Author: Azlyrics


Professor Kuznetsov described the worst-case scenario at the Zaporozhye NPP


“It will take a gigantic amount of water to cool 65 tons of nuclear fuel”

According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, Kyiv is preparing a resonant provocation at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant during a visit to Ukraine by UN Secretary General António Guterres. The forces of the 44th artillery brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are planning to strike at the station from positions in Nikopol. And then accuse Russia of creating a man-made disaster at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. We asked experts to describe the worst-case scenario that could happen at ZNPP.

Photo: AP

The Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, which stands on the banks of the Kakhovka reservoir, is being hit from the opposite bank – from Nikopol, Marganets, Tomakovka, which are under the control of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Moreover, they hit from heavy guns and multiple launch rocket systems. Marking on the power units of nuclear power plants, storage of spent nuclear fuel. The shells land a hundred meters from the power units…

The Russian military is taking all necessary measures to ensure the safety of the station, assured the official representative of the Russian Defense Ministry, Lieutenant General Igor Konashenkov. The department drew attention to the fact that Russian troops do not have heavy weapons either on the territory of the station or in the areas adjacent to it. Only our security units are there.

“Even if the Armed Forces of Ukraine destroy at least one of the working power units of the ZNPP, we can expect worse consequences than at Fukushima in 2011,” says the former head of the nuclear and radiation safety inspectorate of the Gosatomnadzor of the USSR, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Vladimir Kuznetsov. – In Japan, the destruction of the station occurred as a result of a strong earthquake and the tsunami that followed it. A man-made accident may occur at the Zaporozhye station, arranged by the hands of the leadership of Ukraine.

Professor Kuznetsov, at our request, tells what will happen if multiple launch rocket systems are fired directly at the reactors.

– A missile, hitting the containment, will lead to its destruction. The hermetic shell, or hermetic volume, or containment, is a massive structure, which is made of prestressed reinforced concrete. Its function is to prevent radioactive substances from escaping into the environment in severe accidents.

Relatively speaking, this is a structure with a complex structure, which is divided into two parts. Its lower, cylindrical part – from zero to the mark of 12 m – is leaky, that is, personnel are allowed to enter there. Equipment is installed there that ensures the safe operation of the station in certain modes. Above the mark of 12 m and up to 65 meters is its hermetic part, where the entrance to personnel during the operating reactor plant is limited. Specialists go there only as a last resort.

The thickness of the walls of the containment, which protects the reactor and equipment, is from 800 mm, and up to 1200 mm – on the dome, at the very top. This is concrete, inside of which channels are laid. So-called ropes are inserted into these channels.

Remember, there used to be devices for carbonating water – there was an iron braid on top of the glass. The ropes that envelop the containment are similar in design to these devices. On both sides – concrete, and inside this concrete – just the ropes in the channels. They seem to compress the shell, give it strength, prevent it from collapsing, for example, under load due to an increase in pressure inside the containment associated with a rupture of the primary circuit pipelines.

As for external influences, the reinforced concrete shell, according to the professor, it withstands a direct hit by a light aircraft at a speed of 150–200 kilometers per hour and weighs up to 1,500 kilograms.

– Other external influences, except for strong winds, precipitation, earthquakes, were not considered. Those standards that existed in 1981, when the stage-by-stage construction of the station's power units began, were imperfect. Now the scheme is different. At nuclear power plants, a double reinforced concrete shell is used, which is much thicker and stronger than the single one that covers the reactors at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant.

– Fragments of building structures – pieces of concrete, reinforcement and destroyed equipment – will lead to a shutdown of a nuclear reactor and damage it. With such an impact, the emergency cooling system will most likely be destroyed.

If the reactor is without water, everything will go according to the same scenario that was at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. The core will heat up, and a significant amount of steam will be generated. The steam will react with the fuel assembly materials, zirconium. At a temperature of 1300–1500 degrees, the so-called vapor-zirconium reaction will take place with the formation of hydrogen. It will accumulate and explode the explosive mixture.

As the professor says, the giant minus of pressurized water reactors (VVER) is that they use water under pressure, and zirconium is used as a material for fuel assemblies. The resulting hydrogen leads to an explosion and destruction of the shell.

– If the nuclear reactor vessel is destroyed, radioactive substances will enter the environment. It will cover Ukraine, and us, and all of Europe. Radioactive substances will fall in the territories of Moldova, Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland and Germany. Sitting behind the mountains will not work. A trace of Chernobyl was once discovered even in the Swiss Alps.

In the event of an accident, excess heat will have to be removed, a large amount of water will be required.

– At Fukushima, for example, sea water was poured, which led to even more hydrogen formation. After all, sea water contains a lot of dissolved salts – sulfates, sulfites, nitrates, nitrites, chlorites. In the event of a missile hitting one of the reactors of the Zaporizhzhya NPP, water will be taken from the Dnieper. You have to act quickly and efficiently. To cool 65 tons of nuclear fuel, even with a destroyed reactor, you need to have a huge amount of water. The liquidation of the accident will lead to a significant overexposure of the NPP personnel.

“Possible release of contaminated radionuclides into the Black Sea”

The professor also considered the option if, as a result of a missile or projectile strike, a dry storage facility for spent nuclear fuel (ISSF) is destroyed. Spent fuel assemblies that are removed from the reactors are stored in ventilated concrete containers at a specially fenced off area at the plant.

– In this case, there will be much smaller consequences. Everything will depend on how many containers will be damaged. Now there are 177 of them, with a design volume of 380. Over the 21 years of operation of the station, almost half of the containers have already been filled. Even if ten containers are damaged or broken, Energodar itself, the Zaporozhye region, the Dnieper will be polluted, a significant part will go to Kyiv, to Western Ukraine, but we will get it too.

– It can be done fairly quickly. And in order to routinely cool down the reactor, calmly, slowly, in accordance with the technological regulations that are at the station, it takes about 30 hours. The only thing holding back here is the cooling rate, which should be no more than 10 degrees per hour. If this indicator is exceeded, this is a blow to the metal, to the vessel of a nuclear reactor. This can be done only in the event of an emergency.

– It is also necessary to raise the power of the power unit at a certain speed – 15 degrees per hour. It will take about a day and a half to reach full capacity. Warming up the reactor, as well as its cooling down, is a standard procedure.

– This is all from the realm of legends. If such an experiment was carried out, I would know about it. There were no field tests. In Soviet times, they made a platform, tried to simulate a seismic effect on a nuclear power plant, to see how the equipment would behave, but all this was implemented only in the project.

— I said before and now I will repeat that the plant personnel need to be “cleaned “, at least send everyone to the polygraph. It was in the ranks of the employees that the gunners turned out to be, who, using GPS, corrected the fire of the Armed Forces of Ukraine at the station, at their own colleagues.

I don't think these are the last to be detained. The shelling will continue.

In April, at Chernobyl, when the nuclear power plant was under our control, the nationalists de-energized the station, but for some reason everyone forgot about this provocation. Now they could turn off the electricity of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant on the territory of Ukraine. Its share is 15% of all energy produced in the country. But the management of the station does not do this. However, if the Ukrainians launch missiles at the station, it means that they themselves are trying to ensure that the nuclear power plant was turned off. So, we need to meet them halfway.

Nuclear energy expert Alexander Uvarov, in turn, argues:

“Zaporozhye NPP stands on the Dnieper, which flows into the Black Sea,” says Alexander Uvarov. “In the event of a hypothetical beyond design basis accident, contaminated radionuclides could be transported to the Black Sea, which would threaten the security not only of Russia, but also of Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania… The Europeans don't give a damn about Energodar being polluted. But the fact that radioactive substances will be carried into the Black Sea may make them think and somehow influence Zelensky, who gives orders to shell the station.

Professor Vladimir Kuznetsov recalls that when during a special military operation in Ukraine at the end of February managed to unblock the North Crimean Canal, scientists from Sevastopol recorded a high concentration of the artificial radionuclide strontium-90 in the water, which exceeded 400 becquerel per 1 cubic meter. Scientists observed such indicators in the North Crimean Canal and in the Lower Dnieper in 1988, two years after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

In 2010, Ukraine began draining the Chernobyl cooling pond. Water from the pond began to be dumped into the Pripyat River. And then, when the North Crimean Canal was unblocked, along with water, strontium-90 also got into the Crimea in a dissolved form. Such is the long echo of the Chernobyl accident. And now Ukraine, shelling the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant, can provoke a new radiation catastrophe.

