supply of Russian weapons. During the visit of US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and CIA Director William Burns to Berlin, the German side assured that in the event of a Russian invasion, it would not allow the launch of Nord Stream 2, Bild reported.

In the United States, senators from the Democratic and Republican parties have introduced bills on measures against Russia. Both the Democrats' draft and the Republican Marco Rubio's document include personal sanctions against Russian President Vladimir Putin. On Wednesday, January 26, a CBS correspondent, citing sources, said that the authorities had abandoned sanctions against Putin because it would make it difficult for Western colleagues to negotiate with him.

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Peskov estimated the chances of concluding an analogue of the declaration on the end of the Cold War


Peskov: now one can only dream of an analogue of the declaration on the end of the Cold War alt=”Peskov assessed the chances of concluding an analogue of the declaration on the end of the Cold War” />

Dmitry Peskov

One can only dream of concluding agreements by modern politicians similar to the Declaration on the End of the Cold War, signed by Russia and the United States 30 years ago, Dmitry Peskov, press secretary of the President of Russia, said.

According to him, against the backdrop of worsening relations between Russia and the West, the Kremlin is not inclined to overestimate the significance of the upcoming anniversary of the declaration.

“It is unlikely that it [the declaration] is capable of influencing the formation of the political consciousness of the current leaders. In the current conditions, one can only dream of signing such papers. But still, we have other responsibilities, and dreams— that's not what we're paid for,” — noted Peskov (TASS quote).

The Declaration on the End of the Cold War was signed on February 1, 1992 by the Presidents of Russia and the United States, Boris Yeltsin and George W. Bush. In particular, the document stated that Russia and the United States do not consider each other “as potential adversaries.” Russian-American relations after the signing of the Declaration were to develop in the direction of “friendship and partnership”; and be based “on mutual trust, respect and a shared commitment to democracy and economic freedom.”

The aggravation of relations between Russia and NATO took place last autumn, when publications appeared in the Western media about Russia's military buildup on the border with Ukraine and Moscow's plans to invade the country. The United States has threatened to impose harsh sanctions against Russia in the event of aggression towards Ukraine.

The Kremlin denies the existence of plans for an invasion, and the movement of Russian troops across the country was called exclusively an internal affair of Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly noted the build-up of NATO's military presence and infrastructure near the Russian borders, and also drew attention to the fact that strategic bombers of the alliance fly 20 km from the state border, which “goes beyond certain limits”.

Later, the Russian Foreign Ministry handed over to the United States and NATO draft agreements on security guarantees, in which, among others, there was a clause on the non-expansion of the alliance to the east. This is Moscow's key demand.

Following consultations on these agreements, the United States sent a written response to Russia's demands. However, according to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, there was no positive reaction on the issue, which Moscow considers the main one.

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Germany announces readiness to impose sanctions against Nord Stream 2


Burbock: Germany is ready to impose sanctions against Nord Stream 2 in the event of an “invasion” of Ukraine But if it doesn’t work out, the sanctions will also affect Nord Stream 2, she threatened

Berlin is ready to impose sanctions against the Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline in the event of a possible Russian invasion of Ukraine. This, speaking in the Bundestag, said German Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock, the newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reports.

“In the event of a new aggression, we have a wide range of responses, including responses to Nord Stream 2, — said Burbock.

“Yes, we always want dialogue: whoever speaks does not shoot,”— assured the head of the Foreign Ministry. However, according to Burbock, Germany and its allies “have made it clear that the resumption of hostilities against Ukraine will have serious consequences for Russia.”

At the same time, the minister sharply criticized the Russian approach. “It's hard not to see this as a threat when hundreds of thousands of soldiers with tanks and weapons are concentrated near the Ukrainian border for no clear reason,” — Burbock continued. She also opposed Russia's demands for “so-called security guarantees that are not compatible with European security pillars.”

Earlier, US State Department spokesman Ned Price said that if Russia “one way or another” will invade Ukraine, the situation with the launch of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline won't budge. Prior to this, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said that he had agreed with Burbock to oppose Russia's use of energy resources as a weapon.

Austrian Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg said that large-scale sanctions that would be imposed against Russia in the event of an invasion of Ukraine, Nord Stream 2 will not be affected, since Europe depends on gas supplies.

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Moscow declared the inadmissibility of “even the thought” of a war with Ukraine


Zaitsev from the Foreign Ministry: even the thought of a war with Ukraine is unacceptable The Foreign Ministry ruled out any plans of Russia to attack a neighboring country. But Kiev's “overseas curators” continue to adhere to the scenario they invented, said a ministry spokesman

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Russia does not even allow the thought of a war with Ukraine, said the deputy director of the department information and press of the Ministry of Foreign AffairsAleksey Zaitsev.

He mentioned the statements of the Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, Oleksiy Danilov, that Kiev sees no reason for the “invasion”; Russia to Ukraine, which the West is talking about. Defense Minister Alexei Reznikov agrees with him, the diplomat pointed out.

“For our part, we have repeatedly stated that our country is not going to attack anyone. We consider unacceptable even the idea of ​​a war between our peoples,»,— he noted.

However, Zaitsev continued, “Ukraine’s overseas curators” a different opinion on this matter. “It seems that they intend to firmly adhere to the scenario he invented, according to which Russia should attack Ukraine, taking up arms against the entire Western world, and they are trying to do everything possible to bring it to life,” & mdash; considers the deputy director of the DIP.

If “something does not go according to plan”, the West begins to escalate the situation. As an example, he cited an order to evacuate embassy personnel from Kiev, and an increase in military supplies. “And they shout even louder about the mythical Russian threat, even naming the time he planned for the Russian attack on Ukraine: sometime between now and mid-February,” — he added.

At the same time, anyone who dares to have a point of view “will inevitably pay with his career, and possibly with his safety.” He recalled the resignation of German Vice Admiral Kai-Achim Schönbach, who said that Kiev had lost Crimea, and called statements about Russia's plans to attack Ukraine nonsense.

“The President of Croatia, who considered that Ukraine had no place in NATO, was entered into the database of the extremist website” Peacemaker “, as, indeed, the aforementioned German Vice Admiral,” Zaitsev pointed out.

After the statement by the Foreign Ministry about the unacceptability of the war between Russia and Ukraine, the dollar exchange rate fell by almost ₽1.9, to ₽77.61, the euro— by ₽2.8, up to ₽86.57. The US currency fell below ₽78 for the first time since January 24 this year, the European currency fell below ₽87 for the first time since January 21.

The West has repeatedly claimed that Russia is preparing an “invasion” to Ukraine. The possible timing of the attack in the White House, in particular, called mid-January— mid February. US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman also spoke about the fact that Russia is planning aggression against Ukraine by mid-February. Washington claims that Russia is preparing a military provocation under a false flag, looking for an excuse to invade a neighboring country. The Kremlin denied these words. The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, in turn, said that the West is striving “for a real provocation” so that “the Kiev regime breaks into a military operation in the Donbass, or in some other way bury the Minsk agreements completely.”

The West threatens Russia with unprecedented sanctions in case of aggression, and NATO has already announced the transfer of forces.

Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly urged the population not to panic because of reports of a possible Russian attack . In particular, President Volodymyr Zelensky asked Ukrainians to beware of “nonsense.”

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The President of Lithuania offered to speak with Moscow, “without ringing weapons”


President of Lithuania Nauseda: it is not necessary to ring a weapon to protect the interests of NATO It is possible to achieve the necessary actions from Russia not only by “ringing a weapon”, but also through diplomatic methods, said Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda. But Moscow needs to be shown that the cost of invading Ukraine will be very high, he believes .jpg” alt=”The President of Lithuania offered to speak with Moscow “without clanging weapons”” />

Gitanas Nauseda

NATO does not have to support Ukraine and take care of its own interests, following the path of confrontation with Moscow, diplomacy can be used effectively, Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda believes. He expressed this conviction in an interview with the LRT television and radio company.

The question was asked what Lithuania would do if Russia attacked Ukraine.

“Lithuania is ready to help Ukraine in every possible way. <…> NATO as an organization should primarily take care of collective and regional security. And it doesn't have to be done by clanging a weapon,— answered the President of Lithuania.

He advised the alliance's diplomats to harmonize their rhetoric in order to send Moscow “the clearest possible” a signal of NATO's plans to counter a potential invasion of Ukraine. This, Nauseda believes, will achieve the desired result.

