A powerful old man. The most massive air defense system in the world “Strela” received new missiles

Kalashnikov supplied the Russian Ministry of Defense with the first batch of 9M333 anti-aircraft guided missiles for Strela-10M3 anti-aircraft missile systems. The new ammunition should extend the life of the world's most massive ground forces anti-aircraft missile system, which turns 48 this year.

The first public demonstration of the 9M333 took place in 2020, then in December the missile successfully passed qualification and flight tests at the Donguz proving ground in the Orenburg region and fully confirmed its compliance with the customer's requirements. In October 2021, periodic flight tests were carried out with a positive result.

The manufacturer reports that the 9M333 anti-aircraft guided missiles will improve the effectiveness of the fight against low-flying aircraft and helicopters due to the significantly increased “ tenacity '' guidance systems and greater combat power. The missile homing head has three operating modes: photocontrast, infrared and jamming. Its warhead has a mass of 5 kg (instead of 3 kg on the 9M37 missile defense system), and the length has been increased to 2.23 meters. The probability of hitting targets is also increased by increasing the explosive charge, length and cross-section of the striking elements.

The missile is capable of hitting targets at a distance of 5000 meters, while the speed of targets can reach 679 m/s, and the flight altitude is & mdash; from 10 to 3500 meters. At such distances, it is designed to destroy low-flying aircraft and helicopters, as well as remotely piloted aircraft and cruise missiles, even in the most difficult conditions. For example, in a situation where the enemy actively interferes with electronic warfare. Such ammunition allows you to fire on the principle of “ fire and forget '', that is, after launching the rocket, immediately change the location of the anti-aircraft missile system, which allows you not to get hit by a retaliation.

Anti-aircraft missile systems of the Strela family originally designed to protect military units in battle and on the march from air attack and reconnaissance weapons flying at low and ultra-low altitudes. SAM “ Strela-10 '' was developed in the Moscow JSC “ KB Tochmash im. A.E. Nudelman '', who specializes in the creation of high-precision weapons. The complex has eight launchers and is capable of using 9M333, 9M37M and 9M37MD missiles. The mobile base is the MT-LB floating armored personnel carrier. Its crew is 3 people.

These systems have become one of the most common air defense systems in the world. This is the most successful anti-aircraft weapon system of the Soviet era, it is highly mobile and easy to use, it has almost endless potential for modernization.

Strela-10 is characterized by high mobility and ease of preparation for shooting, which meets all modern standards. The transfer of the installation from the marching position to the combat position takes no more than 20 seconds. The missiles are prepared for launch in 5 to 10 seconds. Latest modifications of the air defense missile system “ Strela-10 '' are able to work in an automated manner. In this case, the reception and processing of target designations can be carried out under the guidance of the operator. Airborne objects are recognized at a distance of up to 12 km. To detect enemy objects, a radio direction finder is used in an autonomous mode. The attack is carried out only on targets that are in the visual vision of the complex. The maximum distance to a target with a high probability of hitting is 5 km.

The Arrow family of complexes includes various modifications: 9K35M3 Strela-10M2, 9K35M3 Strela-10M3, 9K35M4 Strela-10M4, Strela-10MN, as well as two Belarusian modifications. Anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM) of the Strela-10M family & mdash; part of the Soviet project Strela-10. Since 1976, various modifications of Arrow are in service both in Russia and in service with the armies of more than twenty countries. Among them & mdash; North Korea, India, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Cuba, Belarus, Georgia, Azerbaijan, etc. & nbsp;

Earlier it was reported that the replacement of the Strela-10M air defense system a short-range complex “ Pine '' has been developed. The new air defense system ensures the destruction of targets, both in motion and in positions, at a distance of up to ten kilometers and an altitude of up to five kilometers at any time of the day and in any weather. It can be used both autonomously and as part of a unit, it can fire on the move. One combat vehicle carries 12 small-sized anti-aircraft missiles “ Sosna-R '' and is equipped with a high-precision optoelectronic control system, protected from interference. The control system of the air defense missile system is fully automated, the crew of the combat vehicle & mdash; two people.

Источник aif.ru

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