However, there is a more optimistic forecast: read the article “There will be no second Fukushima in Energodar”

Источник www.mk.ru

The United States did not allow Zelensky to fire Zaluzhny


Head of the Office of the President Yermak was scolded “on the carpet” in the American embassy

The history of confrontation between the Office of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine General Valery Zaluzhny has taken a new turn. According to Ukrainian media, the previously expected resignation of Zaluzhny did not take place after the Ukrainian commander in chief and head of the presidential office, Andriy Yermak, were summoned to the US embassy. Apparently, personnel issues are now really not an internal affair of Ukraine.

Photo: Social networks

The willfulness of the Ukrainian commander-in-chief has been irritating the president's team for several months now. Unlike Zelensky, Zaluzhny is much less optimistic about the situation on the front line.

The day before, noting the high activity and advantage of Russian artillery, the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine said that the positions of the Ukrainian army were being hit 700-800 times per day, and the most sad situation for Kyiv is in the direction of Avdiivka-Peski-Maryinka, from where Donetsk has been shelled for 8 years.

Such a pessimistic report for the modern Ukrainian regime in the eyes of the president's office looked like impermissible impudence and almost became the “last straw” that was supposed to lead to the dismissal of Zaluzny. The new commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian army, according to the Ukrainian media, was to be the commander of the ground forces, Colonel-General Alexander Syrsky, who had previously received the position and title of Hero of Ukraine thanks to Zelensky.

But it turned out that Zaluzhny has his own “trump card in the sleeve”; represented by patrons from the USA. On the carpet at the American embassy, ​​the head of the presidential office, Yermak, was summoned along with Defense Minister Alexei Reznikov and several other government officials. Ambassador Bridget Brink rather harshly reprimanded Zelensky's team for intrigues against Zaluzhny and strictly demanded not only to leave the commander-in-chief alone, but also not to release “directives to the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which reports directly to the Pentagon.”

Otherwise, the Ukrainian political leadership itself may resign. Zaluzhny also attended the meeting and was clearly satisfied with the outcome of the conversation with American diplomats. However, Yermak is also not going to give up so easily. The fact that Zaluzhny and the US embassy in Ukraine themselves denounced the president’s office by publishing a photograph of the event does not mean the complete defeat of Zelensky and Yermak, because Britain still remains behind them, which now shares the place of Kyiv’s supreme patron with the United States.

Perhaps London will not want to cede the championship to Washington openly demonstrating its power and with its support will allow Kyiv to get rid of the problematic general. 

Director of the Institute of Peacekeeping Initiatives and Conflictology Denis Denisov in an interview with “MK” noted that the United States needed not so much Zaluzhny as the preservation of political stability in Ukraine. “It is important for the United States to prevent the system from being unbalanced so that it can continue to resist Russia. This applies to both military and other aspects. Sharp movements on the part of the Ukrainian leadership in personnel policy, from the point of view of the United States, can not always lead to positive results. Therefore, they recommend that the leaders of Ukraine not do this at the moment.

Political scientist Oleksandr Dudchak noted that Kyiv has long lost the ability to control the Armed Forces of Ukraine. “Zelensky initially did not have such an opportunity. One cannot even imagine that he gave instructions to the military, where to go and what to do. It should be recalled that after the coup d'etat, Ukraine is a country under external control. After all, even under Yushchenko on Vladimirskaya in the main office of the SBU, an entire floor was given to the Americans. Then they were asked to leave, but after Maidan they returned. The security forces, like civilian departments, have managers from abroad. The entire body of the state and the system of government are under external control.

According to the expert, Zelensky is of no personal value to the United States and Britain, so he may not count on British support in the confrontation with Zaluzhny. “He is a human function. Now he is doing his job. As long as it suits them. There is quite a utilitarian attitude towards the Ukrainian authorities and its representatives. Britain is closer to the scene and is trying to take the initiative. She is not allowed to sleep peacefully with phantom pains about her former greatness. The United States and Britain have nuances in the perception of the processes, in differences in some goals and objectives, but they have no particular contradictions regarding the Ukrainian government with the United States.

Источник www.mk.ru

The political scientist explained why Europe no longer imposes sanctions against Russia


“New sanctions will be introduced slowly and heavily”

Reuters, citing unnamed diplomats, reported on August 18 that Western countries are not proposing new sanctions measures against Russia because they fear low support these initiatives from other states. Political scientist Dmitry Zhuravlev believes that Western authorities are also afraid of people's discontent because of the sanctions and their possible consequences.

Photo: Global Look Press

In an interview with Vechernyaya Moskva, Zhuravlev noted that the sanctions hit Western countries hard, so they have to think about the consequences for themselves. In addition, the expert recalled that there is an election process in the West, and if, for example, the Germans are not fed, watered or given hot water, then they can vote against the current cabinet of ministers. According to the political scientist, no one needs this, so politicians are trying to slow down the sanctions.

In addition, Zhuravlev argues that support for sanctions is now also reduced. According to the expert, the exhibition “Army-2022” demonstrated who the ministers of war are, namely, they are the most conservative people in any government. The political scientist noted that many military ministers from all over the world came to the forum, which showed a real attitude towards the sanctions process. At the same time, according to the expert, none of the countries whose ministers attended the forum support anti-Russian sanctions, because they do not need it.

In addition, the expert clarified that the sanctions hit their authors so hard, that they have to think about it, but admitting it is scary, because it is much easier to say that they are not supported in the UN. Zhuravlev is convinced that new sanctions will be introduced “slowly and heavily.” The political scientist explains this by the fact that it is almost impossible to agree on them within the framework of the European Union, emphasizing that Hungary opposes them, and Germany, in turn, hesitates. The expert recalled that all decisions are made in the EU unanimously, so any sanctions measures will be agreed upon for a very long time.

See also:Reuters: The West is afraid to impose new sanctions against Russia

Источник www.mk.ru


The head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations will visit the Vladimir region to assess the fight against fires


Head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia Alexander Kurenkov will visit the Vladimir region in order to assess the situation with wildfires in the region, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the press service of the department.

To be confirmed that the task force is heading to the Gus-Khrustalny district, where a peat bog was smoldering on an area of ​​3 hectares near the village of Panfilovo.

The Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation initiated inspections in the Ryazan region, where a natural fire is raging on an area of ​​180 hectares. 850 people, 300 pieces of equipment, including 4 helicopters of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, as well as the Be-200ChS amphibious aircraft, Mi-26 and Mi-8 helicopters and two Il-76 aircraft are involved in extinguishing the fire.

In a number of districts of Moscow, the smell of burning is felt for the second day, the cause of which, according to the Ministry of Emergencies, was forest fires in the Ryazan region.

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Источник aif.ru

Is it true that pets can get monkeypox?


Plot Worldwide monkeypox outbreak

Scientists have reported the first reported case of monkeypox transmission from human to pet. In a report published in The Lancet, experts described a case in an Italian greyhound.

What is known about the infection of a dog with monkeypox?

According to a report in The Lancet, the animal contracted monkeypox presumably from its owners. Dog owners — homosexual couple from France. Men discovered the first symptoms of the disease at the end of May. They developed abscesses on their bodies, fever, headaches and weakness. The men self-isolated at home along with the Italian greyhound.

The first symptoms in the dog appeared 13 days after the diagnosis of the disease in the owners. Mucocutaneous lesions appeared on the dog's body, including pustules (pustules) on the abdomen. Scientists conducted PCR testing of samples of affected skin, as well as smears from the oral cavity. Research has confirmed infection with the monkeypox virus. According to the results obtained, the strain that has been actively spreading since May 2022 was found in the dog. At the same time, the virus that infected the owner and the pet coincides 100%.

Who is considered the main carrier of the disease?

In West and Central Africa, rodents are the main carrier of monkeypox: striped squirrels , tree squirrels, gambian rats, dormice and non-human primates.

Human infection occurs mainly through contact with wild animals, butchering their carcasses, eating meat and offal without heat treatment.

Can domestic animals transmit monkeypox?

According to researchers, no cases of reverse transmission from pets have yet been recorded. But scientists say pets can act as carriers of the virus.

So, in 2003, a Texan entrepreneur imported several giant Gambian hamster rats from Africa to the United States. At that time, they became popular pets in Western countries. Some of the rodents on board became infected with the monkeypox virus, and when they arrived at their destination, the animals spread the disease. In six states, 71 cases of the disease were reported, hospitalization was required for 18 infected.