To a clarifying question whether Lithuania would participate in the military conflict, the politician repeated that the country was ready to provide Ukraine with the necessary assistance.

NATO members accuse Moscow of preparing a military operation on the territory of Ukraine since autumn last year, and Russia denies it is planning a military operation.

In parallel, the US, NATO and Russia are discussing mutual security guarantees. Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly said that NATO is building up its military presence and developing infrastructure near the Russian borders, and also drew attention to the fact that the alliance's strategic bombers fly 20 km from the Russian border, which “goes beyond certain limits.”

Due to the escalation of the situation, NATO has decided to send troops, aircraft and fighter jets to Eastern Europe. However, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg promised that the bloc would not deploy troops on the territory of Ukraine. The EU has also decided to send additional financial assistance to Ukraine, and the US is discussing the supply of new arms shipments.

Negotiations between Russia, the US and NATO on security guarantees have so far come to nothing: the alliance has rejected Moscow’s proposal to abandon plans for expansion to the east . The US also gave Russia a written response to its proposal. Commenting on Washington's response, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov told reporters that there is still no positive reaction to the main question in the American side's response to Russian proposals for security guarantees.

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Zelensky called “the first priority” for Kiev and “an element for the world”


President Zelensky: ceasefire in Donbas is a priority for Ukraine “Stable and unconditional silence in Donbas” is Kiev's main priority and a condition for further steps in the negotiations, the President of Ukraine said, assessing the negotiations in Paris. Moscow assessed the progress at the meeting as zero “first priority” for Kiev and “element for the world” />

After reaching a reliable and guaranteed ceasefire in Donbass, the next steps can be taken in the negotiations within the Normandy Four. This was stated by President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, speaking about the results of the talks held the day before by political advisers of the Normandy Four countries. The statement was published on the website of the President of Ukraine.

“For our state, the first priority for today— this is the achievement of stable and unconditional silence in the Donbass. The ceasefire regime must be guaranteed, reliable, and it is on this basis that the following steps can be taken, — stressed the head of state.

Zelensky linked the implementation of the Minsk agreements with the summit of the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France, calling the negotiations of the heads of state mandatory.

“We consider the intensification of the work of the Normandy format as an obligatory element of the movement towards a fair and stable peace in Donbas through the implementation of the Minsk agreements; at the level of leaders»,— The report says.

Kyiv has repeatedly put forward initiatives for a summit meeting both within the framework of the Normandy format and between the presidents of Russia and Ukraine. Moscow rejected these proposals, insisting that an agenda for such meetings should be worked out, documents developed, and earlier commitments fulfilled.

From the Russian side on the “Norman” The meeting in Paris was attended by Dmitry Kozak, deputy head of the presidential administration, who described the results with much less optimism. According to him, “while progress is practically zero”, the parties spent eight hours revising the Minsk agreements, since in Kiev their provisions are interpreted differently than in Moscow.

Kozak also noted the lack of progress in a key moment— Kiev's direct negotiations with the self-proclaimed republics, since the Minsk agreements provide for the harmonization of the provisions of political reform in Ukraine with them. Andriy Yermak, head of the office of the President of Ukraine, who led the Ukrainian delegation at the talks, categorically rejected the possibility of such talks. In Ukraine, the DPR and LPR have been declared terrorist organizations.

The next meeting of advisers within the Normandy trial will take place in two weeks in Berlin.

Moscow has repeatedly accused Kiev of sabotage and failure to comply with the Minsk agreements. Their political part provides for amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine, a general amnesty and the granting of a special status to certain areas of Donbass. All foreign participants in the process also repeatedly called the Minsk agreements the only way to achieve peace in the Donbass.

Kiev officially did not refuse to implement them: at the Normandy Four summit; in Paris in December 2019, President Zelensky confirmed the relevant commitments. In reality, however, politicians in Kiev often openly describe the agreements as unworkable.

In recent months, Western leaders have been insisting that Russia is preparing an invasion of Ukraine, threatening Moscow with sanctions, and demanding a de-escalation. The Ukrainian leadership has repeatedly urged not to panic. In Kiev, they believe that there is no immediate threat of a Russian attack. Moscow has repeatedly stated that they are not preparing aggression against Ukraine.

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The head of the State Duma Committee announced the consideration of the application for recognition of the LPR and DPR in February


Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

The Duma Committee on CIS Affairs, Eurasian Integration and Relations with Compatriots intends to discuss the project submitted by the Communist Party faction in early February the Duma's appeal to Russian President Vladimir Putin regarding the recognition of the self-proclaimed DPR and LPR as independent. Committee Chairman Leonid Kalashnikov spoke about this.

Earlier, the State Duma deputies from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, in their draft letter to the Russian leader, asked him to consider the issue of recognizing the self-proclaimed republics of Donbass as independent states and about holding consultations with the leadership of the republics as soon as possible in order to form a legal the basis of interstate relations and to regulate all aspects of cooperation and mutual assistance.

It is noted that the committee asked all factions to provide their views on this issue so that the conclusion of the committee could be further adopted.

Источник www.mk.ru

The Russian Foreign Ministry called the idea of ​​a war with Ukraine unacceptable


Photo: Mikhail Kovalev

The Russian Foreign Ministry ruled out Russia's plans to attack Ukraine. Alexei Zaitsev, Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department, said at a briefing that Moscow considers the very idea of ​​a war with a neighboring republic unacceptable.

“Our country is not going to attack anyone. We consider unacceptable even the idea of ​​a war between our peoples,” the diplomat stressed.

Zaitsev recalled that Oleksiy Danilov, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, also said that Kiev sees no reason for Russia to attack Ukraine. Aleksey Reznikov, head of the country's Ministry of Defense, agrees with this opinion.

At the same time, the diplomat noted that Ukraine's Western curators have a different opinion. According to him, they are going to firmly adhere to the scenario they have developed, according to which Russia should invade Ukraine, after which the entire Western world will take up arms against it.

If something does not go according to plan, the West escalates the situation, stressed Zaitsev. As an example, he cited orders to evacuate embassies from Kiev and increase military supplies to Ukraine.

Recently, reports in the West about an allegedly impending Russian invasion of Ukraine have become more frequent. The Russian side has repeatedly stated that it is not going to attack anyone. In Moscow, the actions of Western countries are regarded as an attempt to create a pretext for deploying additional NATO weapons near the Russian borders.

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Zelensky commented on the Normandy Four meeting


photo: Wikipedia

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky spoke about the meeting of the political advisers of the leaders of the countries participating in the Normandy format. The head of state praised the talks, which lasted more than 8 hours, were meaningful and allowed “outlining the possibility of achieving solutions necessary for peace.”

According to Zelensky, Ukraine's main priority is “achieving a stable and unconditional silence in the Donbass” ;. He added that he meant “guaranteed and reliable” a ceasefire in the region, which would become the basis for further steps.

The presidential press service also expressed their desire to intensify the work of the Normandy format also at the level of the leaders of the respective countries.

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Politico reveals scenario for Russia’s “invasion” of Ukraine


According to the publication, the Russian Federation may try to occupy the eastern part of the republic

The Russian Federation may try to seize the territory of Ukraine east of the Dnieper River, launching an offensive on several fronts at once. The corresponding scenario of the “invasion” allegedly being prepared by Moscow was predicted by experts from the United States, writes Politico.

Photo: pixabay.com

As the American publication emphasizes, although there are a large number of scenarios for the development of events – from the creation of a “land bridge” to Crimea to the complete occupation of the republic, the scenario with an attempt to take control of the eastern part of Ukraine seems to be the most likely. From the point of view of experts from the United States and a number of other states, a series of skirmishes in the Donbass, which will subsequently develop into a full-scale military conflict, may start an armed confrontation.

The authors of the article suggested that Russia could attack Ukraine from several directions using military equipment and aircraft. So, according to experts' forecasts, the main goal of the “invasion” will be the capture of Kiev, which will be attacked from both sides of the Dnieper and from the air. After that, as suggested in the United States, Russian military personnel will attempt to apply the same approach to other key cities in Ukraine, such as Kharkov. In addition to the regular army, Moscow can send Russian Guard troops to the conflict zone to ensure order in the captured settlements and fight dissidents, the interviewed experts shared their opinion.