How do pets tolerate the disease?

As Izvestia was told by Head of the Yekaterinburg Research Institute of Viral Infections SSC VB “Vector” Rospotrebnadzor, Doctor of Biological Sciences Alexander Semenov, in most animals, monkeypox is relatively mild, and no special measures are required. However, the sick pet should be isolated for 21 days.

Sources:

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140- 6736(22)01487-8/fulltext

http://cgon.rospotrebnadzor.ru/content/633/ospa-obezyan

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WHO expert recommends revaccinating against COVID-19 no more than three times


The fourth vaccination against coronavirus should be prescribed only to people who have a risk of concomitant diseases, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the chairman of the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization, Alejandro Cravioto.

The expert does not recommended that the population be revaccinated against COVID-19 more than three times.

Earlier, head of the Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology of the Russian National Research Medical University. N.I. Pirogov Vladimir Nikiforov said that the first component of Sputnik V can be used for revaccination against coronavirus.

The Ministry of Health of Russia said that the expiration date of the Sputnik V vaccine for the prevention of COVID-19 decided to extend. For a vaccine from different manufacturers, the shelf life will now be from six months to a year.

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On the protection of nature. Aleksey Reteyum appointed VOOP Development Director


On August 16, the director of the oldest botanical garden in Russia — «Apothecary Garden» — Aleksey Reteyum was appointed Development Director of the All-Russian Society for Nature Conservation. VOOP — the oldest and most massive public environmental organization in our country, founded back in 1924.

Revived the Aptekarsky Garden 

For 29 years of work in the "Pharmaceutical garden" Alexey Reteyum managed to revive it after the complete decline of the end of the 20th century, turning it into one of the most beautiful, informative and favorite places for the inhabitants of the capital. thanks and awards from many state and public organizations. In 2019, he headed the restoration of the PA “Botanical Garden named after P. I. Travnikov”.

According to both specialists and ordinary residents of the capital, Aleksey Reteyum not only preserved the Apothecary Garden as an object of historical heritage, restored scientific, educational and educational activities in it. He also managed to create a unique aesthetic and ecological environment in it, attractive to people of all ages. To date, «Apothecary Garden» — one of the most famous and respected botanical gardens in Russia.

Development of the oldest environmental organization

Vyacheslav Fetisov, Chairman of the All-Russian Society for Conservation of Naturecommented on the news of the appointment, noting that the mission of the VOOP is to unite all caring citizens of the country to preserve the nature of the Earth, and he is glad that Aleksey Reteyum will head the organization.

«To become successful — it's hard work and good luck to be successful — it is philosophy. It is critical to work with like-minded people who share common goals and help solve impossible problems. The mission of the VOOP is to unite all caring citizens of our country to preserve the nature and ecology of the Earth for a successful and healthy future for the next generations. I am glad that Alexey Reteyum has joined our friendly team, — Fetisov emphasized.

In addition, in 2021 Alexey Reteyum was the chief scientific expert of the Green Yard project, implemented by the Argumenty i Fakty publishing house. and the Greenway Company. This project was awarded the “Best Social Projects of Russia” award. in 2022 in the nomination “Environmental projects and initiatives”.

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Technopolis “ERA” showed innovative developments at the forum “Army-2022”


Military innovative technopolis “ERA” within the framework of the forum “Army-2022” presented joint developments with leading universities, research institutes and Russian industrial enterprises.

In particular, at the exposition one could see the Mini Data Processing Center; (DPC) for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. This is a platform for storing and processing large data arrays for training specialized artificial neural networks based on the collaboration of manufacturers of domestic electronic components.

An unparalleled ERA-Video system was also presented. – a wireless complex for remote video surveillance of local objects with video transmission over a secure radio channel, its offline operation time without recharging is up to six months.

In addition, together with the Sagittarius company a monitoring system for vital functions “Bracelet-PRO” was developed. It can record the pulse and ECG of a serviceman in real time.

The guests of the forum had the opportunity to see the robotic complex “Platforma-MUL”. It is distinguished by low weight and dimensions, light armor and modular design.  The platform can simultaneously carry 16 Kamikaze drones, in addition, it can be equipped with a container for transporting property, a stretcher for evacuation, or used for self-detonation.

Earlier it was reported that the forum “Army- 2022" an exhibition of captured weapons and military equipment captured during a special operation in Ukraine has opened.

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Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin’s dance video hits 3 million views


A video of Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin dancing has garnered more than three million views on YouTube, according to the video hosting data.

In the video, which hit the Internet, you can see 36 -year-old head of the Finnish government at the party sings, dances vigorously and hugs with other participants of the holiday.

Finnish media condemned Marin for participating in such videos, but the prime minister said that she was an ordinary person and had the right to have fun in her free time .

Later it was reported that the party participants allegedly used drugs, but Marin denied these reports. According to her, that evening she drank only alcohol and did not see anyone else taking illegal substances.

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Fatal kitty. Five-year-old girl died while riding a scooter in a kindergarten


In Novosibirsk, a five-year-old girl crashed to death on a scooter. The reason is prosaic: uneven asphalt in the kindergarten. A criminal case has been initiated on the fact of the death of the child.

While the educators did not see, the girl decided to ride a scooter, ran into a bump and hit her head on the asphalt.

Arrived on  The doctors tried to save the child, but couldn't.

As the father of the deceased told NGS reporters, the cause of the child's death was poor-quality asphalt on the territory of the kindergarten. "I many times suggested banning scooters on the territory of the kindergarten, since the asphalt surface does not allow you to ride them  — says the Siberian.

Judging by the photo taken by the man, the road is full of bumps and potholes. Falling and breaking on such a will not be difficult.

Networkers who also took children to this garden confirm the words of the father of the dead girl: the asphalt is loose, broken, it is dangerous to ride.

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The investigators interrogated the employees of the kindergarten and the relatives of the deceased. The circumstances of the incident are established. The case is being investigated under Part 2 Article 109 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (causing death through negligence due to improper performance of one's professional duties).

The Ministry of Education of the Novosibirsk Region has formed a commission, which has already left to the scene of the accident and started an investigation. A pedagogical investigation is also underway.

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Helicopters: the most interesting on the fourth day of the “Army”


International military-technical forum “Army-2022” takes place from August 15 to 21 at the Patriot Congress and Exhibition Center. What interesting things were shown on the fourth day of the “Army-2022” forum — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

The Mi-28NE attack helicopter at the exhibition as part of the Army-2022 International Military-Technical Forum on the territory of the Patriot Congress and Exhibition Center. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Odinokov

Attack helicopter Mi-28NE with a light multi-purpose guided missile (LMUR) or “Product 305” © AiF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Transport and combat helicopter Mi-35P. This is the latest modification of the legendary Mi-24 “Crocodile”, created 50 years ago. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Odinokov

Under the body of the car you can see a ball – this is an OPS, a sighting station equipped with a third-generation long-wave thermal imager, a television camera and a laser rangefinder. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

“Vikhr-1” is an air-based guided missile designed to destroy ground-based maneuverable armored vehicles equipped with dynamic protection units (BDZ), as well as medium-speed air targets (helicopters, attack aircraft and UAVs). © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

High-explosive aerial bombs FAB-250 and FAB-100 © AiF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Universal unmanned aerial system of helicopter type BAS-750. It consists of two helicopters with a maximum takeoff weight of 750 kg, as well as two ground control and flight support stations. The autonomous mobile system provides continuous flight of rotorcraft drones included in it for up to 6 hours. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Multi-purpose helicopter Ka-32A11M. A universal air platform that allows you to place various special equipment to effectively solve special and civilian tasks. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

The Mi-28NE attack helicopter at the exhibition as part of the Army-2022 International Military-Technical Forum on the territory of the Patriot Congress and Exhibition Center. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Odinokov

Attack helicopter Mi-28NE with a light multi-purpose guided missile (LMUR) or “Product 305” © AiF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Transport and combat helicopter Mi-35P. This is the latest modification of the legendary Mi-24 “Crocodile”, created 50 years ago. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Odinokov

Under the body of the car you can see a ball – this is an OPS, a sighting station equipped with a third-generation long-wave thermal imager, a television camera and a laser rangefinder. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

“Vikhr-1” is an air-based guided missile designed to destroy ground-based maneuverable armored vehicles equipped with dynamic protection units (BDZ), as well as medium-speed air targets (helicopters, attack aircraft and UAVs). © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

High-explosive aerial bombs FAB-250 and FAB-100 © AiF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Universal unmanned aerial system of helicopter type BAS-750. It consists of two helicopters with a maximum takeoff weight of 750 kg, as well as two ground control and flight support stations. The autonomous mobile system provides continuous flight of rotorcraft drones included in it for up to 6 hours. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

© AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Multi-purpose helicopter Ka-32A11M. A universal air platform that allows you to place various special equipment to effectively solve special and civilian tasks. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

Источник aif.ru

The court fined Delivery Club in connection with the leakage of personal data


The court fined the food delivery service Delivery Club 80,000 rubles in connection with the violation of Russian legislation in the field of personal data. This is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the press service of the Savelovsky Court of the capital of the Russian Federation.

Under the article of the Code of Administrative Offenses, Delivery Club could be fined 60-100 thousand rubles.

Recall that earlier personal data of couriers of Yandex.Food delivery services got into the Internet; and Delivery Club. File with data about Yandex.Food couriers includes more than 700 thousand lines with last names, first names, patronymics, passwords and phone numbers of employees. The file with data on Delivery Club couriers has more than 521 thousand lines with names, email addresses and phone numbers.

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Downpours and hurricane wind hit Europe after drought, there are victims


Powerful winds and downpours that hit French Corsica today caused the death of at least two residents of the island, and at least 12 more citizens were injured and are in serious condition. This was reported by TASS.

The dead were a 13-year-old girl and a 72-year-old woman. The cause of death of one of them was a tree falling on a house in a campsite.

In connection with the rampant elements, the infrastructure was seriously damaged, traffic was disrupted. More than 45,000 homes were left without electricity.

In addition, according to RIA Novosti, the drought-stricken regions of northern Italy were also hit by downpours and hurricane winds. In Tuscany, trees and roofs were demolished by a storm, two citizens died, four were injured. The media report that a hurricane-force wind spun the Ferris wheel in the commune of Piombino.

In the eastern part of Austria, a storm led to the death of two children. Another 10 citizens were seriously injured.

Earlier it was reported that 14 people were victims of heavy rains in South Korea, four more people were missing.

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And over the city – a new smoke. Expert on the causes and nature of forest fires


Forest fires in the country blaze every summer, but residents of large cities notice them only when the streets begin to tighten with haze and it becomes increasingly difficult to breathe. This is the situation now. 

The chief researcher of the Center for Problems of Ecology and Forest Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Deputy Dmitry Zamolodchikov, Editor-in-Chief of the “Forest Science” journal, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

A field or a meadow can burn

Aif.ru: — How often do forest fires occur?

Dmitry Zamolodchikov: — It depends on regional conditions. Firstly, on how often adverse weather events occur, associated with the formation of heat and dryness over a long period. Secondly, on what kind of forest grows there and how easily it ignites. In different regions of our country, these periods can be both short (from 3 to 10 years) and long (take tens or even hundreds of years).

— Let's take the Ryazan region, where the forests are now burning. 

— In it, as in other regions of Central Russia, the frequency of severe fire hazard situations is approximately 15-20 years. 

Forest fires in the Ryazan region

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan region

Forest fires in the Ryazan region

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© Andrey Abakumov

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia for the Ryazan Region

© GU EMERCOM of Russia for the Ryazan Region

— Now every summer is hot and dry. What determines whether a fire breaks out or not? 

— It depends on a complex of reasons, but weather factors still come first. A severe fire situation is observed when there is a high temperature and no precipitation, and this lasts a very long time, plus the wind plays a big role, which spreads the fire. In this case, the probability of a forest fire is high, and as soon as a cause for ignition appears, it arises and develops further and further.

And the cause for ignition is human activity, one way or another connected with fire. It can be an agricultural fire, a match or a cigarette butt thrown in the forest, an unextinguished fire.

If the summer is hot, but it rains from time to time, there will be no forest fire.

— Also, it probably won't exist if everything in this place has already burned down a year ago?

— But this is not a fact. A natural fire can develop not only in the forest, but also in the field and in the meadow. When the forest burns down and the tree stand dies, the next year the vegetation cover resumes — grasses and shrubs begin to grow there. And after a few years, quite dense vegetation is formed. And it can also catch fire, although the scale of such a fire will be smaller and it will be easier to deal with it.

— Is it possible to fight forest fires by causing rain artificially? After all, the technology has long been worked out and is used to “disperse the clouds”, for example, before the parade on May 9.

— Last year, catastrophic fires raged in Siberia, which forced the authorities and the scientific community to look for new ways to solve the problem. Calling artificial rain — just one of them. In some regions of Yakutia, this method was already used last summer, and it seems to have had a positive effect: the scale of fires has decreased. 

Since this year, a large project has been implemented in Yakutia, in which Rosleskhoz, the Ministry of Natural Resources, and the Russian Academy of Sciences are participating. Its purpose — Learn how to make artificial rain. That is, the technology is being perfected, but we must understand that it is not a panacea. Artificial rain can be caused only where there are resource clouds, that is, clouds into which reagents (primarily silver compounds) can be introduced to form centers of moisture condensation. Then the water will spill. If there is such a powerful anticyclone that there is not a single cloud in the sky, it is useless to call rain. There simply isn't enough moisture in the atmosphere. 

There are more and more people, the temperature is getting higher

— Scientists from the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences conducted a study and found that over the past thousand years, forest fires began to occur 2-3 times more often. Why do you think?

— Because over the past thousand years, the number of people has grown many times over. There are almost 8 billion of us now. Imagine how much more bonfires there were than there were in Viking times. 

Of course, there is another reason — climate change, they have become apparent over the past hundred years. It is now known that as temperatures rise, extreme weather events, including heatwaves, are on the rise. There are more so-called blocking anticyclones when hot and dry weather persists for several weeks. Therefore, fire hazard situations began to arise more often.

— There is an opinion that fires benefit nature — they remove dead dry trees, renew the forest. Is that right?

— The question is complex, and there is no clear answer to it. For example, some scientists believe that larch forests in the same Yakutia (frozen larch forests) are pyrogenic, that is, “fire-loving”. Fires are a necessary condition for their existence, since they provide them with the necessary substances. As we know, there are very cold winters and dry summers in those parts. Under such conditions, dead organic matter — fallen needles, leaves, twigs — practically does not decompose. How to return nitrogen and phosphorus to the biogeochemical cycle? Nature does this through fire. For several years, dead organic matter accumulates in the forest, then a ground fire passes, and it burns out, while the larches themselves survive.

On the other hand, we have indigenous forests — where there has been no disturbance for hundreds of years. There are oaks and fir trees several centuries old. And now imagine that such a forest burns out. After all, it may never recover, or it will take 400-500 years to recover. We will lose a unique ecosystem. And what is the use of nature from such a fire? No.

— What kind of forests are being restored after fires? What trees are being planted? 

— It also depends on where the fire occurred and whether this area is subject to artificial reforestation. In Siberia, huge areas of burnt forests, as a rule, are left for restoration by nature. That is, it happens naturally there. 

But if the forest burned down near settlements, from the existing infrastructure, it is usually restored, but only with conifers — pine and spruce. Our forestry is focused on this, for it the priority is the cultivation of coniferous trees, since their wood has more valuable technological qualities. 

The fact is that when the forest burns down, in its place, small-leaved species — birch, aspen, alder. Only after a few decades, coniferous trees grow there. And since small-leaved plantations have limited economic use, they try to control the process of reforestation. It is better to grow a good pine tree than just restore the forest. But there is nothing wrong with nature.

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Drivers in Zaporozhye began to issue Russian certificates and numbers


In Zaporozhye started issuing Russian driver's licenses and numbers with the code 185 The issuance of Russian driver's licenses and license plates with the code 185 began in Melitopol. To obtain a driver's license, the driver must provide a Russian passport

Mosvodokanal employees were paid salaries in the LPR after a complaint to Putin


Moskalkova announced the payment of salaries to Mosvodokanal workers in the LPR after a complaint to Putin In the LPR, more than 1.1 thousand employees of Mosvodokanal worked in July, on average they were paid 139 thousand rubles each. for restoration work. Workers complained about the lack of wages with the words “we didn’t suspect that we could be deceived” =”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Employment contracts have been concluded with Mosvodokanal employees who were sent to the Lugansk People's Republic to carry out restoration work, they have been paid salaries, Ombudsman Tatyana Moskalkova said on Telegram. Earlier, employees of the enterprise complained about non-payment of money.