Thus, experts believe, the Russian Federation will be able to establish control over eastern Ukraine and create a so-called puppet government in Kiev. At the same time, the western part of the republic, where the overwhelming majority of the population speaks Ukrainian, will turn into a kind of stump country that will act as a buffer between the Russian Federation and the North Atlantic Alliance, the publication says. With such a development of events, the Kremlin, in all likelihood, will consider that the threat posed by an independent Ukraine has been eliminated, but the price of such a solution to the problem will be high for all parties, the journalists of the American edition summarized.

Recently from Kiev and the states of the West, statements about the threat of a Russian attack on Ukraine are increasingly heard. At the same time, the Russian side denies the existence of any plans for an invasion. In particular, the official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Maria Zakharova, said that, hiding behind an allegedly imminent attack by Russia, Kiev itself is preparing provocations.

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In Russia, they told what weapons can be supplied to the militias of Donbass


Pantsiri, Tornado, Iskanders

In the unrecognized republics of the LPR and DPR, they supported the proposal of Russian Senator Andrey Turchak to start supplying weapons to the defenders of Donbass from Russia. They immediately stated that they most of all need air defense and electronic warfare equipment that would help shoot down Ukrainian drones. However, a number of military experts believe that air defense systems alone in the event of an attack by Ukrainian troops will not be enough for the defenders of the LPR and DPR. We also need percussion instruments. “MK” found out from experts what weapons Russia can supply to Donbass and what not, and why. For example, can Iskander missile systems reach Donbass?

Photo: dan-news.info.

– If the decision on the supply of weapons to the LPR and the DPR is made at the official level, – believes Alexei Leonkov, a military expert, editor of the Arsenal of the Fatherland publication, – then this, of course, will first of all be the supply of air defense systems, with which everything is not very good there well. Of course, I would add electronic warfare systems to them – electronic warfare stations, and also strengthen the grouping with cannon artillery systems and multiple launch rocket systems – MLRS, in particular, Tornado-G.

– We did not have guided missiles in the MLRS. Although now the developers have achieved high accuracy of hitting area targets. There will be no survivors in the place that the Tornado salvo will cover. Guided missiles are Iskander. It would be possible to supply the LPR and the DPR with more aviation systems, but they do not have their own aviation, so this would make no sense. Aviation is the main advantage that the Ukrainian army has over the defenders of Donbass. That is why air defense systems are so relevant for the militias. I would say precisely the military air defense, that is, the Buk and Tor are short- and medium-range systems. And if necessary, we will get them from our territory with long-range S-400 systems.

– It is quite real, but this does not mean that Iskanders will be delivered to the DPR or LPR. If we are talking about supplies, this is one thing, but if we are talking about assistance to unrecognized republics, it is quite another. Ukraine, by the way, has similar missile systems – Tochka-U. They have already dragged them to the line of contact.

I believe that now it is necessary for the LNR and the DNR to provide complexes that could help them in a ground operation. They themselves have enough tanks to carry it out. And if the artillery and multiple launch rocket systems still work well, then all the offensive fervor from that side will be extinguished.

– Our MLRS systems contain such rockets that are designed to destroy armored vehicles. They simply cover a section of the territory where tanks, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles are located, and turn them into a pile of metal.

– It makes no sense to supply high-precision weapons to the LPR and DPR, because there simply are no specialists in high-precision systems. For example, we initially supplied the Syrians with modernized T-72 tanks, but it turned out that they had T-72 specialists – once or twice and miscalculated. Then I had to deliver what they know. T-64 tanks stagnated in our warehouses. We brought them to mind, put them there, and the Syrians immediately began to fight. That is, you need to understand that with all due respect to the defenders of Donbass, they do not own modern high-precision systems and weapons. This needs to be learned.

Another military expert, the former head of the anti-aircraft missile forces of the Special Forces Command (Moscow Air Defense District), Colonel Sergei Khatylev believes that the main task of protecting the unrecognized republics can be solved solely by the supply of air defense systems.

“There now, our Pantsir air defense systems are needed to combat drones and other low-altitude targets,” the expert says. – They are effective against helicopters that support troops from the air, dropping troops and are available to the Ukrainians in sufficient numbers. In addition, this complex, having four 30-mm automatic cannons with six launch rockets, is also capable of firing at a ground enemy, including tanks. At one time, I participated in the tests of the “Shell” at the Kapustin Yar training ground, where just this complex fired at the tanks placed for it.

– They're talking about dozens of cars. It is also important that the command post of the “Shell” is able to control several machines at once. And it is still very difficult for him to interfere. The Pantsirya multifunctional radar station conducts reconnaissance in the centimeter range, combat work to detect targets and destroy them in the millimeter range. The complex has an infrared detector that detects targets, identifying them by the exhaust of the turbine. And also visually. With the help of a television optical sight, he can shoot a cannon at a distance of up to five kilometers. So from this point of view, Pantsir is the most convenient complex for the LPR and DPR and the most unpretentious.

– They also proved themselves very well. Donbass asks them. They are also very unpretentious. “Tors” work on low-altitude targets in automatic mode. There are ten anti-aircraft missiles on board, and all in one combat vehicle, no more than three meters in length. That is, everything is compact and convenient for calculation.

Donbass also needs Buk-M2. The media wrote that several complexes remained there. They are also very good for destroying various air targets both at medium and high altitudes. And most importantly, it is a self-propelled installation on a caterpillar track. So from the point of view of their application in the LNR and DNR, they can be very effective.

– Absolutely. With their help, it is possible to build a layered air defense in the Donbass, that is, to create a no-fly zone over the LPR and DPR. And without air support, it is almost impossible to fight today, there will simply be nothing for Ukrainian troops to catch there.

Источник www.mk.ru

The New York Times wrote about Putin using Syria as a laboratory


The publication recognized the strength of the Russian army, noting the shortcomings

In the 2000s, the Russian army was an “empty shell” that could not cope with the conflict in Chechnya and even ensure the safety of its own submarines. But two decades later, under the leadership of Vladimir Putin, Russia's armed forces have grown into a formidable force with experienced military personnel, a clear command structure and hypersonic weapons. The American newspaper The New York Times wrote about this.

Photo: AP

“In 2015, Russia entered the war in Syria to prevent the overthrow of the government of Bashar al-Assad and to show the world the superiority of its own weapons,” writes the American edition. – According to experts, Putin used this war as a laboratory to identify the real potential of the military technologies used, as well as to gain combat experience for Russian commanders and officers.

In 2020, when Azerbaijan and Armenia finally decided to make peace, the transfer of 2,000 peacekeepers to Nagorno-Karabakh took Russia only a few hours. According to the publication, such a quick and effective modernization of the Russian army could not but cause a negative reaction from US officials. As a result, Russia began to be accused of planning an attack on Ukraine, although the statements of the Joe Biden government are based only on predictions and conjectures.

U.S. Marine Corps veteran Robert Lee noted that Kalibr cruise missiles installed on Russian ships and submarines of the Black Sea Fleet, as well as Iskander-M missile systems located on the border, are capable of hitting any target on Ukrainian territory. The military expert added that the T-72B3 tanks, which are located near the Ukrainian border, are equipped with long-range projectiles and new thermal imagers that allow combat operations at night.

Former commander of US forces in Europe, Ben Hodges, admitted: “I am ashamed this is to say, but when the “Caliber” hit targets in Syria from the Caspian Sea, it came as a surprise to me. It's not about the technical characteristics of these missiles – I didn't even know they were there!”.

“Despite the many successes, the modernization of the Russian armed forces has its drawbacks: that this is hurting its economy and worsening the quality of life of ordinary citizens, and instead of creating new weapons systems, Russia is simply improving its old equipment,” American analysts say.

Nevertheless, the military general US Air Force Philip Breedlove said: “We have to give the Russians their due – they are incredibly quick to learn new methods of warfare. Every time we see their actions during any conflict, they act even more accurately than before.”

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Putin’s secret diplomacy: what Russia and the United States agree on


Presidents “hide” in plain sight

“Say the password and go!” – “Password!” – “Come on!” – after the American side delivered a written response to Russian security proposals, the main character of this joke no longer seems like a complete idiot.

Photo: kremlin.ru

How is secret diplomacy usually done in the world? Here is a classic example: in 1956, big bosses from London, Paris and Tel Aviv arranged a secret rendezvous in the French city of Sèvres and agreed there to launch a military strike on Egypt at the same time. The war itself ended quickly: America threatened its younger allies with a finger, and they instantly tucked their tail. But the very fact of signing the Protocols of Sevres, their co-author, former British Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd, recognized only when he was on his deathbed almost twenty years later. And their photographic copy was only published in 2010.