“The Commissioner for Human Rights in the LPR, Victoria Serdyukova, confirmed to me that the incident has been settled, people are satisfied,” — added Moskalkova.

In July, 1,137 employees of Mosvodokanal worked in Lugansk, in total they were paid more than 137.2 million rubles, and on average each received 139.6 thousand rubles, Moskalkova said with reference to enterprise data. According to her, Mosvodokanal undertook a significant amount of work in the region, the restoration of infrastructure continues.

Complaint of Mosvodokanal employees published in mid-August by the Ura.ru portal, they addressed President Vladimir Putin. One of the workers explained that the company sent them on a business trip to the city of Shchastya, but the employees do not receive money, working without an employment contract, the corresponding requirement was rejected by the management.

“When deciding to come to the restoration of the LPR, we did not even suspect that we could be deceived, given the amount of public attention drawn to this problem,” — said the employees of “Mosvodokanal” in a video message.

Three days later, on August 15, Moskalkova asked the Prosecutor General's Office to conduct an inspection, urging, if necessary, “to take measures to restore the rights of workers.”

>Read on RBC Pro Pro Why there are no such bright logos as Coca-Cola in Europe Articles Pro How to have a rest in order to have time to recuperate during the weekend Instructions Pro You have 8 seconds. How to present and sell an idea Summary Pro The main thing is not to reach Abibas: what should be the import-substituting brand Articles Pro “I left my boss humiliated”: how to deal with toxicity at work Import substitution “out of the blue”: what threatens the lack of competition in ITIn early July, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin arrived in Lugansk. Together with the head of the local administration, Manolis Pivalov, they signed a declaration on the establishment of sister city relations between the cities. “We have jointly outlined plans for the restoration of Lugansk, the creation of a normal peaceful life here,” — said the mayor of Moscow.

Sobyanin also visited the production base “Luganskvody”, where on the eve of the mayor's visit specialists from Mosvodokanal arrived, said the head of the LPR Leonid Pasechnik. Specialists of the Moscow company immediately began preparations for work in the Lugansk water supply system, Paschenik said. According to him, they said that they “are eager to repair and lay as many water pipelines as possible.”

Moscow will provide support not only to Lugansk, but also to two satellite cities— the city of Happiness and the village of Luganskaya, the Rossiya 1 TV channel reported. The story said that on the basis of “Lugansk Vodokanal” created a branch of Mosvodokanal.

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Finnish PM to undergo drug test after party video


Finnish Prime Minister Marin agreed to take a drug test after a video from the party According to Marin, she did nothing illegal and only spent her free time with friends. Earlier, a video from a party with the participation of the prime minister was leaked to the Network. A number of politicians demanded that Marin take a drug test

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Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin says she has 'nothing to hide' and she is ready to take a drug test, reports Helsingin Sanomat.

Earlier in Finland, a scandal erupted around a video from a party with the participation of the Prime Minister. In these videos, Marin dances and sings with Finnish celebrities, including singer Alma, blogger Ilona Julikorpi, TV presenters Tinni Wikström and Karolina Tuominen and others.

One of the recordings mentions the word jauhojengi. According to Yle, the word jauho translates as “flour”; or “powder”, but colloquially can refer to drugs. Jengi translates as “gang, company.”

The videos were leaked to the Internet, and they caused a wide public outcry. The leader of the opposition party “True Finns” Riikka Purra and MP from the Center Party Mikko Kärnä was told that Marin should take a drug test. At the same time, the parliamentary faction of the Social Democratic Party (Marin — its leader) stressed that they trust the prime minister.

Marin herself said that she was ready to take tests. “I have nothing to hide. I have not taken drugs, so I have no problem passing these tests. But it seems absurd to me that something like this is required of me, — she noted.

Read on RBC Pro Pro x The Economist The mystery of Ghana: how the country with the most paradoxical economic model lives know for those who plan to sell Instructions Pro In Russian management, there is a “culture of order”. What this leads to Pro instructions Bypass direct sales: what is happening to the d2c market under sanctions Articles Pro Why selling Netflix is ​​only a matter of time Articles Pro All roads lead to China: how carriers can survive the Russian transport blockade Articles the videos in question were filmed on private premises and she did not expect them to become public. According to Marin, this party was a few weeks ago and she only drank light alcohol at it.

“I danced, sang, had fun, did completely legal things. <…> I have a family life, I have a job and I have free time to spend with my friends. About the same as many people of my age,»,— the politician noted. According to her, she also did not see any of the other participants in the party using drugs.

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The authorities of Zaporozhye promised to broadcast what is happening at the nuclear power plant using UAVs


The drones will start broadcasting what is happening at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, where, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense, Ukrainian troops are preparing a provocation. About this on the air «Soloviev Live» Volodymyr Rogov, a member of the main council of the administration of the Zaporozhye region, said.

“I specifically handed over the drones to our guys at the nuclear power plant, so that constant shooting was carried out along the perimeter for the National Guard and our security forces, so that any arrival and moment could be fixed,” — he said.

According to him, the probability of provocations at the ZNPP in the coming days by the Armed Forces of Ukraine is “close to 100%”.

On August 18, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that it was aware of Kyiv's plans to stage a provocation at a nuclear power plant and blame Moscow for the disaster. The provocation can be committed as early as August 19, during the visit of UN Secretary General António Guterres to Ukraine, follows from the publication of the agency.

According to the agency, units of the 44th artillery brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are planning to launch artillery strikes on the territory of the Zaporozhye NPP from firing positions in the city of Nikopol and Manganets. However, the blame for their consequences will be assigned to the Russian armed forces, the Ministry of Defense points out. The agency also emphasized that there are no heavy weapons of Russian troops in the area of ​​the station and on its territory.

Zaporozhye NPP— the largest nuclear power plant in Europe. It is located in the city of Energodar, which is controlled by Russian forces. On February 28, four days after the start of the military operation in Ukraine, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the territory of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant was taken under control.

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The Russian Foreign Ministry assessed the possibility of a direct clash with the United States and NATO


< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/6/88/756608349051886.png" alt="The Russian Foreign Ministry assessed the possibility of a direct clash with the US and NATO" />< /p>

Russia is not interested in a direct clash with the United States and NATO countries, said Ivan Nechaev, Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

“Our Armed Forces are equipped with modern and high-precision conventional (non-nuclear. — RBC) weapons, which allow us to fully implement the goals and tasks set by the President of Russia for the purposes of the NMD in Ukraine. Russia, as a nuclear power, will continue to act as responsibly as possible, a direct clash with the United States and NATO is not in our interests, — he said.

Nechaev stressed that “Russia has never saber-rattled, let alone nuclear.” At the same time, according to him, due to the supply of the “regime in Kyiv” clashes between Russia and the forces of the collective West are quite real.

Russia announced the start of a military special operation in Ukraine on the morning of February 24th. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the denazization and demilitarization of the neighboring country, as well as the protection of the population of Donbass from “genocide”; from Kyiv. Ukraine, in response, severed diplomatic relations with Moscow and declared martial law.

Against the backdrop of a special operation, the heads of state— members of the North Atlantic Alliance at the end of June adopted a new NATO strategic concept, in which Russia is called the most significant and direct threat to the security of the bloc. At the same time, the document notes that the alliance does not seek confrontation and does not pose a threat to Russia, and is also ready to keep channels of communication with Moscow open, despite the fact that it no longer considers it a partner.

This is not the first time the Russian leadership has accused NATO of an aggressive policy towards Moscow. In particular, the first deputy head of the presidential administration, Sergei Kiriyenko, said that the bloc was conducting a “hot military operation”; against Russia on the territory of Ukraine. Putin called the expansion of NATO to the East one of the reasons for holding the NWO in Ukraine.

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Russia sent a note of protest to Estonia over the demolition of the T-34 monument in Narva


Russia sent a note of protest to the Estonian Foreign Ministry over the demolition of the T-34 monument in Narva The dismantling of the monument took place on August 16, it was going to be sent to the Estonian War Museum. The prime minister of the republic argued that the monuments of the USSR should be removed from public space because of Russia's actions in Ukraine png 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Dismantling the Soviet T-34 tank

Russia sent a note of protest to the Estonian Foreign Ministry over the dismantling of the T-34 monument in Narva, said Ivan Nechaev, deputy director of the information and press department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. His words are quoted by the press service of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

“On August 16, in the vicinity of the city of Narva, the Estonian authorities dismantled this monument, as well as six more monuments in this city, including memorial plates on the central Petrovsky Square, a monument to the Hero of the Soviet Union I. Grafov, an obelisk to the Red Army, a memorial to the landing in Meriküla, two monument in Narva-Jõesuu. In this regard, we sent a corresponding note of protest to the Estonian Foreign Ministry, — said Nechaev.

He called the dismantling of the monument a “shameful action”, since the entire process was controlled by the Estonian Police and Border Guard Board, special forces and defense forces were also involved, access roads were blocked and the work of the Narva —Ivangorod border checkpoint was stopped.

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According to the deputy head of the department, the opposition of the Narva city council is going to sue “for the anti-democratic actions of the Estonian state”, because of which the authorities threatened supporters of the preservation of the monument to cancel their residence permits.

"The legendary T-34, now in the Museum of Military History, will, of course, be used by Tallinn in the spirit of the concept of "Soviet occupation",— considers Nechaev.

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The T-34 monument is located on the left bank of the Narva River. It marks the place where the Soviet troops crossed the river to drive the German troops back from the city. The monument was opened in May 1970.

The authorities of Narva decided to move the monument in early August. On August 16, the T-34 tank was removed from the pedestal to be sent to the Estonian War Museum. The ERR TV channel reported that around the place where the monument was erected, the police set up a cordon and blocked nearby roads, the police and the Ministry of Defense of the country were involved in the dismantling.

Explaining the need to demolish the monument, Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas said that after February 24, military monuments of the USSR in the public space of Estonia “ceased to be only a local problem.” “None of us wants a militarily aggressive and hostile neighbor to stir up tension in our home,” she said.

Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Reinsalu called for the removal of the tank within a month. He recalled the conflict over yet another Soviet monument, the Bronze Soldier, which “was ripening over the course of a year,” resulting in thousands of people gathering to express their feelings about what was happening. “Russian agents of influence were given the opportunity to kick up the dust, so it all ended in such a crisis,” — the minister said, noting that delay is not in the interests of the Estonians and the Estonian state.

Reinsalu called for “solving the issue as a whole”, because if you simply remove the T-34 tank from the pedestal, it may soon be replaced by another communist monument. “The tank has become a symbol, but symbols have their own magic. Symbols are used to judge who we are and what the values ​​of society are, — the minister emphasized.

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Ukraine and Turkey agreed to restore destroyed infrastructure


Turkey will help Ukraine restore the infrastructure destroyed as a result of hostilities – bridges, hospitals, roads, schools and other facilities. A month ago, the Ukrainian authorities estimated the country's recovery plan at $750 billion -width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Oleksandr Kubrakov, Minister of Trade of the Republic of Turkey Mehmet Mush (right to left in the foreground), Vladimir Zelensky and Recep Tayyip Erdogan (right to left in the background)

Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Oleksandr Kubrakov and Turkish Minister of Trade Mehmet Mus signed an agreement on the restoration of Ukrainian infrastructure destroyed as a result of the conflict, Haber TV channel reports.

The agreement provides for the creation of a Task Force for the Reconstruction of Ukraine by the two countries. The group will coordinate the reconstruction of social and economic facilities such as roads, bridges, water and electricity facilities, hospitals and schools.

The documents were signed in the presence of the Presidents of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the Potocki Palace. The Turkish leader, together with UN Secretary General António Guterres, arrived in Lviv for a trilateral meeting closed to the press.

Ukraine estimates the amount needed to restore the country at $750 billion, the Kyiv delegation named this amount of funds at a special conference in Switzerland in early July. The parties agreed to allocate a $1.9 billion loan to Ukraine, Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal clarified: we are talking about $600 million for financial support, more than $500 million for the development of the agricultural sector, more than $500 million for preparations for the heating season and almost $250 million for development projects of the country's digital transformation.

About $30–100 should be allocated per year for the restoration of Ukraine, Timofei Mylovanov, adviser to the head of the office of the Ukrainian president, estimated at the end of July. He clarified that $20–30 billion of them are planned to be allocated annually to support the macroeconomics, a similar amount is required to maintain the army.

Read on RBC Pro Pro All paths lead to China: how carriers can survive the Russian transport blockade Articles Pro Tennis, pickleball and football with youth: how George Clooney keeps fit Articles Pro “I left the boss humiliated”: how to deal with toxicity at work rest without guilt: 5 main principles “I think that Russia should also make its contribution,” — stressed the head of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen.

The Kremlin criticizes such proposals. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said it had become illegal and “blatant” event. “Actual outright theft”, — he emphasized.

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Vladimir Zelensky

politician, President of Ukraine

January 25, 1978

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The State Duma will decide on an extraordinary meeting on Ukraine on Monday


Gennady Zyuganov proposed holding an extraordinary meeting, accusing the country's leadership of limiting itself to calls to condemn terrorism in response to shelling from the Ukrainian country< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/5/67/756608379622675.png 800w" media="(max-width: 400px) and (-webkit-min- device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/5/67/756608379622675.png" alt="The State Duma will decide on an extraordinary meeting on Ukraine on Monday" />< /p> Gennady Zyuganov

The State Duma will decide on the issue of holding an additional meeting of the Council of the State Duma on the situation in Ukraine at the beginning of next week, said the speaker of the lower house of parliament, Vyacheslav Volodin. additional meeting of the Council of the State Duma and on Monday we will decide, & mdash; the press service of the State Duma quotes his words.

To hold an extraordinary meeting at which the deputies would discuss the situation in Ukraine, and in particular the shelling of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant, was previously proposed by the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov. “Alarming reports are coming from the zone of Russia's special military operation in Ukraine. The insane shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant continues. Every day, shells and rockets are raining down on the cities and towns of Donbass, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions, — he wrote on his social networks. The leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation stressed that the strikes on the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant and the Stirol chemical enterprise in Gorlovka they threaten an ecological disaster, and “the Russian side so far is limited to calls on the so-called world community to condemn acts of state terror.” In this regard, he said, the Communist Party faction is making a proposal to hold “a meeting of the Council of the State Duma, where it is necessary to discuss the current situation and develop additional measures for the successful completion of the military-political operation.”

“I agree with the head of the Communist Party faction, Gennady Andreevich Zyuganov, that the consolidation of society in support of the special military operation in Ukraine is of decisive importance,” — said Volodin, commenting on his statement.

Now the deputies are on vacation, the spring session of the State Duma ended on July 7, the autumn session should begin on August 30. In the summer, Volodin himself proposed holding an extraordinary meeting of the State Duma. He explained the need for the meeting by the fact that “issues have accumulated that require urgent solutions.” As a result, the agenda included the appointment of Denis Manturov to the post of Deputy Prime Minister and consideration of 17 bills.

In July, the situation in the area of ​​the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant escalated, Ukraine and Russia accuse each other of shelling the complex. The day before, on August 17, Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the military-civilian administration of the Zaporozhye region, said that two artillery gunners of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, who worked at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, were detained in Energodar. On August 18, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that Kyiv was preparing a “resonant provocation”; at the Zaporozhye NPP on August 19, during the visit to Ukraine of UN Secretary General António Guterres.

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Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant— Europe's largest nuclear power plant in terms of installed capacity and the third largest in the world. It is located on the banks of the Kakhovka reservoir on the Dnieper, not far from Energodar in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine. The station consists of six power units with VVER-1000 reactors, the first of them was put into operation in December 1984, the sixth— in October 1995.

The Zaporozhye NPP accounts for six of the 15 operating nuclear power units in Ukraine. The plant annually generates 40-42 billion kWh, which is almost 21% of the republic's electricity production and 50% of its production at nuclear power plants.

Zaporozhye NPP is connected with the united energy system of Ukraine by three power transmission lines with a capacity of 750 kV and one— 330 kV. It supplies electricity to the Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia, Mykolaiv, Kherson and Odessa regions, and until November 2015 also to the Crimea (in 2015, a power line was blown up on the border with the Kherson region, through which energy was supplied to the peninsula). According to its own data, the nuclear power plant supplied electricity to 10 million people, as well as dozens of large industrial enterprises, including ArcelorMittal Kryvyi Rih; (former Kryvorizhstal), Zaporizhstal, Dneprospetsstal, as well as the Motor Sich aircraft building association. But some of them also receive electricity from the South Ukrainian NPP in the Nikolaev region.

The taking of the Zaporozhye NPP under the control of the Russian Ministry of Defense was announced on February 28, 2022. Formally, the station is still under the control of Ukrenergoatom.