What is the matter of the current secret diplomacy of Putin and Biden! Guided by the principle of the well-known detective “it is necessary to hide in plain sight”, the two presidents did not even put up a sign: “Do not interfere! Trying to negotiate a backroom deal!”

Although, however, no, they set it. “We will not publish the document because we believe that diplomacy has a great chance of success if we leave room for confidential negotiations. We hope and expect that Russia shares our views,” this statement by US Secretary of State Tony Blinken actually performs the function of such a virtual “plaque”. And this “tablet”, in turn, has one important, useful function – useful not only for the participants in the negotiations, but also for those who, like us, are watching them from the side, frantically trying to understand what is happening.

Biden's policy towards Putin and Russia is based on the matryoshka principle. The upper matryoshka is available to the eyes of absolutely everyone. The President of the United States publicly flexes his muscles (of course, intellectual and ideological, not physical), publicly calls GDP a “murderer” and tells how Washington will effortlessly twist Moscow into a ram's horn.

The medium matryoshka is only visible to Putin and a narrow group of other high-ranking Russian and American officials. According to reliable information, at the summer talks in Geneva, Biden behaved with emphatic amiability and assured that he understood the special role of Russia in international affairs and our concerns. At the same time, however, it was emphasized that the American leader would continue his previous line of conduct in public.

What is Biden's smallest nesting doll hiding? Here, alas, while stop. At the moment we can say absolutely nothing about its content. And perhaps even the American leader himself does not know everything yet. What kind of nesting doll he will eventually have to present to the world depends on whether there will be some kind of agreement with Russia in this very end or not. And this is not yet obvious.

Lavrov about the American response: “There is no positive reaction on the main issue. The main issue is our clear position on the inadmissibility of NATO expansion and the deployment of strike weapons that could threaten the territory of the Russian Federation.” Another gloomy forecast by the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, which, it would seem, kills my thesis about the “secret diplomacy of Putin and Biden” in the bud: “I have no doubt that in the very near future it will (the text of the American response. – “ MK ) will become known to the general public. It “leaks”.

So, at first, two deputy ministers (Sergei Ryabkov and Wendy Sherman), and now two ministers (Lavrov and Blinken) could not agree on anything breakthrough. But could they actually agree on something? Do they deserve such achievements?

In politics, as in cinema, there is a division into main and secondary characters. The main achievements (or main villainies) are the lot of the main characters of the film. If these main characters suddenly find themselves in the shadow of supporting characters, then the whole dramaturgy falls apart. The point of our Russian-American political dramaturgy is that the main characters in our “movie” are Putin and Biden. Only they can agree on something in the final. And the failure of the ministers is an obligatory item in the program on the way to this finale. Remember the obligatory outline of any good action movie? The closer the final, the stronger the tension. It would seem that there is no way out, a happy ending is impossible. But suddenly something happens, and by some miracle everything grows together.

Am I too carried away by cinematic analogies? Perhaps everything is actually much simpler and sadder. In principle, I am not trying to predict something or convince you and myself of the inevitability of a happy ending. I am trying to prove something completely different: if there is such a happy ending, then the current emotional roller coaster is its absolutely necessary condition. The gap between the positions of Russia and the collective West is too wide. To smooth and “sew” it, Putin and Biden need emotional tension. Only in the presence of fear – what will happen if a war starts ?! – the final political compromises will have the necessary moral legitimacy. This is the only way to make these compromises without destroying the base of its political support in the process (in the case of Biden; Putin has incomparably more freedom to maneuver).

Federal quote: “Russia will not rush to assess US response on guarantees, Peskov said. It’s a pity, it’s infinitely pity that, unlike a cinematic thriller, the “political thriller” that our life has become cannot be immediately skipped to a happy ending. But this is probably part of the price for the fact that we live not on the silver screen, but in real life.

Источник www.mk.ru


For the first time in Kazakhstan, they told about members of a religious organization who staged pogroms


“They don’t wash, they don’t study, they don’t get medical treatment”

According to the Kazakh state channel Khabar in the evening the documentary film “Tragic January. How it was. For the first time, the name of a religious organization whose members took part in the pogroms was mentioned in it. We are talking about the radical cell “Yakyn Inkar”, banned in the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. In the countries of Central Asia, this radical organization, which is a wing of the Tablighi Jamaat movement, (also banned in the Russian Federation and the states of Central Asia) & nbsp; has settled since the beginning of 2010. What the followers of the cell are famous for and why they are recognized as an extremist organization, “MK” understood. 

Photo: Frame from video

 The Yakyn Inkar Movement, the literal translation of whose name is — "Negation of everything except God" — was founded in India in 1926. The followers of this movement preach the denial of all the blessings of civilization, calling for the norms of life of the time of the Prophet Muhammad. Cell members do not recognize health care, do not teach children at school. But this sect, in fact, is recognized as extremist in many Asian countries not for this. And for the fact that the adherents of this organization categorically deny the right to existence of other religions, which falls under the definition of religious extremism. 

In addition, the followers of the movement do not consider it necessary to comply with the laws of the state. They also urge not to obey the muftiats and distort the norms of Islam, which is why it is considered extremist in the Muslim community. As Abdulaziz azhy Zakirov, the head of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims (SUM) of the Jalal-Abad region, spoke about them: “We are against the actions of those people who call themselves “inkar”, “yakyn”. and do the wrong things. This is not according to Sharia and not according to the laws. Just lie at home and do nothing, saying “God willing” — This is completely wrong. You need to work, try.

In Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, this movement has long been recognized as extremist, the activities of the cells were banned. But the adherents of “Yakyn Inkar” in 2012 managed to gain a foothold in the north of Kyrgyzstan – in Issyk-Kul and Naryn regions. Later, the ideas of the organization spread in Chui, Osh, Jalal-Abad and Batken regions, as well as in the cities of Tokmak, Bishkek, Kant, Kyzyl-Kiya and Osh. At first, people in long Pakistani robes, with uncut hair and beards, were looked upon as oddballs. But then, when more and more supporters began to appear and entire families and villages refused to send their children to schools, receive passports, use healthcare services and generally make contact with the state, the alarm was sounded in Kyrgyzstan. Moreover, it was precisely from the environment of poorly educated and unemployed youth that recruiters recruited “recruits” in ISIS (an organization banned in the Russian Federation, recognized as a terrorist organization) and other radical movements.  

In 2017, the Yakyn Inkar movement It was recognized as extremist by the Oktyabrsky District Court of Bishkek. After that, detentions of its active members began in the country. In 2017, 32 members of Yakyn Inkar were detained in the Osh region. There are 16 more people in the next —  Many of them received 3-4 years in prison. Last year, their arrest just expired.

After the “Inkarovites” were taken up in Kyrgyzstan, they tried to move to Kazakhstan. But in the neighboring country they did not “take a closer look” for five years to the radicals, as it was in Kyrgyzstan. Already in 2018, the court of Astana recognized this organization as extremist, saying that its goal “is to create a caliphate in a single country, including on the territory of Kazakhstan, which involves a violent change in the constitutional order, a violation of sovereignty.” So this radical a cell in the country did not receive, being “strangled at the bud”,

However, religious scholars believe that “Yakyn inkar” cannot be fully considered a terrorist structure, rather – destructive. Because its adherents do not work, as a rule, have an untidy appearance, do not have education and do not recognize secular sciences, do not use transport, do not take money in their hands. “This group has certain signs of fanaticism and contradicts not only the traditional forms of Islam, but also the social order, national traditions and progress (science, culture). Therefore, by its nature, it is not extremist or terrorist, but has a destructive orientation, “»» said about them by a Kyrgyz theologian, an expert on religion, director of the analytical center «Religion, Law and Politics» Kadyr Malikov.

  All this suggests that the adherents of “Yakyn Inkar” could participate in the riots, but the role of organizers and “shock forces” they definitely don't fit – not those fighting qualities.  

Источник www.mk.ru

Russia named scenarios for the development of relations with the West after receiving a response


“As long as there is imitation of dialogue, it provides time to consider the next steps”

The United States has given the Russian side a written response to Moscow's proposals in the field of European security. Although it is assumed that the text of this document is not subject to publication, apparently, no fundamentally new theses were made by Washington. We talked about the prospects for relations between Russia and its, as they say in diplomatic circles, “Western partners” with international relations expert Vladimir Frolov.