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Putin called full import substitution unnecessary and impossible


Russia should strive for independence in the most important technologies and processes of ship equipment, a complete replacement of imports is not needed, Putin believes. Klishas previously called the import substitution process a complete failure

Against the background of “opportunistic” violations by foreign partners of their obligations, Russia should strive for independence in the technological sphere. This was stated by President Vladimir Putin at a meeting on the development of the shipbuilding industry. The broadcast was conducted by the TV channel “Russia 24” in VKontakte.

Russia should actively develop its own competencies in the field of shipbuilding, as many additional equipment, repair, equipping operations as possible should be carried out at Russian production facilities, the president noted. He believes that problems with supplies from abroad arose due to “purely political, opportunistic, momentary considerations and reasons”; Western countries.

“It is impossible to replace all imports, and there is no need to do this, but to achieve technological sovereignty in critical positions of ship equipment, in the most significant production processes and technologies— need»,— said Putin.

The President has previously criticized import substitution, calling not to consider such a policy a panacea or a cardinal solution to problems. On the contrary, it threatens with the status of “ever catching up”, since the country will be forced to “only repeat others,” the president continued. He pointed out that Russia should be “one step ahead”, create its own competitive technologies, goods and services that will become new world standards. The President pointed out that the country managed to achieve success in the policy of import substitution.

However, in mid-May, Andrey Klishas, ​​head of the Federation Council committee on constitutional legislation and state building, called import substitution in Russia a complete failure. “Apart from the bravura reports of the sectoral departments, there is nothing. Our people see this both in consumer goods and in many other areas, — he pointed out. The senator thus commented on the words of the chairman of the National Anti-Corruption Committee and member of the HRC Kirill Kabanov about the desire of “some leaders” not to achieve economic independence, but “to transplant our industry, and with it the economy, to a new, now Chinese” needle “. He asked: “And if we assume that in the future the Americans still put pressure on China or offer it more favorable conditions, what then?”

The Kremlin did not agree with Klishas’s assessment: presidential representative Dmitry Peskov pointed to work in “aggressive conditions”. “Of course, we cannot, as they say, rest on our laurels, because there is still a lot to be done, and to do it not in the usual, but in an emergency mode, taking into account the conditions in which we exist,” — he added.

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companies left the Russian market. International sanctions were imposed against Moscow, restrictions also affected the import of high-tech products. According to the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, Russia “depends on Europe by more than 45%, on the United States by 21% and on China— by only 11%.

He acknowledged that Russia could try to reduce the impact of sanctions by substituting imports for its own products, which “has been done not without success in the agricultural sector since the 2014 sanctions.” “However, for high-tech products, import substitution is much more difficult,” — Borrell added.

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Erdogan to discuss results of talks in Lvov with Putin


Erdogan, Zelensky and Guterres held closed talks in Lvov, following which the Turkish leader once again declared his readiness to become a mediator in peace talks between Russia and Ukraine

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/6/59/756608417533596.jpg" alt="Erdogan to discuss results of negotiations in Lvov with Putin" />

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he intends to discuss with Russian President Vladimir Putin the results of his talks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and UN Secretary General António Guterres in Lvov. ,— Erdogan said at a press conference following the trilateral meeting.

According to him, Turkey is also ready to become a mediator “in order to revive negotiations on the parameters formed in Istanbul.”

p>

On August 18, the Turkish leader, together with Guterres, held closed talks with Zelensky in Lviv, which lasted about 40 minutes. As a result, Turkey and Ukraine signed an agreement on the restoration of the Ukrainian infrastructure destroyed as a result of the conflict, and the parameters of a possible IAEA mission to the ZNPP were agreed upon.

Earlier, CNN T & uuml; rk, citing sources, reported that during negotiations on August 5 in Sochi, Russian President Vladimir Putin made it clear to Erdogan that he was ready to meet with Zelensky. Thus, according to the channel, Moscow has softened its position, according to which, before the meeting of the leaders, it was necessary for the delegations of the two countries to prepare a “road map”.

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Zelensky repeatedly suggested that Putin meet, and Erdogan expressed his readiness to organize these negotiations. However, the Kremlin stated that so far there were no necessary prerequisites for holding a summit meeting between Russia and Ukraine, since the delegations had not done their “homework”.

At the talks in Lvov, Zelensky once again stressed that the conflict in Ukraine should be decided at the negotiating table. At the same time, he indicated that Kyiv would only negotiate if Russian troops left all occupied territories.

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The governor of the Belgorod region reported on mines in the border areas


According to Vyacheslav Gladkov, after shelling by Ukraine in the Belgorod region, mines banned by the UN PFM-1 “Petal” were found. Previously, the discovery of “scattered mines” was reported in Donetsk and other cities of the DPR “(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

< /p> PFM-1 “Petal” mine, archival photo

PFM-1 “Petal” mines were found in the Belgorod region, the territory of the Shebekinsky urban district turned out to be mined, Governor Vyacheslav Gladkov said during a live broadcast on VKontakte . Mines were found there after several attacks from Ukraine.

“Petals” were scattered in large numbers and at a great distance, now all measures are being taken to remove everything,— he said. According to him, due to the continuing danger, the return of evacuated residents there is impossible.

«Petal»— anti-personnel mine, which is installed on the ground using remote mining equipment, including MLRS. It was produced in the USSR and was in service with the armies of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Soviet and then Russian troops used it during the wars in Afghanistan and Chechnya. Mass of explosive— around 40

At the end of July, the representative office of the Donetsk People's Republic in the joint center for control and coordination (JCCC) announced that the Ukrainian side was shelling Donetsk with missiles with mines “Petal”, stocks which were to be destroyed in Ukraine under the Ottawa Treaty (UN Convention on the Ban of Anti-Personnel Mine) with the financial support of the European Union.

Later, the headquarters of the territorial defense of the DPR published information about the placement of explosive objects in the territory of some settlements, and Russia sent UN Secretary General António Guterres data on the mining by the Ukrainian side of settlements in the Donbass with prohibited “Petals”.

According to the headquarters of the DPR , to activate the “Petal” a push force of 5 kg is required. On August 16, a Russian journalist Zemfira Suleymanova died as a result of a mine explosion of this type.

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Zelensky refused to negotiate with Russia before the withdrawal of troops from Ukraine


President of Ukraine Zelensky allowed negotiations with Russia after the withdrawal of troops Russia must withdraw troops from the occupied regions of Ukraine, in particular from the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, until then a dialogue with Moscow is impossible, Zelensky said. Erdogan noted that both Ukraine and the UN see a solution to the conflict in negotiations “(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/8/46/756608422682468.png" alt="Zelensky refused to negotiate with Russia before the withdrawal of troops from Ukraine" />

Vladimir Zelensky (center), Recep Tayyip Erdogan (left) and António Guterres territory of Ukraine. This was stated by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky following a meeting with his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan and UN Secretary General António Guterres in Lviv, Anadolu agency reports on Twitter.

“Russia must immediately withdraw its troops from the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, stop provocations,” — Zelensky said.

The key topic of the meeting was “how the war could end,” the Turkish president said, CNN T & uuml; rk reports. Ankara is ready to become a mediator in the process of resolving the conflict in order to revive negotiations on the basis of the parameters agreed in Istanbul. “I maintain my belief that the war will eventually end at the negotiating table. In essence, Mr. Zelensky and Guterres agree [with me] on this issue, — Erdogan said. He pointed out that no one wanted a “new Chernobyl”.

Neither Erdogan nor Guterres persuaded Zelensky to make any concessions to Russia, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba assured on Facebook (Meta, the owner of the social network, recognized as extremist and banned in Russia).

Negotiations between Russia and Ukraine to resolve the conflict were actually suspended since the end of March. In Kyiv, they noted that the reason for this was the changed “emotional background”; after the events in early April in the Ukrainian city of Bucha. Reuters, AFP and other agencies reported that dead civilians were found in it. The Russian Defense Ministry called the publications a provocation.

The Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly offered Russia to organize a meeting between Putin and Zelensky, and the Ukrainian president himself has repeatedly come forward with this initiative. For a long time, the Kremlin rejected this possibility, insisting that the negotiators must first do their “homework”; and draw up a road map. By August, Russia softened its demands, allowing Putin and Zelensky to discuss ways to resolve the conflict directly in a face-to-face meeting, sources told CNN Türk. According to the channel's interlocutors, the Russian president told Erdogan about this at a meeting in Sochi in early August.

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At the moment, negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv are impossible, the Ukrainian authorities have said more than once. To do this, Kyiv must first achieve a strong negotiating position, in particular— during the counteroffensive of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, pointed out the head of the Ukrainian delegation, David Arakhamia. Kuleba also noted the direct connection between the situation at the front and the course of the dialogue; he believes that negotiations with Russia are possible only after its “defeat on the battlefield.” “Otherwise it will again be the language of ultimatums,” — the minister explained. If we start negotiations now, it will mean a victory for Russia, said Mikhail Podolyak, adviser to the head of Zelensky's office. He emphasized that the opportunity to win for Ukraine is more important than the chance for “some kind of situational pause.”

Russia sent troops to Ukraine more than five months ago— on the night of February 24th. Putin explained his actions by the desire to “restore statehood” LPR and DPR, to protect the inhabitants of Donbass from the “genocide by the Kyiv regime” and carry out demilitarization and “denazification” neighboring state.

Ukraine in response introduced martial law and general mobilization, diplomatic relations with Russia were severed.

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Biden will allocate $ 80 billion to US tax officials


Biden plans to allocate an additional $80 billion to the Internal Revenue Service to more effectively levy taxes on wealthy citizens. According to NYP sources, in this way the US president plans to raise at least $700 billion over ten years 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Joe Biden

President Joe Biden will provide an additional $80 billion to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as part of his economic program, which provides for the redistribution of part of the tax burden on the rich. This is reported by the New York Times and the New York Post.

The extra money and powers will help the Internal Revenue Service “increase the demands on wealthy Americans or business owners who may hide their income from the government,” writes the NYT. According to the newspaper's source, Biden's plan provides for tax audits of all citizens whose income exceeds $400,000 a year.

According to NYP sources, in this way the US president plans to attract at least $700 billion to the budget over ten years. At the same time, the entire socio-economic program may cost the budget at least $1.5 trillion, the newspaper writes. In addition to increasing the Internal Revenue Service budget, the plan will include a program for universal preschool education, federal paid leave programs, affordable childcare, and free college education.

$80 billion for the IRS, spread over ten years, will nearly 70% more than the agency's total funding in the past decade.

To pay for the American Family Plan, the Biden administration also intends to raise the top marginal income tax rate for wealthy Americans from 23.8% to 39.6% (with a 43.4% rate when the national health insurance fee is added), according to Bloomberg. Medicare) and increase capital gains tax rates for those earning more than $1 million a year.

The White House has regularly emphasized that Biden's proposed tax hike would only affect a small number of people. “This change will only apply to three-tenths of a percent of taxpayers, <…> it is about 500 thousand. households in the country»,— said National Economic Council director Brian Deese.

According to last year's report from the US Treasury Department, more than a quarter of unpaid taxes in the United States are accounted for by the top 1% of workers, and more than 20%— by 0.5%.

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At the same time, according to Politico, the IRS staff has been declining for many years: if in 1992 it numbered 117 thousand. employees, then in 2021 it amounted to 78,661 people (the US population has grown by almost 30% since 1992).

In the US, inflation has been on the rise since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, but it has accelerated to record highs in recent months. So, in March, the consumer price index— the main indicator of inflation in the US— grew by 8.5%, the highest level since 1981. Consumer prices soared 9.1% in June, hitting a nearly 41-year high. After that, inflation slowed down.

To curb inflation, the Federal Reserve System (FRS), which functions as the US Central Bank, raised the key rate. The last time this happened at the end of July: then the rate was raised by 75 basis points— up to 2.25–2.5%.

In April 2021, Biden unveiled a $2 trillion global plan to upgrade U.S. infrastructure and industry. It provides for the allocation of $621 billion to modernize transport infrastructure, $400 billion to support the elderly and disabled, $300 billion to support the industrial sector, $213 billion to repair and build affordable housing, and $100 billion to develop broadband Internet networks.

“This is a once-in-a-generation investment in America <…>. In fact, this is the largest investment in jobs since World War II, — Biden then said. In his opinion, in this way Washington will be able to win the global competition with China.

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An ammunition depot caught fire in the Belgorod region


An ammunition depot caught fire near the border with Ukraine, there were no fatalities, the cause of the fire is unknown, Gladkov said. Two days ago, a fire broke out at an ammunition depot in the Crimea, the authorities explained this by “sabotage” and “agents” from Kyiv

Video

A warehouse with ammunition, no dead or wounded, said the governor of the region Vyacheslav Gladkov in the Telegram channel.

“The head of the district takes the residents of the villages of Timonovo and Soloti to a safe distance. Emergency services are working on the spot, the cause of the fire is being established, & mdash; he wrote.

The village of Timonovo is located in the southeast of the Belgorod region. It is about 30 km from the border with the Kharkiv and Lugansk regions of Ukraine, according to the data of the Yandex.Maps service.

“I am in the village of Pyatnitskoye, about 25-30 km to Timonovo. Explosions have been heard for 50 minutes already, a glow and smoke can be seen. The car shakes, the fence shakes. Explosions are frequent, do not stop. I don’t know anything about evacuation, — Valery, a resident of the Valuysky district, told RBC.

On August 16, ammunition exploded in a temporary warehouse near the Crimean Dzhankoy, the head of the republic, Sergei Aksyonov, reported two victims, the Investigative Committee opened a criminal case (the article of the Criminal Code was not specified). The cause of the incident was sabotage, the Russian Defense Ministry said. “Damage was caused to a number of civilian facilities, including power lines, a power plant, a railway track, as well as a number of residential buildings. There are no serious casualties,— told the ministry. “The agency of the terrorist Kyiv regime received a signal to become more active”, — said then the chairman of the State Council of Crimea, Vladimir Konstantinov.

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A high, yellow, terrorist threat regime operates in the Belgorod region, in early August it was again extended for two weeks— until the 22nd. Schools in the five districts bordering Ukraine are closed, the issue of security for residents of the Belgorod region was discussed on August 8 at a meeting between Gladkov and Putin.

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Zelensky introduced a moratorium on the increase in “communal”


The moratorium will be in effect during martial law and six months after it ends for tariffs for gas, heat supply and hot water /756608453617388.jpg 673w” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” > < source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/320xH/media/img/8/38/756608453617388.jpg 320w" media="(max-width: 320px)" >

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a bill introducing a moratorium on increasing utility bills for Ukrainians during martial law and six months after it ends, UNIAN reports.

The moratorium will affect:< /p>

  • tariffs for natural gas distribution services;
  • tariffs for thermal energy (its production, transportation and supply) and services for the supply of thermal energy;
  • tariffs for the supply of hot water, gas prices for residential consumers.

The difference in tariffs to the supplier is compensated by the state. Tariffs will be reviewed quarterly.

Ukrainian “Naftogaz” previously fixed a tariff of 7.96 hryvnias (13 rubles) per 1 cubic meter of gas until the end of April 2023. The state-owned company called on Ukrainians to pay their bills in good faith, “because today it is extremely important.” At the same time, Naftogaz itself at the end of July, he could not pay about $370 million of debt on Eurobonds, in connection with which he announced a default.

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In early March, against the background of the Russian military operation, Ukraine banned the export of gas from its territory, including gas stored in underground gas storages.

In mid-June, Ukraine's Infrastructure Minister Oleksandr Kubrakov pointed to disruptions in fuel supply chains and stressed that Kyiv was forced to buy it “wherever you can get it.” Kubrakov explained that earlier the country used the nearest states and ports (Poland and Romania) for these purposes, but now fuel is also supplied from Belgium and the Netherlands.

General Director of the GTS Operator Sergey Makogon stated in early July that the upcoming heating season will be the most difficult in Ukrainian history. According to him, in order to successfully pass the heating season, Ukraine needs about 19 billion cubic meters. m of gas in storage.

At the end of July, Naftogaz reported on gas reserves in the amount of 11.8 billion cubic meters. “RBC Ukraine” citing its own sources, it previously reported that the state-owned company asked the Cabinet of Ministers for a subsidy of 150 billion hryvnias (about $5 billion) for the purchase of gas for the heating season.

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Air defense systems worked in Kerch


In Kerch, air defense systems (air defense) worked, Oleg Kryuchkov, adviser to the head of Crimea, said. The city is located in the east of the peninsula.

“There is no danger to the city and the bridge”— he assured.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Russian Ministry of Defense and asked the press service of the Kerch administration for comment

Material is being supplemented.

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