Photo: AP

— Only President Vladimir Putin knows this. The reaction of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov to the American and NATO written response leaves the head of state the opportunity to make a decision in one direction or another. As long as there is dialogue imitation, it provides time to think about the next steps.

— The choice is simple: either be satisfied with “secondary negotiations”, which are not bad, but the main problem for Russia of “Ukraine's withdrawal to the West” they don’t decide, and they will continue for a long time, and with an unpredictable result, and with new obligations of the Russian Federation not to place something and limit it on its territory … And here we need to think: do we need it?

The second option — “break the pattern” and solve the main problem ourselves: preventing the emergence of a strong but hostile Ukraine, integrating, if not into NATO, then into bilateral military alliances. This, however, can only be achieved by regime change in Kiev. The Kremlin has such a choice.

— Dont clear. At the same time, there is already information that Minister Lavrov is allegedly going to meet again next week with Secretary of State Anthony Blinken in Geneva. So far, however, this has not been confirmed.

— Productive new negotiations between diplomats can only be made by Putin's choice of the first of the above options. That is — minor meetings without solving the problem of Ukraine. However, it seems to me that this is not the choice to be made. Then the meeting between Lavrov and Blinken will again be a waste of time, just like the negotiations between the advisers of the —  "Normandy Format" in Berlin in two weeks.

If the Kremlin gives the go-ahead to “small” negotiations, then Lavrov and his deputy Sergei Ryabkov will quickly arrange everything. If this scenario is rejected, they will have to play for time.

Источник www.mk.ru


The expert assessed the US threat to introduce new rules in the Black Sea


“Military risks for Russia will increase significantly”

The US presidential administration is discussing the possibility of introducing new rules for navigation and entry of warships into the Black Sea. This was reported by the American edition of The Wall Street Journal. “MK” asked an expert what this could mean for Russia

Photo: pixabay.com

The Joe Biden administration, the newspaper writes, in the course of drafting a response to Russia's proposals on security guarantees, in particular, discussed with European allies the possibility of allowing Russia to inspect its missile systems in Poland and Romania. Another idea discussed in Washington is to introduce new rules for the passage and navigation of warships in the Black Sea. No details given.

At present, navigation and entry into the Black Sea of ​​warships is regulated by the Montreux Convention. This document limits the period of stay of the navy of non-Black Sea countries in the region. The convention also secured Turkey's sovereignty over the Bosporus and Dardanelles.

The Montreux Convention was adopted at a conference on the regime of the Black Sea straits, held on June 22 — July 21, 1936 in the city of Montreux. At the same time, Turkey undertook to comply with the principles of international maritime law. The Montreux Convention preserves for the merchant ships of all countries the freedom of passage through the straits both in peacetime and in wartime. It establishes a different regime for the passage of warships for the fleets of the Black Sea and non-Black Sea states. For warships of non-Black Sea powers, significant restrictions have been introduced in terms of class (only small surface ships pass) and in terms of tonnage.

The current employee of one of the law enforcement agencies, on condition of anonymity, explained to MK what changes could be discussed and what US initiatives are fraught with for Russia if they are implemented.

— We are talking about changing the component of the Montreux Convention, which regulates the passage of warships and vessels into the Black Sea. This is a rather old document, which secures for Turkey the right to dispose of the passage of ships through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles to the Black Sea. For them, there is a limit on tonnage and length of stay. Control over the implementation of the convention is entrusted to Turkey, only the authorities of this country decide on the passage through the straits.

This convention was adopted after the First World War. The rule was created against the entry of dreadnoughts, British battleships, whose characteristic feature was homogeneous artillery armament. But almost a century has passed and, objectively, the convention itself is outdated. Both the ships and the participating states have changed. At that time, there were no such players as Ukraine, Georgia, in the form in which it is now, they did not participate in the discussion and adoption of this law. And now they are. The ships have also changed, their displacement has increased. Now any destroyer is larger in displacement than those dreadnoughts.

— This means that it is quite possible that the convention will be amended. Although, I think it is still unprofitable for the Turks. They now dominate the proposed Black Sea theater of operations. They have enough of everything.

Russia, of course, these changes are also disadvantageous.

— The states can buy them. Provide some benefits, for example, for the passage of the Panama or Suez Canals. There can be an alternative, of course.

— As reality shows, the word of Russia is now generally of little significance to anyone. And if the Turks agree, then we will have to put up with it. There is no way we can influence the situation.

— Given that Turkey is a member of NATO, in case of cancellation or change of the norms of the convention on tonnage and duration of stay of ships, risks of a military plan increase for Russia. Be that as it may, the entry into the Black Sea of ​​an aircraft carrier strike group — of the strike core of the US Rapid Reaction Forces — radically changes the balance of power in the region, as it brings nuclear weapons delivery vehicles as close as possible to the borders of Russia. Cruisers and destroyers carry vertical-launched Tomahawk cruise missiles, which can be equipped with nuclear warheads and hit targets within a radius of up to 2,500 km. So, Russia to the Urals becomes a potential target. One destroyer can carry up to 56 Tomahawk launchers. Even without the carrier-based aviation of an aircraft carrier, such a formation poses a serious threat. 

In addition, escort ships are armed with air defense and electronic warfare systems, which together allow establishing a no-fly zone over the Crimea and southern Russia.

I note that the aircraft carrier strike group includes several Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruisers and Airlie Berg-class destroyers, multi-purpose nuclear submarines, carrier-based aircraft, and supply vessels. Which in itself is already a lot. In terms of combat potential, this can be compared with all our strike forces located in the European part of the country.

The armament of warships is integrated with the information and control electronic system “Aegis”, which provides reliable, almost one hundred percent, interception of any air targets —   from missiles to aircraft. As a result, we get that in the event of a military conflict, we lose the opportunity to destroy American bases in Turkey or Poland, from where planes and missiles can take off in our direction. even without nuclear weapons allows you to destroy almost any stationary strike positions located in the European part of our country.

The aircraft carrier group also includes destroyers, which only our “Peter the Great” can match in terms of firepower. But the United States has about 80 such ships.

Definitely, if the United States “presses” Turkey, then changes to the convention will be of great help to them in case of local conflicts.

— In my opinion, the only answer – is the use of nuclear weapons. I think the United States also understands this, and therefore the statement of the State Department is more likely another attempt to “show the flag” and an attempt to convince everyone that they are now dictating the rules on the world stage.

Источник www.mk.ru


“Massacre” over the Nazarbayev family turned out to be a performance


They changed faces, but not the system

Members of the upper house of the parliament of Kazakhstan approved amendments to the law on the first president of the republic, which abolished Nursultan Nazarbayev’s lifetime chairmanship of the Security Council and the Assembly of Peoples of Kazakhstan (ANC) . In addition, it was decided that it is no longer necessary to coordinate laws that relate to the country's domestic and foreign policy with the Elbasy. This event could be regarded as yet another evidence of the removal of Nazarbayev and his family from power, however, interviewed by MK experts urge not to jump to conclusions.

Photo of Shamalgan village. Photo: kremlin.ru

The first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, announced back in April 2021 that he no longer wanted to lead the ANC and would transfer the post of chairman to the current head of the republic, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. In addition, according to the Elbasy, on January 6, 2022, he voluntarily handed over the post of head of the Security Council to his successor. In February, a congress of the ruling Nur-Otan party is to be held, at which Nazarbayev will hand over leadership of this political force to Tokayev. True, this decision was made at the end of 2021, and after the January protests, only the question is being discussed: will the second president agree to lead the party.

Thus, the January protests obviously changed the schedule for the transfer of power from Nazarbayev to Tokaev, but did not break his logic.

“Due to recent events, amendments to the legislation are required. At the same time, it is too early to say whether any assets are being squeezed from the Family or not. Now, if and when this starts, it will be possible to say something definite, but for now we see only personnel changes, – said MK. Kazakhstani political analyst Askar Nursha. – Of course, someone loses their positions, but it is necessary to study what kind of assets they are talking about and who comes to replace them. 

For example, the husband of Nazarbayev's middle daughter Timur Kulibaev again goes to the board of directors of “Gazprom” & hellip; Big family. Some part loses from the departure of Nursultan Nazarbayev, but perhaps someone wins.

When the CSTO troops were withdrawn from Kazakhstan, and Nazarbayev was nowhere to be seen, many people decided that Tokayev not only gained full power in the country, but would also gradually take away assets from the relatives of his predecessor. Such expectations were reinforced by the fact that the second president began to criticize the country's richest people (Nazarbayev's relatives and their “purses”), called for the reform or dissolution of the Samruk Kazyna National Welfare Fund; and actually liquidated the “ROP Operator” (The company of Elbasy's youngest daughter Aliya Nazarbayeva came under state control). Positions in large energy companies QazaqGaz and KazTransOil two sons-in-law of Elbasy have lost: Kairat Sharipbaev (the “secret husband” of Dariga Nazarbayeva) and Dimash Dosanov (husband of Aliya Nazarbayeva).

It's just that things haven't gone any further than that. For example, Dariga Nazarbayeva still controls her media empire, which is built around the Khabar news agency. Timur Kulibayev (husband of Dinara Nazarbayeva) attended Tokayev's meeting with businessmen and is generally said to be on good terms with the second president. Nazarbayev's nephew Samat Abish lost his post as first deputy head of the KNB, but did not go to jail, like his immediate boss Karim Masimov and two other deputy heads of department. Meanwhile, Massimov is confidently turning into a “scapegoat”: he was accused of attempting a coup d'etat and, apparently, will be associated with a 20,000-strong army of terrorists that allegedly attacked Alma-Ata.

Photo of Shamalgan village.

Abish's brother Kairat Satybaldy simply fell out of the information space, now it seems that he does not exist, although two weeks ago only the lazy did not tell how Elbasy's nephew trained the Wahhabi army in the south of Kazakhstan. At the same time, the “purse” Kairata, one of the richest people in Kazakhstan, Vyacheslav Kim, donated from his “Kaspi bank” 10 billion tenge (nearly $23 million) to Tokayev's new fund “To the People of Kazakhstan”.

At the same time, Tokayev himself does not say anything that his predecessor would not have said before. In particular, the Leader of the Nation regularly called on business to be more humane, demanded to reduce the number of bureaucratic obstacles, supported privatization, and so on.

Houses with identical gates belong to Nazarbayev's relatives.

“Apparently, there was some kind of collusion in the ruling elite of Kazakhstan. Some of the positions were left to the Nazarbayev family, and some positions found new owners. This situation does not suit anyone completely. Particularly dissatisfied are the lower classes of Kazakhstani society, who received nothing at all from these reshuffles, – said MK. Kazakh political analyst Ainur Kurmanov. –  In fact, the ruling elite has not changed. Well, yes, they imprisoned Karim Massimov, several more odious figures lost their posts, but that's all. 

But the main holder of family assets, Timur Kulibayev, remained afloat. For many years he was at the same time the “grey eminence”; in Kazakhstan, and the most powerful oligarch in the country. Now he acts as a kind of co-ruler of Tokayev, because he intercepts those assets that were previously owned by other members of the Nazarbayev family.

Houses with identical gates belong to Nazarbayev's relatives.

Kurmanov noted that the privatization of “Samruk Kazyna” has long been lobbied by Western investors. The idea was to be implemented within the next 5 years. In turn, the liquidation of the “ROP Operator” will be a sop to a discontented regime. “To the same handout can be attributed less mention of the Nazarbayevs in the news. They go into the shadows so as not to annoy fellow citizens. But since there is no improvement in the socio-economic sphere, Tokayev risks absorbing all the negativity that the Nazarbayevs previously absorbed. After that, the protests will resume,” the expert believes.

Источник www.mk.ru

Nazarbayev’s nephews returned to the ancestral village of the first president of Kazakhstan


Elbasy's sister settled in the Almaty residential complex

Nursultan Nazarbayev's large family is gradually returning to their native land. We contacted people who are aware of the whereabouts of some of the closest relatives of the Elbasy. Residents of Shamalgan, the ancestral village of the first president of Kazakhstan, told the latest news.

Photo of Shamalgan village.

Residents of the village of Shamalgan, where Nursultan Nazarbayev was born and where until recently his brother with children and sister lived, are closely following the movements of influential countrymen.

Some villagers shared their observations.

< p>– An investigation was published in the local press that the Nazarbaev family owns plots of land near the park of the first president in Almaty, where they allegedly built palaces – says one of the interlocutors. – In Kazakhstan, no one was surprised by this. Behind the scenes, in every region and in the nature reserve, there is a lot of real estate of the Elbasy family. They have especially many houses in East Kazakhstan, where the Altai mountains are. Well, there is enough in the Almaty region itself.

A week ago, the houses of the members of the Nazarbayev family, who are in Shamalgan, were empty. According to our information, a few days before the protests, all Elbasy's relatives left the village.

– Recently, all the Nazarbayevs began to quietly return, – adds another resident of Shamalgan. – It is known that the nephews of the former president, the sons of Nazarbayev’s brother Bolat, came to the village.

Photo of Shamalgan village.

– About him not a rumor or a spirit. But Nursultan Nazarbayev himself, according to our data, is in Astana (Nur-Sultan. – “MK”).

– She is not in the village. It seems that she has stopped in Almaty for the time being. Lives with his daughter in the LCD. She is an elderly woman, she has problems with her legs, it is difficult for her to walk. She needs care.

– The apartment is ordinary, the house is big. But ordinary people cannot afford to buy a house there. This is an area of ​​elite residential complexes.

– Yes. It is interesting that Bolat Nazarbayev's family hires only Turks who have been living in the village for a long time. He does not trust the Kazakhs. The fact is that, in his youth, Bolat worked as a plumber, then he was a driver. In those days, he liked to drink. One day he got so drunk that he collapsed on the street. The Turks picked him up, dragged him home, did not leave him on the street. Since then, he considers the Turks almost relatives.

They say that at one event, where relatives, countrymen and classmates of Bolat gathered, he himself remembered the case when he was lying drunk on the street. Then he said: if I order the Turks to kiss my bare ass, they will kiss without hesitation, and you will all turn away from me. tinted glass.

Houses with identical gates belong to Nazarbayev's relatives.

– There is one story about the akim (head of administration – “MK”). According to rumors, he used to work as a waiter in one of Bolat's cafes. Once he caught the eye of Nazarbayev's brother, liked him, and he made him the head of the village. And the former akim, they say, was fired because he could not slaughter cattle in front of Nursultan Nazarbayev. It may be stories, but the whole village is talking about it.

The only thing that upsets the Shamalgan people in this whole story is the closure of the Altyn Orda market.

– The Altyn Orda market is an analogue of your Cherkizovsky market. It belongs to Bolat Nazarbayev, – adds the interlocutor. “No matter what, people will be sorry if the market closes completely. During the pandemic, only he worked without failure. But it turns out that for many years the market leadership did not pay a single cent of taxes to the treasury. Now you understand why Nazarbayev's brother Bolat is called the ruler of the entire Almaty region.

“We will not allow Putin”: Kuleba named four ways to contain Russia


The Ukrainian Minister announced the main directions for working with Moscow

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba named four ways to contain the Russian Federation against the backdrop of the threat of its invasion of the republic, RBC-Ukraine writes.

Photo: AP

The first factor, from Kuleba's point of view, could be coordinated and consistent signals to Moscow that that her attack on Ukraine would fail and be met with stiff economic and political resistance from the West.

The second factor, as the minister emphasized, will be the preparation of economic restrictive measures against Russia. “We have heard many important and inspiring messages about the price Russia will have to pay. Unfortunately, these messages have recently been weakened due to public discussions about sanctions that will not be imposed against Russia,” the Ukrainian Foreign Minister said. According to Kuleba, this development inspires Russian President Vladimir Putin, and the Russian leader may come to the conclusion that the sanctions he may face will de facto be tolerable. The head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry noted that Ukraine is counting on a consistent and very strong package of sanctions aimed at containing Russia.

Another factor Kuleba called the strengthening of cooperation between Kiev and other states in the military sphere.

< p>Fourth direction — support for the economic and financial stability of the republic, which the Russian government, according to the minister, is trying to undermine.

“If we succeed on all four points, we will succeed in this confrontation, we will not allow Putin to destroy the security of Europe” ;, — summed up the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry.

Meanwhile, the Russian side considers even the idea of ​​a military confrontation between Russia and Ukraine unacceptable. This was stated by Alexei Zaitsev, Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. According to an employee of the diplomatic department, Moscow has repeatedly stated that it has no intention to attack anyone.

Источник www.mk.ru


In what cases will pedophiles receive life imprisonment?


On January 26, 2021, the Federation Council approved a bill providing for life imprisonment for recidivist pedophiles. It is reported by TASS.

What has changed in the articles providing for life imprisonment for recidivist pedophiles?

The approved law “On Amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation”; amended articles 131 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Rape”) and 132 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Violent acts of a sexual nature”). The document comes into force from the date of its adoption.

Now the law provides for the maximum punishment for recidivist pedophiles who have committed a similar crime against a child under 18 years of age. Prior to the entry into force of these amendments, pedophiles who committed a relapse against children under 14 were sentenced to life imprisonment.

Also, pedophiles whose victims were two or more children will now receive a life sentence.

Pedophiles can also be sentenced to the maximum sentence for the first crime against a child under 18 if it is associated with other grave and especially grave acts (for example, physical force was used against a child).

When was the bill first considered?

The bill, which provides for a life sentence for assaulting minors, passed its first reading on December 21, 2021. TVET

The initiators of the amendments to the Criminal Code were the First Vice Speaker of the Federation Council Andrey Turchak, the head of the State Duma Committee on State Construction and Legislation Pavel Krasheninnikov and the chairman of the committee State Duma on Information Policy Alexander Khinshtein.

https://www.interfax.ru/russia/818439

Источник aif.ru

Where does water come from on Earth? Scientists have solved a long-standing scientific mystery


In the scientific world, there is still no consensus on the origin of water on our planet. Some believe that it was brought by asteroids or comets about 4 billion years ago, at an early stage in the formation of the Earth. Other – that it was released from the bowels of the earth as a result of chemical reactions.

In a recently published article in the journal Physical Review Letters, Skoltech Professor Artyom Oganovand his Chinese colleagues support the second hypothesis. They name a substance that could keep water in the depths of a young planet at a time when it completely evaporated from its surface during catastrophic collisions with other celestial bodies. It is noteworthy that this substance does not exist on the modern Earth, but scientists were able to predict it. 

Why didn't the ocean evaporate?

Any schoolchild knows about the importance of water for the emergence of earthly life and its evolution. This chemical compound performs the most important functions – for example, the seas and oceans stabilize the climate. If this did not happen, it would be more difficult for life to gain a foothold on the planet and mass extinctions of organisms would happen more often. In addition, even small amounts of water soften rocks, penetrating into them, and when they freeze, they destroy them. This provides plate tectonics, which in turn is responsible for the shape of continents, earthquakes, volcanic activity, and more.

Despite the important role of water in the history of the Earth, scientists do not know where it came from in such a large volume that it was enough for the World Ocean. It's a long scientific mystery. “It has been hypothesized that comets could bring water to us, but, apparently, the significance of this source is very small. The fact is that the isotopic composition of water on Earth and in comets differs markedly,” explains Skoltech professor, crystal chemist Artyom Oganov.

Since water did not come from outer space, it means that it somehow arose from the bowels of the earth, from the minerals contained there. In this case, it is not clear how the ocean could survive the turbulent stage in the history of the Earth, when the planet was red-hot, subjected to a massive bombardment by asteroids, and even collided with another celestial body that gave birth to the Moon. All these cataclysms were supposed to permanently evaporate liquid water from the surface of the planet. Scientists did not know such a substance that could keep it at great depths for millions of years and release it in a calmer era.

And now they were able to name it and derive its chemical formula. This is magnesium hydrosilicate, Mg2SiO5H2.

What is surprising about this discovery? 

The work was carried out by Russian and Chinese researchers. Artyom Oganov is known as the author of the USPEX crystal structure prediction method. Using this method, Chinese scientists led by Nankai University professor Xiao Dongused computer simulations and predicted the existence of the compound Mg2SiO5H2 on the early Earth. It is stable at high temperatures and pressures (more than 2 million atmospheres – as in the earth's core) and could theoretically be present in the bowels even before the formation of this core, when the planet was chemically homogeneous.

Magnesium hydrosilicate contains 11% water by weight. After the core arose and separated, the pressure in the mantle dropped, and this mineral, according to the authors of the study, decomposed, releasing a huge amount of water. It took about 30 million years: during this time, iron concentrated in the center of the Earth (everyone knows that the core consists of it) and displaced silicate minerals from there to an area of ​​u200bu200blower pressures, where they turned out to be unstable and decayed. Thus, magnesium oxide and silicate, which make up the mantle, were formed, as well as water, the gradual release of which to the surface took another 100 million years. Scientists know that already 120 million years after the appearance of the earth's core, there were oceans on the planet.

Artyom Oganov emphasizes that the discovery made is surprising because "material that existed for a real moment on the scale of the history of the planet had a tremendous impact on the evolution of the Earth". In addition, it is very important for understanding the evolution of other celestial bodies. “Take, for example, Mars. It is too small to provide pressures at which magnesium hydrosilicate is stable, – says the scientist. – This explains why there is so little water on Mars. Moreover, the water that is, most likely, was brought by comets. 

And Chinese researcher Xiao Dong suggests that this scientific work will help in the study of planets outside the solar system: “In order for an exoplanet to be habitable, a stable climate is needed, and for this there continents and oceans must exist simultaneously. It was believed that the mass content of water on a terrestrial planet, regardless of its size, should not exceed 0.2%. Our results suggest that on massive planets of this kind (the so-called super-Earths), things are probably different. There, the pressures that stabilize hydrous magnesium silicate exist outside the core, and such planets can retain large amounts of water in the mantle indefinitely. This means that they can have continents and oceans with a much higher water content than previously expected.

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The geneticist assessed the danger of the coronavirus NeoCoV from South Africa


The NeoCoV coronavirus, which was previously found in bats in South Africa, currently does not pose a threat to humanity, RIA Novosti reports.

“First of all, it should be noted that NeoCoV is not a new coronavirus. It has been known for a long time, it was first discovered in the faeces of bats in South Africa, and its complete genome was deciphered back in 2014, — said the head of the scientific group of genetic engineering and biotechnology of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Cherkashina.

She confirmed that there is a possibility that the virus will enter the human population due to mutation, but it is extremely small. Cherkashina also stated that this issue needs additional comprehensive study.

Recall that Chinese scientists recently published a study suggesting that NeoCoV needs only one point mutation to penetrate human cells. At the same time, the African coronavirus does not respond to antibodies from SARS-CoV-2 or protein molecules that suppress the Middle East fever MERS.

Recall that coronaviruses are a family of RNA-containing viruses that have spike-like processes that resemble the solar corona . At the moment, 43 species are known that affect mammals, birds and amphibians. Humans can become infected with seven coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV, which caused the SARS outbreak in 2003, and SARS-CoV-2, which led to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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TV presenters Popov and Skabeeva contracted the coronavirus


The 60 Minutes hosts on the TV channel “Russia 1” Evgeny Popov and Olga Skabeeva contracted the coronavirus, the TV presenter said before the start of the program, going live through a video screen.

“Today, for the first time, I will host our favorite program with a positive test. In the morning I was forced to isolate myself. I don't have any symptoms of SARS yet. So I follow the recommendations of the doctors: plenty of fluids and don't panic, », — Popov said.

He clarified that his wife and co-host Olga also had a positive test. Both are vaccinated, so they assume that the disease will pass in a mild form. 

Later, the TV presenter explained to RIA Novosti that he was in isolation at the hotel, and Skabeeva — at home.

“There are two of us, and it is clear that at some point both should have been hooked. So it got hooked in the second year, I almost said war, in the second year of the coronavirus, — he said.

Earlier, the governor of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Alexander Uss, contracted the coronavirus. He had to stay in the hospital for several days. He is now completely healthy.

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Naked activist Femen urged Zelensky to cancel the conscription of women in the army


A half-naked girl from the Femen movement with a small child staged a rally near the Office of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, demanding that he immediately cancel the order on the mandatory conscription of women into the army and their forced mobilization in case of any wars. This was reported in the movement itself.

They said that women can participate in military conflicts only voluntarily, and the government has no moral right to force them to do so.

“Women are still Since they do not have equal rights with men, therefore, equal duties cannot be imposed on them. None of us started a war! None of us plundered the army! None of us must perish! – It is said in the text.

The activist, on whose body there were corresponding inscriptions, was put on clothes and taken away. It is not known how long the action lasted.

In December, the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine approved a list of 35 professions, representatives of which must be registered. It is assumed that hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian women will fall under the order.

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The government intends to attract up to 600 billion rubles in climate projects


The Cabinet of Ministers of the Russian Federation plans to attract up to 600 billion rubles to climate projects by 2024, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Viktoria Abramchenko said at a meeting with Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin.

As TASS clarifies, this amount includes, among other things, the placement of “green” bonds in the amount of more than 400 billion rubles.

The Deputy Prime Minister recalled that by 2024 a system of high-precision monitoring of greenhouse gases will be created in Russia. Thanks to this, scientists will be able to give an objective assessment of the absorption capacity of the country's ecosystems and predict climate change. Monitoring will also help prevent the negative consequences of climate change for residents and the economy.

According to Abramchenko, up to 600 billion rubles can be attracted to climate projects. investment. She noted that last year the “green” bonds totaling 94 billion rubles.

Earlier, the World Meteorological Organization said that 2021 was one of the seven warmest years on record.

Scientists also warned that the lack of progress in the fight against warming may lead to an increase in global temperatures, which will negatively affect the conditions for the Winter Olympics. According to researchers, rising temperatures could lead to hosting the Winter Olympics from only Japanese city Nagano can replace the former host cities 

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Protodeacon Andrei Kuraev hospitalized with coronavirus


Protodeacon Andrei Kuraev, banned from serving, was hospitalized in Moscow with COVID-19. This was reported by RIA Novosti.

Kuraev said that during the week he had a temperature of 39 degrees. However, later he managed to knock her down, the protodeacon noted.

“Yesterday I called an ambulance and I was hospitalized,” said the clergyman.

According to Kuraev, he was not vaccinated against COVID-19 .

Protodeacon Andrei Kuraev is known for his criticism of the church. In December 2020, the Diocesan Court of Moscow ruled to deprive him of his rank, as the religious figure allowed in his statements “signs of blasphemy against the Church”; and insults of the former rector of the Epiphany Cathedral Moscow Archpriest Alexander Ageikin, who died of coronavirus. In addition, the court found him guilty of slanderous activities.

Subsequently, Kuraev filed a petition with Patriarch Kirill to hold a second meeting of the diocesan court on the issue of defrocking. However, in March 2021, the court found no reason to review the previous decision.

Earlier, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation established a unified procedure for priests to visit patients in hospitals.

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Ballerina Tatyana Legat, who danced at the Mariinsky Theater for 32 years, has died


The famous Soviet ballerina Tatyana Legat died on January 27 at the age of 88, the press service of the Mikhailovsky Theater reports.

Tatyana Nikolaevna Legat was born on April 8, 1934 in Leningrad. She is the great-granddaughter of the famous Russian dancer and choreographer Gustav Legat (1837-1895), who founded the dynasty of ballet dancers. Kirov (now — Mariinsky Theatre). Then she worked as a teacher-repetiteur at the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Musical Theater for about 10 years, after which she went abroad for almost 20 years, where she worked in American and English ballet schools. In 2009, Legat got a job at the Mikhailovsky Theatre. 

«A tutor and teacher, in our theater she not only worked with the corps de ballet, achieving purity of lines, correct positions and clear choreographic articulation, but also worked with soloists» ;, — The theater said in a statement.

Earlier it became known about the death of the Soviet poet Yuri Poroikov, who wrote songs for Dolina and Boyarsky.

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With SARS – remotely. Muscovites will receive sick leave without a visit to the clinic


From 28 January, residents of the capital with symptoms of SARS can take the opportunity to receive a medical audio consultation with remote opening of a sick leave. The corresponding decree was signed by Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin. The order for this account was also issued by the Moscow Health Department.

Aleksey Bezymyanny, Director of the Directorate for Coordinating the Activities of Medical Organizations in Moscow, told AiF.ru about the current situation in the capital's polyclinics, how the flow of patients is distributed, and in in which case it is possible to open a hospital remotely.

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What is the situation in Moscow polyclinics today? Is difficult to get to the doctor on duty, are there queues?

Moscow polyclinics have switched to an enhanced mode of operation for receiving patients with symptoms of SARS. Queues are not created in polyclinics, because these spaces are expanded, it is not one not two rooms. They are even located on different floors. And  it is not difficult for a patient to get to doctor. He/nbsp;can come to any polyclinic on his own without an appointment, or pre-register to their own for a certain time through the portal or in the EMIAS.INFO app or on mos.ru. Thus, come to  a specific time, and be sure that it will be accepted at that time.

What security measures do I operate in clinics?

In addition to dividing the flow of patients in accordance with the diagnosis, we also issue respirators to protect the respiratory organs. What is very important, the premises are treated with disinfectants, there are antiseptics and equipment that filters the air.

What happens if a large number of patients arrive at the same time?

If a large number of patients arrive, they will be dispersed among specially designated reserve waiting areas. These are both halls and separate offices, which are specially provided in case of increased flow. Here, patients can expect to see a doctor while maintaining social distancing. What is also very important is that the last two weeks have seen that not all patients need care due to the severity of the condition. Some patients have symptoms of a cold that can be treated at home. And since 28 January, according to the decree of the Mayor of Moscow, with symptoms of SARS, Muscovites can receive both a remote audio consultation of a doctor and open a disability certificate remotely without visiting a clinic. To do this, it will be possible to leave an application in electronic form on mos.ru portal. Based on the results, the doctor will contact the patient, hold a consultation, issue an electronic prescription and automatically open a certificate of incapacity for work for SARS for 7 days. Closing will also take place remotely, it will not be necessary to come to the clinic for this, it will be possible to get an audio consultation, and, according to the results, close the disability sheet.

What is the best thing to do now if you feel unwell: call a doctor or go to the clinic yourself?

Depending on the patient's condition. If the patient simply signs of SARS, there is no high temperature, he feels a slight malaise, he can come on his own, then we recommend to come to the clinic on your own.

Naturally, if the patient does not come on his own  maybe, for example, it is a patient with limited mobility or a severe course of the disease, we recommend calling a doctor to home by calling 122.

What do I need to do to get to the doctor on duty?

< p>The patient can come on his own, without an appointment at any clinic, and may pre-register at the polyclinic at the place of attachment for a certain time via EMIAS.INFO or the mos.ru portal.

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Shoigu instructed to create an enterprise for the maintenance of army UAVs


The head of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Sergei Shoigu, instructed the management of the Kronstadt company, which produces military drones, to create an enterprise for servicing these devices.

According to the press service of the Russian Ministry of Defense, On January 27, Shoigu inspected Russia's first plant for the production of military UAVs in Dubna, near Moscow.

It is assumed that the service company will provide forwarding services and a full cycle of equipment maintenance.

During a visit to the plant the minister got acquainted with the first flight model of the Orion attack drone, equipped with a satellite communications module, which allows to significantly increase the flight range of the reconnaissance vehicle. 

Add, this year Russia plans to complete the creation of new models air defense "Pantsir-SM-SV", "Derivation-Air Defense" and Typhoon-Air Defense. Also in 2022, the Russian army will receive the first Gibka-S short-range air defense systems.

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An ambulance from a snowdrift. The paramedic managed to walk through the snow to a 100-year-old patient


In the Kuban, in order to save a 100-year-old woman, ambulance workers walked 1.5 kilometers through the snow with heavy oxygen cylinders to her. They were unable to get to the suffocating patient by car because of the high snowdrifts.

news on this topic, the rescue march of ambulance workers from Tuapse could well have gone unnoticed. But this story attracted the attention of Kuban Governor Veniamin Kondratyev, who wrote about it in his Telegram channel. He called the deed paramedic Anastasia Plakhina and driver Igor Kolesnikov, who helped her.

“They went to the call early in the morning. But already on the road they realized that the car would not be able to drive to the house because of the high snowdrifts. Without hesitation, we took heavy oxygen tanks and walked 1.5 kilometers with flashlights and a navigator. They arrived in time to help the panting grandmother. These are real doctors who are ready to fulfill their official duty in any conditions. Thank them for this! — said in a post by Veniamin Kondratyev.

According to media reports, doctors saved the life of Aisha Mametova, a resident of the Tuapse district, who will celebrate her 101st birthday in the spring. She suffers from age-related lung problems and without oxygen she could suffocate. But thanks to the timely actions of specialists, the condition of the centenarian returned to normal. She refused hospitalization. The woman's relatives personally and through journalists thanked her rescuers for their help. By the way, Anastasia Plakhina has been working in an ambulance for only 4 years, but she deserves the respect of her colleagues for her professionalism. The management promised to mark her for competent actions in an unusual situation.

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